||This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the French Wikipedia. (July 2014)|
The Moselle River
|Canton||Épinal-Est and Épinal-Ouest|
|• Mayor (2008–2014)||Michel Heinrich|
|• Land1||59.24 km2 (22.87 sq mi)|
|• Population2 density||600/km2 (1,600/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||88160 / 88000|
|Elevation||315–492 m (1,033–1,614 ft)
(avg. 340 m or 1,120 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
The old town centre features the Place des Vosges, the Chapitre district, Saint-Maurice's Basilica, medieval castle remains and the Roman House (11th and 13th centuries). It is also known for its parks and gardens, as well as a large communal forest with arboretum (the Arboretum de la Forêt d'Épinal).
There are major fortifications, extended and maintained until the early 20th century. There is a legend, among the populace of Épinal, that Napoleon's ghost strolls the wall ramparts on 9 September of each year at 5:00 am It was on this day and at this time that, in 1811, Napoleon gave his first and last oration to the city of Épinal, wherein he addressed the challenges posed by northern expansion.
There is an American military cemetery on the outskirts of the town where United States service members killed in World War II are buried.
Émile Durkheim, a founder of sociology, was born here in 1858.
Épinal is best known for the "Images d'Épinal" – which is now a common expression in French language – the popular prints created by a local company, the Imagerie d'Épinal, formerly known as the Imagerie Pellerin. These stencil-colored woodcuts of military subjects, Napoleonic history, storybook characters and other folk themes were widely distributed throughout the 19th century. The company still exists today, and still uses its hand-operated presses to produce the antique images. Other local industries include textiles, metals, morocco leather, precision instruments, and bicycles. There is a school of textile weaving.
Twin towns — Sister cities
Épinal participates in town twinning to foster good international relations. Its current partners include:
- "British towns twinned with French towns [via WaybackMachine.com]". Archant Community Media Ltd. Archived from the original on 5 July 2013. Retrieved 2013-07-20.
- "Schwäbisch Hall and its twin towns". Stadt Schwäbisch Hall. Retrieved 2013-07-26.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Épinal.|
- Official site
- La place forte d'Epinal 1870 – 1914
- Epinal at LoveToKnow
- Epinal-Tribu Informations about Epinal (in French)
- Epinal-info (in French)
- City council website (in French)
- HoloGuides : Epinal – photos