Eosalmo

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Eosalmo
Temporal range: Middle Eocene
[1]
Eosalmo driftwoodensis 02.jpg
Eosalmo driftwoodensis, Klondike Mountain Formation, Washington, USA
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Salmoniformes
Family: Salmonidae
Subfamily: Salmoninae
Genus: Eosalmo
Species: E. driftwoodensis
Binomial name
Eosalmo driftwoodensis
Wilson, 1977

Eosalmo is a genus of extinct salmon which lived during the Eocene epoch.[1] The genus was first described in 1977 from fossils found in lacustrine deposits in Driftwood Canyon Provincial Park, near Smithers, British Columbia, Canada. Fossils from this genus have also been found at sites in Princeton, British Columbia, the McAbee Fossil Beds in B.C., and Republic, Washington, USA.[2] When first described the genus was thought to be intermediate in form to the living salmon subfamilies Salmoninae (trout and salmon) and Thymallinae (graylings). More recent review of the genus has placed Eosalmo as the most primitive member of the Salmoninae subfamily.[2] Fossils found in Driftwood Canyon Provincial Park display a full range of individuals from young juveniles through adults. This range indicates that the genus was completely freshwater dwelling and did not spend time in saltwater.[3]

Physiology[edit]

Several unique characters found in Eosalmo separate the genus from extant salmonids. The subopercle exhibits an anetrodorsal process which meets the edge of the subopercle at approximately a 60° angle.[2] Also unique is the basihyal tooth plate, which is broad, flat, thin, and lacking any teeth along the edges. Modern salonids possess stout teeth along the edge of the basiyal.[2] The morphology suggests Eosamo represents an intermediate between the modern Salmoninae and Thymallinae subfamilies and evolved from a grayling like ancestor.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Sepkoski, Jack (2002). "A compendium of fossil marine animal genera". Bulletins of American Paleontology 364: p.560. Retrieved 2009-02-27. 
  2. ^ a b c d Wilson, M.V.H.; Li, Guo-Qing (1999). "Osteology and systematic position of the Eocene salmonid †Eosalmo driftwoodensis Wilson from western North America". Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 99 (125): 279–311. Retrieved 2010-01-01. 
  3. ^ Burke Museum Eosalmo page
  4. ^ Geological Survey of Canada