Eparchy of Zahumlje and Herzegovina
|Eparchy of Zahumlje and Herzegovina|
Gracanica, in Trebinje.
|Jurisdiction||Serbian Orthodox Church|
|Headquarters||Mostar, Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bosnia and Herzegovina|
|Website||Eparchy of Zahumlje and Herzegovina|
The Eparchy of Zahumlje, Herzegovina and the Littoral (Serbian: Епархија Захумско-херцеговачка и Приморска) is an eparchy (diocese) of the Serbian Orthodox Church with its seat in Mostar, Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
In 1089, the see of Trebinje (Travunia) was briefly theoretically under the jurisdiction of the Archbishopric of Bar.
Middle Ages (Post-Autocephaly)
The Eparchy of Zahumlje and Herzegovina was originally founded in 1219, by Saint Sava, the same year the Serbian Orthodox Church acquired its autocephaly status from Constantinople. Thus, it was one of the original Serb Orthodox bishoprics. The first bishop of Hum was Ilarion, succeeded by Sava II (son of Stefan Prvovenčani), Jovan, Danilo and Stefan.
The original seat of the Diocese of Hum, as it was called in 1219, was in Ston, in the church of the Most Holy Theotokos (Пресвете Богородице). Following an earthquake in the Hum capital of Ston, the Orthodox bishop of Hum moved to the church of St Peter and St Paul built on the Lim River near the Serbian border in the 1250s.
When Hum was taken over by the Bosnian ban in the 14th century, the see of the eparchy was moved to the Mileševa Monastery. In the 15th century, it became the Diocese of Herzegovina, in line with the regions new name given to it by its ruler, the Herceg of Saint Sava, Stjepan Vukčić Kosača. The Bishop of Hercegovina crowned King Tvrtko I in Mileševa in 1377 as King of Serbs and all of Bosnia and Hum.
Following the fall of Herzegovina under Turkish rule, the See was frequently moved, finally to settle in Monastery Tvrdoš near Trebinje. Following that final move, the following Bishops of the Diocese of Zahumlje and Herzegovina are known: Jovan (1508–1513) and Visarion, restorers of Monastery Tvrdoš (1508); then Marko (1524), Maksim (1532), Nikanor (1546), Antonije (1570), Savatije (1573–1585), Visarion (1592), Silvestar (1602) and Leontije (1605–1611).
Eventually, the Diocese was split with the Diocese of Mileševa breaking off.
|Ilarion of Hum||1219||First bishop.|
|Sava II||-1264||Son of Stephen the First-Crowned|
|Jovan and Visarion||1508-1513|
|Basil of Ostrog||1639–1649||Saint|
- List of the Eparchies of the Serbian Orthodox Church
- History of Bosnia and Herzegovina (958–1463)
- Holy Annunciation Orthodox church, Dubrovnik
- Eparchy of Zahumlje and Herzegovina (Serbian)