Ephraïm Inoni

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Ephraïm Inoni
Marquardt and Inoni.JPG
Inoni with Ambassador Niels Marquardt of the United States in Yaoundé, 25 September 2006.
Prime Minister of Cameroon
In office
8 December 2004 – 30 June 2009
President Paul Biya
Deputy Jean Nkuete
Ahmadu Ali
Preceded by Peter Mafany Musonge
Succeeded by Philemon Yang
Personal details
Born (1947-08-16) 16 August 1947 (age 66)
Bakingili, Cameroon
Political party Cameroon People's Democratic Movement

Ephraïm Inoni (born 16 August 1947[1][2]) is a Cameroonian politician who was Prime Minister of Cameroon from 2004 to 2009. He was a long-time aide of President Paul Biya and is a member of the ruling Cameroon People's Democratic Movement (RDPC).[3] He was appointed to the position of Prime Minister by Biya on December 8, 2004[4] and was sworn in that day.

Career[edit]

Inoni is an Anglophone[3] and a member of the Bakweri ethnic group. He was born in the village of Bakingili, near Limbé, in the Southwest Region of Cameroon.[1][2] He was Municipal Treasurer of Douala from 1981 to 1982, then Treasurer of the Cameroonian Embassy to the United States from 1982 to 1984 and Director of Account Balancing at the Ministry of Finance from 1984 to 1988.[5] He was later named Secretary of State for Finances on April 9, 1992 and then Deputy Secretary General to the Presidency on November 27, 1992,[1][2] serving in the latter position until his appointment as Prime Minister in December 2004.[1]

Inoni is a member of the Central Committee of the RDPC.[6] He was part of the campaign team for Biya's election campaign in the 2004 presidential election and was the president of the campaign's support committee in the Southwest Province.[7]

Biya dismissed Inoni from his post as Prime Minister on June 30, 2009, appointing another anglophone, Philémon Yang, to replace him.[8] The reshuffle was the largest shakeup since Inoni's own appointment as Prime Minister.[9] President Biya stated on state radio that twelve ministers were sacked (including Inoni and the defence minister), six joined and three changed places.[10] It is thought that public anger over rising food prices and the high level of government corruption in conjunction with Biya's attempts to shore-up support for the next presidential election led to the sacking, while Inoni had been in the midst of securing $140 million in aid from the International Monetary Fund, although an official explanation was not given.[9]

Suspected of corruption during his time in office, Inoni was arrested on 16 April 2012. This arrest came as part of Operation Epevier (sparrow hawk), anti-corruption campaign launched by President Paul Biya in 2004.This arrest is in connection of Operation Albatross,over the purchase at great expense in 2003 of the presidential aircraft,which turned out to have serious flaws on its maiden flight with the presidential couple from the Douala International airport to Paris in 2004. He was one of a number of high-level officials arrested during the course of a crackdown on corruption. Ephraim Inoni has been under interrogation behind closed doors by examining magistrates as part of the judicial process in the case popularly knowned in Cameroon as the "Albatross Affair". He was placed under pre-trial detention by the Mfoundi high Court in Yaounde. This marks another phase in the Albatross affair wherein several state and corporate officials are alleged to have swindled over FCFA 15 billion intended for the purchase of a presidential aircraft in 2003. He has joined other suspects such as Marafa Hamidou Yaya, former Minister of Territorial Administration and decentralization, business magnate, Yves Michel Fotso, former Director General of defunct Camair, Ambassador Jerome Mendouga, former minister Jean Marie Atangana Mebara, amongst others at the Yaounde Central prison popularly known as Kondengui.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Profile at government website.
  2. ^ a b c "Sortie: La chute des baobabs", Cameroon-info.net, December 9, 2004 (French).
  3. ^ a b "Biya aide named premier, cabinet reshuffled", IRIN, December 13, 2004.
  4. ^ "Inoni Ephraim nommé Premier ministre du Cameroun", Xinhua, December 9, 2004 (French).
  5. ^ "Inoni Ephraïm", Cameroun: Les Hommes de Pouvoir n°7, Africa Intelligence, September 17, 2002 (French).
  6. ^ List of members of the RDPC Central Committee, RDPC website (French).
  7. ^ "President Paul Biya selects campaign team", 2004 presidential election website.
  8. ^ Jean-Bruno Tagne, "Breaking News: Paul Biya modifie son Gouvernement !", Cameroon-info.net, 30 June 2009 (French).
  9. ^ a b Cameroon's president sacks PM in reshuffle (3rd Update)
  10. ^ Cameroon president names new prime minister in government reshuffle
  11. ^ "Cameroon ex-PM held in corruption probe: lawyer", AFP, 16 April 2012.
Political offices
Preceded by
Peter Mafany Musonge
Prime Minister of Cameroon
2004–2009
Succeeded by
Philémon Yang