Epistrophe

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Not to be confused with Apostrophe.
This article is about the rhetorical terminology. For the genus of hoverflies, see Epistrophe (genus).

Epistrophe (Greek: ἐπιστροφή, "return") is the repetition of the same word or words at the end of successive phrases, clauses or sentences.[1] It is also known as epiphora and occasionally as antistrophe. It is a figure of speech and the counterpart of anaphora. It is an extremely emphatic device because of the emphasis placed on the last word in a phrase or sentence.

Platonic Epistrophe[edit]

Greek Epistrophe: "a word coined by Plato as a goal of philosophical education and the term adopted by early Christians for conversion." [2]


Examples[edit]

  • Where affections bear rule, their reason is subdued, honesty is subdued, good will is subdued, and all things else that withstand evil, for ever are subdued. — Thomas Wilson
  • ... this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom — and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth. — Abraham Lincoln in the Gettysburg Address
  • When I was a child, I spoke as a child, I understood as a child, I thought as a child. —  The Apostle Paul, in the Bible, 1 Cor 13:11 (King James Translation)
  • Senator Mike Mansfield's funeral oration for John F. Kennedy used the phrase "And she took a ring from her finger and placed it in his hands" five times.
  • "Epistrophy," a Thelonious Monk tune that uses an epistrophe of notes.
  • "There is no Negro problem. There is no Southern problem. There is no Northern problem. There is only an American problem." Lyndon B. Johnson in "We Shall Overcome"
  • "What lies behind us and what lies before us are tiny compared to what lies within us." — Ralph Waldo Emerson
  • "Hourly joys be still upon you! Juno sings her blessings on you. . . . Scarcity and want shall shun you, Ceres' blessing so is on you." — Shakespeare, The Tempest (4.1.108-109; 116–17)
A birthday card making use of epistrophe.

References[edit]

  1. ^ George Roberts (schoolmaster.) (1820). A catechism of rhetoric. p. 55. Retrieved 24 September 2013. 
  2. ^ Peters, Gerald (1993). The Mutilating God: Authorship andAuthority in the Narrative of Conversion. Amherst, MA: Univesrity of Massachusetts Press. p. 3. ISBN 9780870238918. 

External links[edit]