Gallocatechol

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Gallocatechol
(+)-Gallocatechin.svg
Identifiers
CAS number 1617-55-6 YesY
PubChem 65084
ChemSpider 58594 N
MeSH Gallocatechol
ChEBI CHEBI:68330 N
ChEMBL CHEMBL47386 N
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Properties
Molecular formula C15H14O7
Molar mass 306.267 g/mol
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
 N (verify) (what is: YesY/N?)
Infobox references

Gallocatechol or gallocatechin (EGC) is a flavan-3-ol, a type of chemical compound including catechin, with the gallate residue being in an isomeric trans position. It is one of the antioxidant chemicals found in food.

This compound possesses two epimers. The most common, (+)-gallocatechin (GC), CAS number 970-73-0, is found notably in green tea. Other sources of (+)-gallocatechin are bananas,[1] persimmon and pomegranate.[citation needed] The other enantiomer is called (-)-gallocatechin or ent-gallocatechin.

This compound had been shown to have moderate affinity to the human cannabinoid receptor,[2] which may contribute to the health benefits found by consuming green tea.

Epigallocatechin is an other type of catechin, with the gallate residue being in an isomeric cis position. It can be found in St John's wort.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Antioxidant compounds from bananas (Musa cavendish). S. Someya, Y. Yoshiki and K. Okubo, Food Chemistry, Volume 79, Issue 3, November 2002, pp. 351-354, doi:10.1016/S0308-8146(02)00186-3
  2. ^ Korte, G.; Dreiseitel, A.; Schreier, P.; Oehme, A.; Locher, S.; Geiger, S.; Heilmann, J.; Sand, P. (2010). "Tea catechins' affinity for human cannabinoid receptors". Phytomedicine : international journal of phytotherapy and phytopharmacology 17 (1): 19–22. doi:10.1016/j.phymed.2009.10.001. PMID 19897346.  edit
  3. ^ Separation of epigallocatechin and flavonoids from Hypericum perforatum L. by high-speed counter-current chromatography and preparative high-performance liquid chromatography. Yun Wei, Qianqian Xie,Wanting Dong and Yoichiro Ito, Journal of Chromatography A, 1216 (2009), pages 4313–4318, doi:10.1016/j.chroma.2008.12.056

External links[edit]