Epiophlebia

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Epiophlebia
Epiophlebia superstes by OpenCage.jpg
Epiophlebia superstes
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Odonata
Suborder: Epiprocta
Infraorder: Epiophlebioptera
Family: Epiophlebiidae
Genus: Epiophlebia
Calvert, 1903
Species
Epiophlebia diana
Epiophlebia laidlawi
Epiophlebia superstes
Epiophlebia sinensis

The genus Epiophlebia is the sole member of the family Epiophlebiidae, which is itself the sole living representative of the Epiproctan infraorder Epiophlebioptera, and it contains only four species. The first two species were historically placed in their own suborder Anisozygoptera, considered intermediate between dragonflies and damselflies, mainly because the hind wings are very similar in size and shape to the forewings and held back over the body at rest, as in damselflies. It has more recently been recognized that the genus Epiophlebia shares a more recent ancestor with dragonflies (having become separated from these in and around the uplifting of the Himalayas[1][2]), and the group has accordingly been reclassified as an infraorder within the dragonflies. Very recently [3] a third species, Epiophlebia sinensis, have been described from Heilongjiang province in northeast China, bridging the Epiophlebia distribution gap between Nepal and Japan. And a fourth species is only known from larval material from South China.[4]

Cited references[edit]

  1. ^ Tillyard R J (1921). "On an Anisozygopterous Larva from the Himalayas (Order Odonata)". Records of the Indian Museum 22 (2): 93–107. 
  2. ^ Fraser FC (1934). Fauna of British India. Odonata. Volume 2. Taylor & Francis. p. 151. 
  3. ^ Li J.-K., Nel A., Zhang X.-P., Fleck G., Gao M.-X., Lin L. & Zhou J., 2012. A third species of the relict family Epiophlebiidae discovered in China (Odonata: Epiproctophora). Systematic Entomology, 37 (2):408-412
  4. ^ Carle, FL (2012): A new Epiophlebia (Odonata: Epiophlebioidea) from China with a review of epiophlebian taxonomy, life history, and biogeography. Arthropod Systematics Phylogeny 70(2): 75–83 [1]