Ephraim Moses Lilien

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Lilien.jpg
Ephraim Moshe Lilien
Born 1874
Died 1925
Nationality Israeli, Jewish
Education Academy of Arts in Kraków
Academy of Fine Arts Vienna
Known for Illustrator and Print-maker
Movement Israeli art

Ephraim Moses Lilien (1874–1925) was an art nouveau illustrator and print-maker particularly noted for his art on Jewish and Zionist themes. He is sometimes called the "first Zionist artist."[1]

Biography[edit]

Ephraim Moses Lilien (flower pot) was born in Drohobycz, Galicia in 1874. In 1889-1893 Lilien learned painting and graphic techniques at the Academy of Arts in Kraków. He studied under Polish painter Jan Matejko from 1890 to 1892.

Portrait of Theodor Herzl

As a member of the Zionist Movement, Lilien traveled to Ottoman Palestine several times between 1906 and 1918.[2] He accompanied Boris Schatz to Jerusalem to help establish the Bezalel Art School.[3]

Lilien was one of the two artists to accompany Boris Schatz to Eretz Israel in 1906 for the purpose of establishing Bezalel Academy of Arts and Design, and taught the school's first class in 1906. Although his stay in the country was short-lived, he left his indelible stamp on the creation of an Eretz Israel style, placing biblical subjects in the Zionist context and oriental settings, conceived in an idealized Western design. In the first two decades of the century, Lilien's work served as a model for the Bezalel group.

Artistic career[edit]

Lilien is known for his famous photographic portrait of Theodor Herzl. He often used Herzl as a model, considering his features a perfect representation of the "New Jew."[4] In 1896, he received an award for photography from the avantgarde magazine Jugend. Lilien illustrated several books. In 1923, an exhibition of his work opened in New York.[5]

Lilien's illustrated books include Juda (1900), Biblically-themes poetry by Lilien's Christian friend, Börries Freiherr von Münchausen, and Lieder des Ghetto (Songs of the Ghetto) (1903), Yiddish poems by Morris Rosenfeld translated into German.

Death and commemoration[edit]

Lilien died in Badenweiler, Germany in 1925. A street in the Nayot neighborhood of Jerusalem is named for him.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

Ephraim Moses Lilien, Stamp for the Keren Kayemet, Vienna, 1901-2.
  1. ^ Haim Finkelstein, Lilien and Zionism
  2. ^ On Ephraim Moses Lilien
  3. ^ Haim Finkelstein, Lilien and Zionism
  4. ^ Artistic Expressions of the Jewish Renaissance
  5. ^ On Ephraim Moses Lilien
  6. ^ Levussove, New Art of an Ancient People: Lilien, p. 12: "The Silent Song".
  7. ^ Image published in Ost und West, Berlin, January 1902, 17-18.
  8. ^ Image published in Ost und West, December 1904, 848-850.

External links[edit]