Epiglottal stop

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Epiglottal stop
ʡ
IPA number 173
Encoding
Entity (decimal) ʡ
Unicode (hex) U+02A1
X-SAMPA >\
Braille ⠦ (braille pattern dots-236) ⠆ (braille pattern dots-23)
Sound

The epiglottal stop is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ʡ.

Features[edit]

The epiglottis is labelled as "12" in this diagram.

Features of the epiglottal stop:

Occurrence[edit]

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Archi гӀарз [ʡarz] 'complaint'
Dahalo[1] [ndoːʡo] 'floor'
Haida Northern dialects antl [ʡʌntɬ] 'water' Corresponds to /ɢ̥/ in southern dialects.
Jah Hut[2][not in citation given] [ɲhɔːʡ] 'tree'

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Diffloth, Gérard (1976), "Minor-syllable vocalism in Senoic languages", in Jenner, Phillip N.; Thompson, Laurence C.; Starosta, Stanley, Austroasiatic Studies 1, Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, pp. 229–247, JSTOR http://www.jstor.org/stable/20019158 
  • Maddieson, Ian; Spajić, Siniša; Sands, Bonny; Ladefoged, Peter (1993), "Phonetic structures of Dahalo", in Maddieson, Ian, UCLA working papers in phonetics: Fieldwork studies of targeted languages 84, Los Angeles: The UCLA Phonetics Laboratory Group, pp. 25–65