Eppingen

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Eppingen
Historic city center
Historic city center
Coat of arms of Eppingen
Coat of arms
Eppingen   is located in Germany
Eppingen
Eppingen
Coordinates: 49°8′N 8°55′E / 49.133°N 8.917°E / 49.133; 8.917Coordinates: 49°8′N 8°55′E / 49.133°N 8.917°E / 49.133; 8.917
Country Germany
State Baden-Württemberg
Admin. region Stuttgart
District Heilbronn
Subdivisions 7
Government
 • Lord Mayor Klaus Holaschke
Area
 • Total 88.59 km2 (34.20 sq mi)
Elevation 199 m (653 ft)
Population (2012-12-31)[1]
 • Total 20,769
 • Density 230/km2 (610/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 75031
Dialling codes 07262, 07260, 07138
Vehicle registration HN
Website www.eppingen.de

About this sound Eppingen   is a town in the district of Heilbronn in Baden-Württemberg in southern Germany. The town has the second-largest population in the district.

Eppingen lies in the Kraichgau, a hilly region in southwestern Germany, close to the confluence of the Elsenz and Hilsbach Rivers.

History[edit]

Eppingen was first mentioned in 985 when Otto III gave the settlement to the diocese of Worms. The ending "-ingen" was common for towns colonised by the Alamanni clan in the 3rd and 4th centuries.

Eppingen was owned by Salier in the 11th century, and by the Staufer in the 12th century. In 1188, it became a fortified village and, in 1192, a town, elevated by Heinrich VI. The town was distrained several times in the 14th century, but never lost the status of a town. After the win of the Electorate of the Palatinate over margraviate Baden in 1435, it finally became a part of the Electorate of the Palatinate but was once more distrained to the knights of Gemmingen, from 1469 to approximately 1520. In the 15th and 16th centuries, Eppingen underwent an economic boom during which its Latin school was first mentioned (1421). In a time of the plague a part of the Heidelberg University moved to the Latin school in 1496.

During the Palatinate wars of succession, Eppingen functioned as the main storage facility for the German army. From 1695 to 1697, the Eppinger "Linien" (Eppingen lines of defence) were built. They served as large defending walls against French raids at that time. One watchtower, called the Chartaque, is still accessible. Eppingen was affiliated to Baden in 1803. It maintained the second oldest school of agriculture in Baden. At the end of the 19th century, Eppingen was connected to the railway network; the Kraichgau Railway was opened to Karlsruhe in 1879 and to Heilbronn in 1880 and the Steinsfurt–Eppingen railway, which connected to Heidelberg, was opened in 1899.

During 1971 and 1972, Eppingen annexed the six surrounding communities of Adelshofen, Elsenz, Richen, Rohrbach am Gießhübel, Kleingartach and Mühlbach. In 2000, Eppingen's population exceeded 20,000; and it attained the status of a district town in 2002.

Population Change[edit]

Year Population
1778 1.570
1809 2.320
1825 2.750
1852 3.266
1871 3.337
1880 ¹ 3.621
1890 ¹ 3.546
1900 ¹ 3.467
1910 ¹ 3.402
1919 ¹ 3.372
1925 ¹ 3.389
1933 ¹ 3.506
Year Population
1939 ¹ 3.416
1945 3.863
1950 ¹ 4.891
1961 ¹ 5.501
1970 ¹ 6.708
1975 14.870
1980 14.833
1987 ¹ 15.462
1990 16.418
1995 18.688
2000 20.257
2004 21.017

Mayors[edit]

  • 1808-1813: Heinrich Jakob Raußmüller
  • 1813-1816: Carl Morano
  • 1816-1831: Ludwig Lother
  • 1831-1844: Friedrich Hochstetter
  • 1844-1847: Johann Ludwig Raußmüller
  • 1847-1859: Wilhelm Lother
  • 1859-1866: Gustav Hochstetter
  • 1866-1870: Ludwig Lother
  • 1870-1878: Heinrich Raußmüller
  • 1878-1890: Paul Bentel
  • 1890-1894: Heinrich Schmelcher
  • 1894-1903: Philipp Vielhauer
  • 1903-1933: Albert Wirth
  • 1933-1937: Karl Doll
  • 1937-1945: Karl Zutavern
  • 1945-1948: Jakob Dörr
  • 1948-1966: Karl Thomä
  • 1966-1980: Rüdiger Peuckert
  • 1980-2004: Erich Pretz
  • 2004–Present: Klaus Holaschke

Coat of arms[edit]

The arms of Eppingen are: Or, a bend gules, impaling sable, an eagle displayed or, wings elevated, armed gules.[2] The city flag is red-yellow.

Economy and Infrastructure[edit]

see: Dieffenbacher

Transportation[edit]

Eppingen can be reached by A 6 (Mannheim-Heilbronn). Also, the B 293 (Karlsruhe–Heilbronn) goes through to town zone, however it acts as a bypass around the main town area.

Eppingen is on the Kraichgau Railway, and is served by line S4 of the Karlsruhe Stadtbahn running to Karlsruhe and Heilbronn. It is also connected by the Steinsfurt–Eppingen line to Heidelberg, which is served by line S5 of the Rhine-Neckar S-Bahn.

Landmarks[edit]

Pfeifferturm

The Pfeifferturm, a tower built in the 13th century, serves as the town's landmark. The "Old University" (German: Alte Universität) was built in 1494 and 1495 in the style of a late medieval store. Its name is a reminder of the year 1564, when a part of Heidelberg University was moved to Eppingen because of the plague. The Baumann House (German: Baumannsche Haus) is one of the prettiest and most famous timbered houses in the entire area of northern Baden. There are many beautiful timbered houses in downtown Eppingen, and because of this the city is a part of the German 'Fachwerkstraße' (German route of the most beautiful timbered houses).

Town partnerships[edit]

Eppingen has official partnerships with:

Sports[edit]

The VfB Eppingen is a local football club.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ [Statistisches Bundesamt – Gemeinden in Deutschland mit Bevölkerung am 31.12.2012 (XLS-Datei; 4,0 MB) (Einwohnerzahlen auf Grundlage des Zensus 2011) "Gemeinden in Deutschland mit Bevölkerung am 31.12.2012"]. Statistisches Bundesamt (in German). 12 November 2013. 
  2. ^ On a shield divided vertically down the middle, to the left a red diagonal stripe on a gold field, to the right on a black field a gold spread-eagle with red beak and claws. The red bend on a gold background is the arms of Baden
  3. ^ Epping-Eppingen Town Twinning Association

External links[edit]