Eparchy of Zahumlje and Herzegovina

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Eparchy of Zahumlje and Herzegovina
Gracanica in Trebinje.jpg
Gračanica, in Trebinje
Location
Territory Herzegovina
Headquarters Mostar, Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Information
Denomination Eastern Orthodox
Sui iuris church Serbian Orthodox Church
Established 1219
Language Church Slavonic
Serbian
Website
Eparchy of Zahumlje and Herzegovina

The Eparchy of Zahumlje, Herzegovina and the Littoral (Serbian: Епархија Захумско-херцеговачка и Приморска) is an eparchy (diocese) of the Serbian Orthodox Church with its seat in Mostar, Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bosnia and Herzegovina.

History[edit]

Ecclesiastical background[edit]

The region was under the Metropolitanate of Durazzo, which in turn was under the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople.[when?] In 1089, the see of Trebinje (Travunia) was briefly theoretically under the jurisdiction of the Archbishopric of Bar.

Middle Ages[edit]

The Metropolitanate of Zahumlje ("Hum") was originally founded in 1219, by Archbishop Sava, the same year the Serbian Orthodox Church acquired its autocephaly status from Constantinople. Thus, it was one of the original Serbian Orthodox bishoprics. The first bishop of Hum was Ilarion, succeeded by Sava II (son of Stefan the First-Crowned). The original seat was in Ston, in the church of the Most Holy Theotokos (Пресвете Богородице). Following an earthquake, the bishop moved the seat to the Church of Peter and Paul on the Lim river in the 1250s.

With the War of Hum (1326–29), most of Zahumlje was taken over by Stephen II, Ban of Bosnia. The see of the eparchy was then moved to the Mileševa monastery. Following the fall of the Duchy of St. Sava to the Ottoman Empire, the see was frequently moved, finally to settle in the Tvrdoš Monastery near Trebinje in 1508. Eventually, the eparchy was further divided into the Eparchy of Mileševa.

Modern and contemporary history[edit]

Heads[edit]

Picture Name Time Notes
Eparchy of Hum (Serbian Patriarchate)
Ilarion 1219–? First bishop.
Sava II ?–1264 Son of Stefan the First-Crowned.
Jevstatije ca. 1300
Jovan ca. 1305
Danilo 1316–24 hagiographer and Archbishop of Peć
Stefan 1324 in exile, became bishop of the Eparchy of Lim
Metropolitanate of Herzegovina, or Trebinje (Patriarchate of Constantinople)
Jovan 1508–1513 Restored Tvrdoš in 1508 (becoming the see)
Visarion 1509–1525
Maksim before 1532
Marko 1531–1534
Nikanor 1534–1546
Metropolitanate of Herzegovina, or Trebinje (Patriarchate of Peć)
Antonije 1570
Savatije Sokolović 1573–85
Visarion 1590–1602
Silvestar 1602
Leontije 1605–11
Saint Basil of Ostrog.jpg Basil of Ostrog 1639–49 Saint
Metropolitanate of Zahumlje (Patriarchate of Peć)
Simeon –1693
Savatije Ljubibratić 1693–1716 titular bishop "of Zahumlje and Dalmatia"
Gerasim 1716–?
Metropolitanate of Herzegovina (Patriarchate of Constantinople)
Antim 1766—1772
Ananije 1772—1802
Jerimija 1803—1815
Josif I 1816—1835
Prokopije I 1837—1838
Aksentije III 1838—1848
Josif II 1848—1854
Eparchy of Herzegovina
Grigorije 1855—1860
Prokopije 1864—1875
Ignatije 1875—1888
LeontijeRadulović-mošti.jpg Leontije Radulović 1888
Serafin Perović.png Serafim Perović 1889–1903
Petar Zimonjić 1903–10
Eparchy of Zahumlje and Herzegovina (Serbian Patriarchate)

See also[edit]

External links[edit]