Eparchy of Zahumlje and Herzegovina

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Eparchy of Zahumlje and Herzegovina
Gracanica in Trebinje.jpg
Gracanica, in Trebinje.
Jurisdiction Serbian Orthodox Church
Diocese type Eparchy
Founded 1219
Current Bishop
See
Headquarters Mostar, Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Territory Herzegovina
Language Church Slavonic
Serbian
Population
Website Eparchy of Zahumlje and Herzegovina

The Eparchy of Zahumlje, Herzegovina and the Littoral (Serbian: Епархија Захумско-херцеговачка и Приморска) is an eparchy (diocese) of the Serbian Orthodox Church with its seat in Mostar, Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bosnia and Herzegovina.

History[edit]

Early[edit]

The region was under the Metropolitanate of Durazzo, which in turn was under the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople.

In 1089, the see of Trebinje (Travunia) was briefly theoretically under the jurisdiction of the Archbishopric of Bar.

Middle Ages (Post-Autocephaly)[edit]

The Eparchy of Zahumlje and Herzegovina was originally founded in 1219, by Saint Sava, the same year the Serbian Orthodox Church acquired its autocephaly status from Constantinople. Thus, it was one of the original Serb Orthodox bishoprics. The first bishop of Hum was Ilarion, succeeded by Sava II (son of Stefan Prvovenčani), Jovan, Danilo and Stefan.

The original seat of the Diocese of Hum, as it was called in 1219, was in Ston, in the church of the Most Holy Theotokos (Пресвете Богородице). Following an earthquake in the Hum capital of Ston, the Orthodox bishop of Hum moved to the church of St Peter and St Paul built on the Lim River near the Serbian border in the 1250s.

The church in Ston was taken over by the Roman Catholic Church in the 15th century after the region was included in the fiercely Roman Catholic Ragusan Republic.

When Hum was taken over by the Bosnian ban in the 14th century, the see of the eparchy was moved to the Mileševa Monastery. In the 15th century, it became the Diocese of Herzegovina, in line with the regions new name given to it by its ruler, the Herceg of Saint Sava, Stjepan Vukčić Kosača. The Bishop of Hercegovina crowned King Tvrtko I in Mileševa in 1377 as King of Serbs and all of Bosnia and Hum.

Following the fall of Herzegovina under Turkish rule, the See was frequently moved, finally to settle in Monastery Tvrdoš near Trebinje. Following that final move, the following Bishops of the Diocese of Zahumlje and Herzegovina are known: Jovan (1508–1513) and Visarion, restorers of Monastery Tvrdoš (1508); then Marko (1524), Maksim (1532), Nikanor (1546), Antonije (1570), Savatije (1573–1585), Visarion (1592), Silvestar (1602) and Leontije (1605–1611).

Eventually, the Diocese was split with the Diocese of Mileševa breaking off.

Heads[edit]

Picture Name Time Notes
Ilarion of Hum 1219 First bishop.
Sava II -1264 Son of Stephen the First-Crowned
Jevstatije 1300
Jovan 1305
Danilo 1316–1324
Stefan ?
Jovan and Visarion 1508-1513
Marko 1524
Maksim 1532
Nikanor 1546
Antonije 1570
Savatije 1573–1585
Visarion 1592
Silvestar 1602
Leontije 1605-1611
Saint Basil of Ostrog.jpg Basil of Ostrog 1639–1649 Saint

See also[edit]

External links[edit]