Roman Catholic Diocese of Senigallia
|Diocese of Senigallia
Cathedral of Senigallia
|Area||580 km2 (220 sq mi)|
|(as of 2010)
|Cathedral||Basilica Cattedrale di S. Pietro Apostolo|
|Emeritus Bishops||Odo Fusi Pecci|
The Diocese of Senigallia (Latin: Dioecesis Senogalliensis) is a Roman Catholic ecclesiastical territory in the Marche, Italy. It has existed since the sixth century. It is a suffragan of the archdiocese of Ancona-Osimo.
The patron saint of Senigallia is St. Paulinus, whose body is preserved in the cathedral (as is attested for the first time in 1397). He is, therefore, not identical with Paulinus of Nola, nor is it known to what epoch he belongs. The first bishop of certain date was Venantius (502).
About 562 the bishop was St. Bonifacius, who at the time of the Lombard invasion was martyred by the Arians. Under Bishop Sigismundus (c. 590) the relics of St. Gaudentius, Bishop of Rimini and martyr, were transported to Senigallia.
Other bishops of the diocese are:
- Robertus and Theodosius (1057), friends of Peter Damianus;
- Jacopo (1232-1270), who rebuilt the cathedral which had been destroyed in 1264 by the Saracen troops of Manfred of Sicily;
- Francesco Mellini (1428), an Augustinian, who died at Rome, suffocated by the crowd at a consistory of Pope Eugenius IV.
Under Bishop Antonio Colombella (1438), an Augustinian, Sigismondo Pandolfo Malatesta, lord of Senigallia and Rimini, angered by his resistance to the destruction of certain houses, caused the cathedral and the episcopal palace to be demolished. The precious materials were transported to Rimini and were used in the construction of S. Francesco (tempio Malatestiano). Under Bishop Marco Vigerio Della Rovere (1513) the new cathedral was begun in 1540; it was consecrated in 1595 by Pietro Ridolfi (1591), a learned writer.
Other bishops were:
- Cardinal Antonio Barberini, a Capuchin brother of Pope Urban VIII;
- Cardinal Nicola Guidi di Bagno (1657-1659)
- Cardinal Domenico Poracciani (1714);
- Annibale della Genga (1816), who afterwards became Pope Leo XII.
- Cardinal Fabrizio Sceberras Testaferrata (1818-1843)