Epidaurus (Greek: Επίδαυρος, Illyrian: Zaptal, Latin: Epidaurum) or Epidauros was an ancient Greek colony founded sometime in the 6th century BC, renamed to Epidaurum // during Roman rule in 228 BC, when it was part of the province of Illyricum, later Dalmatia. The Illyrians used to call the city Zaptal. It is located at the modern-day Cavtat in Croatia, 15 km (9 mi) south of Dubrovnik.
During the civil war between Julius Caesar and Pompey the city was besieged by M. Octavius but saved by the arrival of the consul Publius Vatinius.
The city was destroyed by Avars and Slavic invaders in the 7th century. Refugees from Epidaurus fled to the nearby island Laas or Laus (meaning "stone" in Greek, from which Ragusa (through rhotacism) was founded, which over time evolved into Dubrovnik.
In the Middle Ages, the town of Cavtat (Ragusa-Vecchia) was established in the same area.
- Aulus Hirtius, De Bello Alexandrino XIV[page needed][when?]
- Austria: Her People & Their Homelands by James Baker,""... dates back to the sixth century B.c., when the Greeks founded here Epidaurus"[page needed][when?]
- Wilkes, J. J. The Illyrians, 1992, ISBN 0-631-19807-5, page 216, "... hand, the Deraemestae (30) were formed from several smaller groups in the vicinity of the new Roman colony established at Epidaurum (Cavtat near Dubrovnik). ..."
- Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography: Abacaenum-Hytanis. 1854 by Sir William Smith (p. 840)
- Researches on the Danube and the Adriatic by Andrew Archibald Paton (1861). Contributions to the Modern History of Hungary and Transylvania, Dalmatia and Croatia, Servia and Bulgaria- page 247
- Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon, word λάας (laas).
- Dalmatia and Montenegro by Sir John Gardner Wilkinson
- Notizie Istorico-Critiche Sulla Antichita, Storia, e Letteratura de' Ragusei (published in two vols) by Francesco Maria Appendini.
- Wilkes, J. J. The Illyrians, 1992, ISBN 0-631-19807-5
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