Epping (UK Parliament constituency)

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Epping
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
County Essex
18851974 (1974)
Number of members One
Replaced by Chingford, Epping Forest and Harlow
Created from South Essex
Epping in Essex, showing boundaries used from 1918 to 1945.
Epping in Essex, showing boundaries used from 1945 to 1950.
The Epping constituency from 1955 - 1970 in Essex

Epping was a parliamentary constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1885 to 1974. It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election. The constituency was abolished for the February 1974 general election and divided between the seats of Chingford, Epping Forest and Harlow.

Its most prominent MP was Winston Churchill, who served as Prime Minister during the Second World War for the latter part of his tenure in the seat. In the 1955 and 1959 general elections, the celebrated cricket commentator and journalist John Arlott stood as the Liberal Party candidate.

Boundaries[edit]

1950-1974: The borough of Chingford; the urban districts of Epping and Waltham Holy Cross; and the rural district of Epping.

Areas covered[edit]

Area 1918 1945 1950 1955 1974
Chingford Epping Epping Epping Epping Chingford
Harlow Harlow
Waltham Abbey, Theydon Bois
and Epping
Epping Forest
Loughton, Buckhurst Hill,
and Chigwell
Woodford Chigwell
Wanstead and Woodford Woodford Woodford Wanstead and
Woodford

Political Landscape[edit]

  • Churchill 1950-1951: Under Churchill's leadership, who himself had won this seat all the time from 1924 to 1945, the Conservatives did very well in Epping, making it under most circumstances a safe seat. During this period, the national vote was equal between Labour and Conservatives, but the Conservatives would still get a 10%-11% majority in Epping.
  • Eden 1955: Eden's leadership did little for Conservative chances in Epping, despite a national swing to the Conservatives, there was a swing to Labour in Epping (probably down to Liberal intervention). The national vote was equal between Labour and Conservatives, but the Conservatives would get a 4% majority in Epping.
  • Macmillan 1959: Macmillan seemed to turn off potential Conservative voters in 1959, as a less than average swing to the Conservatives showed a 'natural' shift to the left in Epping. The national vote was equal between Labour and Conservatives, but the Conservatives would get a 2% majority in Epping.
  • Wilson 1964-1970: Wilson's leadership saw a huge 'natural' shift to the left in Epping in 1964. The swing to Labour was on a par with the national results in 1966, but there was a 'natural' shift to the Conservatives in 1970 as a 'broken in' Heath revived Conservative chances and regained Epping. The national vote was equal between Labour and Conservatives in 1964, but Labour would get a 4% majority in Epping in 1964, increasing to 9% in 1966 as Labour's national share also increased, although the Conservatives reversed this to get a 3% lead in 1970 when they won the General Election by a similar margin. Norman Tebbit was elected that year.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member Party
1885 Sir Henry Selwin-Ibbetson Conservative
1892 Amelius Lockwood Conservative
1917 by-election Richard Colvin Conservative
1923 Sir Leonard Lyle Conservative
1924 Rt Hon Winston Churchill Constitutionalist
1924 Conservative
1945 Leah Manning Labour
1950 Nigel Davies Conservative
1951 Graeme Finlay Conservative
1964 Stan Newens Labour Co-operative
1970 Norman Tebbit Conservative
Feb 1974 constituency abolished: see Chingford, Epping Forest & Harlow

Election results[edit]

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1970: Epping
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Norman Tebbit 43,615 51.5 +12.5
Labour Stanley Newens 41,040 48.5 +0.1
Majority 2,575 3.0
Turnout 84,655 73.3 −9.1
Conservative gain from Labour Swing +6.2

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966: Epping
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Arthur Stanley Newens 38,914 48.4 +4.0
Conservative E Michael Ogden 31,406 39.0 −1.3
Liberal Derek A McKie 10,162 12.6 −2.7
Majority 7,508 9.3
Turnout 80,482 82.4 −0.9
Labour hold Swing +2.7
General Election 1964: Epping
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Stanley Newens 34,991 44.4 +5.9
Conservative Graeme Bell Finlay 31,753 40.3 −4.4
Liberal Nancy Seear 12,093 15.3 −1.6
Majority 3,238 4.1
Turnout 78,837 83.3 −1.0
Labour gain from Conservative Swing +5.2

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: Epping
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Graeme Bell Finlay 31,507 44.7 −1.8
Labour D F W Ford 27,114 38.4 −1.7
Liberal John Arlott 11,913 16.9 +3.5
Majority 4,393 6.2
Turnout 70,534 84.3 +2.0
Conservative hold Swing −0.1
General Election 1955: Epping
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Graeme Bell Finlay 26,065 46.4 −8.4
Labour Leah Manning 22,542 40.2 −5.0
Liberal John Arlott 7,528 13.4 N/A
Majority 3,523 6.3
Turnout 56,135 82.3 −2.8
Conservative hold Swing −1.7
General Election 1951: Epping
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Graeme Bell Finlay 27,392 54.8 +5.7
Labour Leah Manning 22,598 45.2 +4.0
Majority 4,794 9.6
Turnout 49,990 85.1 −1.5
Conservative hold Swing +0.9
General Election 1950: Epping
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Claude Nigel Byam Davies 24,292 49.1
Labour Leah Manning 20,385 41.2
Liberal P Lewis 4,755 9.6
Majority 3,907 7.9
Turnout 49,432 86.6
Conservative gain from Labour Swing

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Epping
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Mrs. Leah Manning 15,993 44.1 +19.3
Conservative Alfred Roy Wise 15,006 41.3 -17.8
Liberal Sir Sydney Walter Robinson 5,134 14.6 -1.9
Majority 987 2.8
Turnout 36,313 71.4 +3.7
Labour gain from Conservative Swing +18.6

General Election 1939/40: Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected;

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1935

Electorate 87,177

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Winston Churchill 34,849 59.03
Liberal Gilbert Granville Sharp 14,430 24.44
Labour J. Ranger 9,758 16.53
Majority 20,419 34.59
Turnout 67.72
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1931

Electorate 63,759

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Winston Churchill 35,956 63.82
Liberal Arthur Comyns Carr 15,670 27.81
Labour J. Ranger 4,713 8.37
Majority 20,286 36.01
Turnout 77.29
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1929: Epping[2]

Electorate 65,758

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Rt Hon. Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill 23,972 48.5
Liberal Gilbert Granville Sharp 19,005 38.4
Labour J T W Newbould 6,472 13.1
Majority 4,967 10.1
Turnout 75.2
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1924: Epping[3]

Electorate 43,055

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Constitutionalist Rt Hon. Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill 19,843 58.9
Liberal Gilbert Granville Sharp 10,080 29.9
Labour J R McPhie 3,768 11.2
Majority 9,763 29.0
Turnout 78.3
Constitutionalist hold Swing
General Election 1923: Epping[4]

Electorate 41,404

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Sir Charles Ernest Leonard Lyle 14,528 52.9 -7.0
Liberal Gilbert Granville Sharp 12,954 47.1 +7.0
Majority 1,574 5.8 -14.0
Turnout 66.4
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1922 : Epping[5]

Electorate 40,209

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Richard Beale Colvin 15,300 59.9 -12.7
Liberal Gilbert Granville Sharp 10,228 40.1
Majority 5,072 19.8
Turnout 63.5 +11.1
Unionist hold Swing

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election 1918 Epping[6]

Electorate 38,519

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist
  1. Brig-Gen. Richard Beale Colvin
14,668 72.6
Liberal Arthur Leonard Horner 4,164 20.6
Independent Labour J. Conneley 1,367 6.8
Majority 10,504 52.0
Turnout 52.4
Unionist hold Swing

A # denotes candidate who was endorsed by the Coalition Government.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Report of the Annual Conference of the Labour Party, 1939
  2. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
  3. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
  4. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
  5. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
  6. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.

Sources[edit]

Preceded by
Essex South
UK Parliament constituency
Wanstead, Woodford

1885 – 1945
Succeeded by
Woodford
UK Parliament constituency
Loughton, Buckhurst Hill, Chigwell

1885 – 1950
Succeeded by
Woodford
UK Parliament constituency
Chingford

1885 – 1974
Succeeded by
Chingford
UK Parliament constituency
Harlow

1885 – 1974
Succeeded by
Harlow
UK Parliament constituency
Waltham Abbey, Theydon Bois, Epping

1885 – 1974
Succeeded by
Epping Forest
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Colne Valley
Constituency represented by the Chancellor of the Exchequer
1924–1929
Succeeded by
Colne Valley
Preceded by
Birmingham Edgbaston
Constituency represented by the Prime Minister
1940–1945
Succeeded by
Limehouse