Epiploic appendix

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Epiploic appendix
Gray1076.png
Iliac colon, sigmoid or pelvic colon, and rectum seen from the front, after removal of pubic bones and bladder. (Lumps of fat visible at right.)
Gray1165.png
Female pelvis and its contents, seen from above and in front. (Lumps of fat visible at right.)
Latin appendices epiploicae
Gray's p.1158
Anatomical terminology

The epiploic appendices (or appendices epiploicae, or epiploic appendages, or appendix epiploica, or omental appendices) are small pouches of the peritoneum filled with fat and situated along the colon. NOT in the rectum.

They are chiefly appended to the transverse and sigmoid parts of the colon, however, their function is unknown.

The appendages can become inflamed, a benign but painful process known as epiploic appendagitis which can mimic acute appendicitis and other conditions.

External links[edit]

"Michael Sand et al. : Epiploic appendagitis – clinical characteristics of an uncommon surgical diagnosis BMC Surgery 2007, 7:11 (1 July 2007)".