Eoplesiosaurus

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Eoplesiosaurus
Temporal range: Early Jurassic, 199.6–198Ma
Holotype of Eoplesiosaurus antiquior.png
Holotype of Eoplesiosaurus antiquior
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Superorder: Sauropterygia
Order: Plesiosauria
Superfamily: Plesiosauroidea
Genus: Eoplesiosaurus
Benson, Evans & Druckenmiller, 2012
Type species
Eoplesiosaurus antiquior
Benson, Evans & Druckenmiller, 2012

Eoplesiosaurus is an extinct genus of basal plesiosauroid known from the Early Jurassic period (most likely earliest Hettangian stage) of the United Kingdom. It contains a single species, E. antiquior.[1]

Discovery[edit]

Eoplesiosaurus is known only from the holotype specimen TTNCM 8348, a complete and articulated postcranial skeleton. It preserved three-dimensionally with some gastralia presented. It was collected at Watchet, of Somerset, from the Pre-Planorbis beds of the Blue Lias Formation of the Lower Lias Group. These beds likely occur below the first occurrence of the ammonite Psiloceras planorbis. Thus, they probably fall within the earliest Hettangian P. tilmanni Chronozone, which is about 199.6-198 million years old, immediately following the TriassicJurassic Boundary. Plesiosaurs fossils which were discovered at Street (e.g. Avalonnectes and Thalassiodracon), or at penecontemporaneous strata such as the Watchet locality, represent the earliest known occurrence of the Plesiosauria. Hence, Eoplesiosaurus is the oldest plesiosauroid and one of the oldest plesiosaurs, to date.[1]

Description[edit]

Eoplesiosaurus is a proportionally long-necked plesiosaurian with at least 38 cervical vertebrae. The presence of small, conical lateral projections on the bases of the anterior cervical prezygapophyses represents its autapomorphy. A phylogenetic analysis performed by Benson et al. (2012) found it to be the basalmost known plesiosauroid. The cladogram below shows Eoplesiosaurus phylogenetic position among other plesiosaurs following Benson et al. (2012).[1]

Plesiosauria 

Rhomaleosauridae


 Neoplesiosauria 

Pliosauridae


 Plesiosauroidea 

Eoplesiosaurus antiquior




Plesiosaurus dolichodeirus




Microcleididae




Plesiopterys wildi



Elasmosauridae and Cryptoclidia








Etymology[edit]

Eoplesiosaurus was first described and named by Roger B. J. Benson, Mark Evans and Patrick S. Druckenmiller in 2012 and the type species is Eoplesiosaurus antiquior. The generic name is derived from Greek Eo, "dawn", and Plesiosaurus in reference to its proportionally long neck, which is also present in Plesiosaurus. The specific name is derived from Latin meaning "more ancient", in reference to the old geologic age of the specimen and Duria Antiquior (meaning "a more ancient Dorset"), an 1830 watercolour depiction of Lower Jurassic fauna, including plesiosaurs and ichthyosaurs, by Henry De la Beche.[1]

References[edit]