Epinotia

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Epinotia
Epinotia solandriana01.jpg
Adult Epinotia solandriana
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Tortricidae
Tribe: Eucosmini
Genus: Epinotia
Hübner, [1825]
Type species
Phalaena similana
Hübner, 1793
Diversity
166 species
Synonyms

Numerous, see text

Epinotia is a very large genus of tortrix moths (family Tortricidae). It belongs to the tribe Eucosmini of subfamily Olethreutinae.[1]

Species[edit]

166 species of Epinotia were considered valid as of 2009. Though many tortrix moth genera are fairly comprehensively studied, with little other than cryptic species complexes remaining undiscovered, distinct new species of Epinotia are being described every few years or so. With such a large and insufficiently known taxon, it is of course possible that the group may not be monophyletic as circumscribed here:[2]

Synonyms[edit]

In particular during the early-mid 19th century, when little of the diversity of Epinotia was known, it was split into many smaller genera. Today however, these are generally – but not universally, e.g. regarding the supposedly monotypic Griselda, or Catastega which is here considered separate but included in Epinotia elsewhere[Note 1] – included here again at least pending a thorough taxonomic review. Now-invalid scientific names (junior synonyms and others) of Epinotia are:[1][Note 1]

  • Acalla Hübner, [1825]
  • Astatia Hübner, 1825
  • Asthenia Hübner, 1825
  • Cartella Stephens, 1852
  • Ccalla (lapsus)
  • Curtella (lapsus)
  • Epinotis (lapsus)
  • Evertia (lapsus)
  • Evetria Hübner, 1825
  • Griselda Heinrich, 1923
  • Hamuligera Obraztsov, 1946
  • Hikagehamakia Oku, 1974
  • Hypermecia Guenée, 1845
  • Lithographia Stephens, 1852
  • Neurasthenia Pierce & Metcalf, 1922
  • Paedisca Treitschke, 1830
  • Pamplasia (lapsus)
  • Pamplusia Guenée, 1845
  • Panoplia Hübner, 1825
  • Paragrapha Sodoffsky, 1837
  • Phlaeodes Guenée, 1845
  • Phloeodes (lapsus)
  • Podisca (lapsus)
  • Poecilochroma Stephens, 1829
  • Proteopteryx Walsingham, 1879
  • Steganoptera (lapsus)
  • Steganoptica (lapsus)
  • Steganoptycha Stephens, 1834

Halonota has also been listed[Note 1] as junior synonym of Epinotia. But its type species Pyralis populana is today placed in Pammene, and thus Halonota is a junior subjective synonym of the latter genus.[1]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c See e.g. the references in Savela (2005, 2009)[3][4]

Bibliography[edit]

  1. ^ a b c J. Baixeras, J. W. Brown & T. M. Gilligan (2009). "Epinotia genus account". Online World Catalogue of the Tortricidae. Version 1.3.1. Retrieved January 20, 2009. 
  2. ^ J. Baixeras, J. W. Brown & T. M. Gilligan (2009). "Epinotia species list". Online World Catalogue of the Tortricidae. Version 1.3.1. Retrieved January 20, 2009. 
  3. ^ Markku Savela (September 13, 2005). "Griselda". Lepidoptera and Some Other Life Forms. Retrieved April 15, 2010. 
  4. ^ Markku Savela (July 7, 2009). "Epinotia". Lepidoptera and Some Other Life Forms. Retrieved April 19, 2010.