Phantasmal poison frog

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Phantasmal poison frog
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Dendrobatidae
Genus: Epipedobates
Species: E. tricolor
Binomial name
Epipedobates tricolor
(Boulenger, 1899)

The phantasmal poison frog (Epipedobates tricolor) is a species of poison dart frog (usually confused in the literature with Epipedobates anthonyi, until 2004). The natural habitat of this frog is the Andean slopes of the central Ecuadorian Bolívar Province and Cotopaxi Province, (Ecuador). They have radiant color. This species is endangered, and there are only few locations in the wild where they are known to live.


The phantasmal poison frog has a snout-to-vent length of about 22.6 mm (0.9 in). It has a wide head and truncated snout and the skin is smooth. The first finger is longer than the second, and all the digits are partially webbed. The dorsal surface is usually green or yellow and there are longitudinal stripes.[2]

Distribution and habitat[edit]

The phantasmal poison frog is known only from a number of locations in central Ecuador on the Andean slopes of Bolívar Province at heights of between 319 and 1,769 m (1,047 and 5,804 ft) above sea level. Its natural habitat is the leaf litter on the floor of the tropical forest, especially near streams, and in wetlands.[1]


Inhabits the Chocoan Tropical and subtropical rainforest. They live in natural forests and deforested areas. They have been in banana and cacao plantations, pastures near streams. The males carry the tadpoles to sites with running water. Secretes epibatidine, a chemical of pharmacological interest.




The phantasmal poison frog is listed as "Endangered" by the IUCN. This is because of its limited range, estimated to be less than 5,000 square kilometres (1,900 sq mi) and the apparent decline in numbers of this species.[1]


  1. ^ a b c Luis A. Coloma (2004). "Epipedobates tricolor". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.1. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2013-12-21. 
  2. ^ Coloma et al. (2011-to date). "Epipedobates tricolor". Anfibios de Ecuador. Retrieved 2014-06-28.  Check date values in: |date= (help)

External links[edit]

Data related to Epipedobates tricolor at Wikispecies Media related to Epipedobates tricolor at Wikimedia Commons