Epsom Derby

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"The Derby" redirects here. For other uses, see Derby (disambiguation).
Derby Stakes
Group 1 race
Jean Louis Théodore Géricault 001.jpg
The Derby at Epsom, 1821
by Théodore Géricault (1791–1824)
Location Epsom Downs
Epsom, Surrey, England, UK
Inaugurated 1780
Race type Flat / Thoroughbred
Sponsor Investec
Website Epsom Downs
Race information
Distance 1m 4f 10y (2,423 m)
Surface Turf
Track Left-handed
Qualification Three-year-olds
excluding geldings
Weight 9 st 0 lb
Allowances
3 lb for fillies
Purse £1,325,000 (2012)
1st: £751,407.50
Derby, the Paddock (1892)
Isinglass wins the Derby (1893)

The Derby Stakes, popularly known as The Derby, In the United States as the Epsom Derby, and under its present sponsor as the Investec Derby, is a Group 1 flat horse race in England open to three-year-old thoroughbred colts and fillies. It is run at Epsom Downs in Surrey over a distance of one mile, four furlongs and 10 yards (2,423 metres), and is scheduled for early June each year.[1]

It is Britain's richest horse race, and the most prestigious of the country's five Classics. It is sometimes referred to as the "Blue Riband" of the turf. The race serves as the middle leg of the Triple Crown, preceded by the 2,000 Guineas and followed by the St Leger, although the feat of winning all three is now rarely attempted. The name "Derby" has become synonymous with great races all over the world, and as such has been borrowed many times, notably by the Kentucky Derby. However, the Epsom Derby is the original. It is one of Britain's great national events transcending its own field of interest, and has a huge world-wide TV audience.

In Great Britain the name "Derby" is pronounced /ˈdɑrbi/, while in the United States it is /ˈdɜrbi/, a case of spelling pronunciation.

History[edit]

The Derby originated at a celebration following the first running of the Oaks Stakes in 1779. A new race was planned, and it was decided that it should be named after either the host of the party, the 12th Earl of Derby, or one of his guests, Sir Charles Bunbury. According to legend the decision was made by the toss of a coin, but it is probable that Bunbury, the Steward of the Jockey Club, deferred to his host.[2] The inaugural running of the Derby was held on Thursday 4 May 1780. It was won by Diomed, a colt owned by Sir Charles Bunbury, who collected prize money of £1,065 15s. The first four runnings were contested over 1 mile, but this was amended to the current distance of 1½ miles in 1784. Lord Derby achieved his first success in the event in 1787, with a horse called Sir Peter Teazle.The Derby had previously been run in a more informal manner for many years during the 16th and 17th centuries on the sands at Leasowe, Wallasey, (now Merseyside) which was close to Lord Derby's estate in Knowsley.

The starting point of the race was moved twice during the 19th century. The first move, suggested by Lord George Bentinck, was in 1848, and the second was in 1872. It was discovered in 1991 that the exact length of the race was one mile, four furlongs and 10 yards.[1]

Initially the Derby was run on a Thursday in late May or early June depending on when Easter occurred. In 1838 the race was moved to a Wednesday to fit in with the railways's time tables, but was still run on different dates depending on Easter. In the 20th century, the race was run on the first Wednesday in June from 1900 until 1995 apart from: 1915 to 1918, (during the First World War) when it was on a Tuesday; during the Second World War, from 1942 until 1945 the race was run on a Saturday as it was in the post war years of 1947 to 1950 and again in 1953.[1] In 1995 the day was changed from the first Wednesday in June to the first Saturday,[3] and since then all the races have taken place on that day.

The Derby has been run at Epsom in all years except during the world wars. From 1915 to 1918 and from 1940 to 1945 the Derby was run at Newmarket. These races are known as the 'New Derby'.

The Derby has inspired many similar events around the world. European variations include the Derby Italiano, the Deutsches Derby, the Irish Derby and the Prix du Jockey Club (popularly known in the British Isles as the "French Derby"). Other national equivalents include the Australian Derby, the New Zealand Derby and the Tokyo Yūshun. Several races in the United States include the "Derby" name, including the Kentucky Derby.

Sponsorship[edit]

Investec Bank became the sponsor of the Derby in 2009, and the current sponsorship deal runs until 2022.[4] The race was previously backed by Ever Ready (1984–94) and Vodafone (1995–2008).[5]

Epsom Fair[edit]

For many years the Derby was run on a Wednesday or a Thursday and on the day huge crowds would come from London, not only to see the race but to enjoy other entertainment (during some of the 19th century and most of the 20th Parliament would adjourn to allow members to attend the meeting).[3][6][7]

By the time that Charles Dickens visited Epsom Downs to view the race in the 1850s, entertainers such as musicians, clowns and conjurers plied their trades and entertained the crowds while others provided other forms of entertainment such as coconut stalls.[8] The crowded meeting was the subject of a painting by William Powell Frith painted in the 1858 and titled The Derby Day, critics have pointed out that the foreground of the painting shows some of the other reasons the crowds came to see the Derby while the racing is relegated to the margins.[9]

In the 1870s, the steam-driven rides were introduced and they were located at the Tattenham Corner end of the grounds and the fair was on for ten days and entertained hundreds of thousands.[8] During the latter half of the 20th century Derby Day became less popular and the race was moved from Wednesday to Saturday in 1995 the hope of reviving the numbers who came to see it.[3] As the number of people attending the fair dwindled its length was reduced from 10 days down to three or four, and in 2009 the fairground was closed to allow the space to be used for other purposes such as car parking.[8]

Popular culture[edit]

Epsom Derby
2014
Emerald green, black chevrons on sleeves Light blue, dark blue hoop, sleeves and cap Owner H R H Princess Haya of Jordan.svg
Australia Kingston Hill Romsdal

Records[edit]

Leading jockey (9 wins):

  • Lester PiggottNever Say Die (1954), Crepello (1957), St. Paddy (1960), Sir Ivor (1968), Nijinsky (1970), Roberto (1972), Empery (1976), The Minstrel (1977), Teenoso (1983)

Leading trainer (7 wins):

  • Robert RobsonWaxy (1793), Tyrant (1802), Pope (1809), Whalebone (1810), Whisker (1815), Azor (1817), Emilius (1823)
  • John PorterBlue Gown (1868), Shotover (1882), St. Blaise (1883), Ormonde (1886), Sainfoin (1890), Common (1891), Flying Fox (1899)
  • Fred DarlingCaptain Cuttle (1922), Manna (1925), Coronach (1926), Cameronian (1931), Bois Roussel (1938), Pont l'Eveque (1940), Owen Tudor (1941)

Leading owner (6 wins): (includes part ownership)

  • Sue Magnier - Galileo (2001), High Chaparral (2002), Pour Moi (2011), Camelot (2012), Ruler Of The World (2013), Australia (2014)
  • Michael Tabor - Galileo (2001), High Chaparral (2002), Pour Moi (2011), Camelot (2012), Ruler Of The World (2013), Australia (2014)


Dams of two winners:

  • Fastest winning time (at Epsom) – 2m 31.33s, Workforce (2010)
  • Widest winning margin – 10 lengths, Shergar (1981)
  • Longest odds winners – Jeddah (1898), Signorinetta (1908), Aboyeur (1913), 100/1
  • Shortest odds winner – Ladas (1894), 2/9
  • Most runners – 34 (1862)
  • Fewest runners – 4 (1794)

Winners[edit]

Year
Winner
Jockey
Trainer
Owner
Dist. [a]
Time
1780 Diomed Sam Arnull R. Teasdale Sir Charles Bunbury
1781 Young Eclipse Charles Hindley Dennis O'Kelly
1782 Assassin Sam Arnull Frank Neale 3rd Earl of Egremont
1783 Saltram Charles Hindley Frank Neale John Parker
1784 Serjeant John Arnull Dennis O'Kelly
1785 Aimwell Charles Hindley John Pratt 1st Earl of Clermont
1786 Noble J. White Frank Neale Tommy Panton
1787 Sir Peter Teazle Sam Arnull Saunders 12th Earl of Derby
1788 Sir Thomas William South Frank Neale HRH Prince of Wales
1789 Skyscraper Sam Chifney Matt Stephenson 5th Duke of Bedford
1790 Rhadamanthus John Arnull John Pratt 1st Earl Grosvenor
1791 Eager Matt Stephenson Matt Stephenson 5th Duke of Bedford
1792 John Bull Frank Buckle John Pratt 1st Earl Grosvenor
1793 Waxy Bill Clift Robert Robson Sir Ferdinand Poole
1794 Daedalus Frank Buckle John Pratt 1st Earl Grosvenor
1795 Spread Eagle Anthony Wheatley Richard Prince Sir Frank Standish
1796 Didelot John Arnull Richard Prince Sir Frank Standish
1797 Colt by Fidget John Singleton, Jr. Matt Stephenson 5th Duke of Bedford
1798 Sir Harry Sam Arnull Frank Neale Joseph Cookson
1799 Archduke John Arnull Richard Prince Sir Frank Standish
1800 Champion Bill Clift Tom Perren Christopher Wilson
1801 Eleanor John Saunders J. Frost Sir Charles Bunbury
1802 Tyrant Frank Buckle Robert Robson 3rd Duke of Grafton
1803 Ditto Bill Clift John Lonsdale Sir Hedworth Williamson
1804 Hannibal Bill Arnull Frank Neale 3rd Earl of Egremont
1805 Cardinal Beaufort Dennis Fitzpatrick Dixon Boyce 3rd Earl of Egremont
1806 Paris John Shepherd Richard Prince 3rd Baron Foley
1807 Election John Arnull Dixon Boyce 3rd Earl of Egremont
1808 Pan Frank Collinson John Lonsdale Sir Hedworth Williamson
1809 Pope Tom Goodisson Robert Robson 3rd Duke of Grafton 00.25 nk
1810 Whalebone Bill Clift Robert Robson 3rd Duke of Grafton
1811 Phantom Frank Buckle James Edwards Sir John Shelley
1812 Octavius Bill Arnull Dixon Boyce Robert Ladbroke
1813 Smolensko Tom Goodisson Crouch Sir Charles Bunbury
1814 Blucher Bill Arnull Dixon Boyce 2nd Baron Stawell
1815 Whisker Tom Goodisson Robert Robson 4th Duke of Grafton
1816 Prince Leopold Will Wheatley William Butler HRH Duke of York
1817 Azor Jem Robinson Robert Robson John Payne
1818 Sam Sam Chifney, Jr. William Chifney Thomas Thornhill
1819 Tiresias Bill Clift Richard Prince 4th Duke of Portland
1820 Sailor Sam Chifney, Jr. William Chifney Thomas Thornhill
1821 Gustavus Sam Day Crouch John Hunter
1822 Moses Tom Goodisson William Butler HRH Duke of York
1823 Emilius Frank Buckle Robert Robson John Udny
1824 Cedric Jem Robinson James Edwards Sir John Shelley
1825 Middleton Jem Robinson James Edwards 5th Earl of Jersey
1826 Lap-dog George Dockeray R. Stephenson 3rd Earl of Egremont
1827 Mameluke Jem Robinson James Edwards 5th Earl of Jersey
1828 Cadland [b] Jem Robinson Dixon Boyce 5th Duke of Rutland 00 dh
1829 Frederick John Forth John Forth William Gratwicke
1830 Priam Sam Day William Chifney William Chifney
1831 Spaniel Will Wheatley J. Rogers Viscount Lowther
1832 St. Giles Bill Scott J. Webb Robert Ridsdale
1833 Dangerous Jem Chapple Isaac Sadler Isaac Sadler
1834 Plenipotentiary Patrick Conolly George Payne Stanlake Batson
1835 Mündig Bill Scott John Scott John Bowes
1836 Bay Middleton Jem Robinson James Edwards 5th Earl of Jersey 02 2
1837 Phosphorus George Edwards John Doe Lord Berners
1838 Amato Jem Chapple Ralph Sherwood Sir Gilbert Heathcote
1839 Bloomsbury Sim Templeman William Ridsdale William Ridsdale
1840 Little Wonder William Macdonald John Forth David Robertson
1841 Coronation Patrick Conolly Ben Painter Abraham Rawlinson
1842 Attila Bill Scott John Scott George Anson
1843 Cotherstone Bill Scott John Scott John Bowes 02 2
1844 Orlando [c] Nat Flatman W. Cooper Jonathan Peel
1845 The Merry Monarch Foster Bell John Forth William Gratwicke
1846 Pyrrhus The First Sam Day John Day John Gully 175 2:55
1847 Cossack Sim Templeman John Day T. H. Pedley 172 2:52
1848 Surplice Sim Templeman John Kent, Jr. 3rd Viscount Clifden 168 2:48
1849 The Flying Dutchman Charlie Marlow John Fobert 13th Earl of Eglinton 00.1875 snk 180 3:00
1850 Voltigeur Job Marson Robert Hill 2nd Earl of Zetland 170 2:50
1851 Teddington Job Marson Alec Taylor, Sr. Sir Joseph Hawley 02 2 171 2:51
1852 Daniel O'Rourke Frank Butler John Scott John Bowes 182 3:02
1853 West Australian Frank Butler John Scott John Bowes 00.25 nk 175 2:55
1854 Andover Alfred Day John Day John Gully 01 1 172 2:52
1855 Wild Dayrell Robert Sherwood John Rickaby Francis Popham 174 2:54
1856 Ellington Tom Aldcroft Tom Dawson Octavius Vernon Harcourt 01 1 184 3:04
1857 Blink Bonny Jack Charlton William I'Anson William I'Anson 00.25 nk 165 2:45
1858 Beadsman John Wells George Manning Sir Joseph Hawley 174 2:54
1859 Musjid John Wells George Manning Sir Joseph Hawley 179 2:59
1860 Thormanby Harry Custance Mathew Dawson James Merry 01.5 175 2:55
1861 Kettledrum Ralph Bullock G. Oates Charles Towneley 165 2:45
1862 Caractacus John Parsons Robert Smith Charles Snewing 165 2:45
1863 Macaroni Tom Chaloner James Godding Richard Naylor 170 2:50
1864 Blair Athol Jim Snowden William I'Anson William I'Anson 163 2:43
1865 Gladiateur Harry Grimshaw Tom Jennings, Sr. Frédéric de Lagrange 02 2 166 2:46
1866 Lord Lyon Harry Custance James Dover Richard Sutton 170 2:50
1867 Hermit John Daley G. Bloss Henry Chaplin 00.25 nk 162 2:42
1868 Blue Gown John Wells John Porter Sir Joseph Hawley 00.5 ½ 163 2:43
1869 Pretender John Osborne, Jr. Tom Dawson John Johnstone 00.0625 shd 172 2:52
1870 Kingcraft Tom French Mathew Dawson 6th Viscount Falmouth 04 4 165 2:45
1871 Favonius Tom French Joseph Hayhoe Mayer A. de Rothschild 01.5 170 2:50
1872 Cremorne Charlie Maidment William Gilbert Henry Savile 00.125 hd 165 2:45
1873 Doncaster Fred Webb Robert Peck James Merry 170 2:50
1874 George Frederick Harry Custance Tom Leader W. S. Cartwright 02 2 166 2:46
1875 Galopin Jack Morris John Dawson Gusztáv Batthyány 01 1 168 2:48
1876 Kisber Charlie Maidment Joseph Hayhoe Alexander Baltazzi 05 5 164 2:44
1877 Silvio Fred Archer Mathew Dawson 6th Viscount Falmouth 00.5 ½ 170 2:50
1878 Sefton Harry Constable Alec Taylor, Sr. William Stirling Crawfurd 01.5 176 2:56
1879 Sir Bevys George Fordham Joseph Hayhoe Lionel de Rothschild 00.75 ¾ 182 3:02
1880 Bend Or Fred Archer Robert Peck 1st Duke of Westminster 00.125 hd 166 2:46
1881 Iroquois Fred Archer Jacob Pincus Pierre Lorillard IV 00.25 nk 170 2:50
1882 Shotover Tom Cannon, Sr. John Porter 1st Duke of Westminster 00.75 ¾ 165 2:45
1883 St. Blaise Charles Wood John Porter Sir Frederick Johnstone 00.125 hd 168 2:48
1884
(dh)
Harvester
St. Gatien
Sam Loates
Charles Wood
James Jewitt
Robert Sherwood
Sir J. Willoughby
Jack Hammond
00 dh 166 2:46
1885 Melton Fred Archer Mathew Dawson 20th Baron Hastings 00.125 hd 164 2:44
1886 Ormonde Fred Archer John Porter 1st Duke of Westminster 01.5 165 2:45.6
1887 Merry Hampton John Watts Martin Gurry George Alexander Baird 04. 4 163 2:43
1888 Ayrshire Fred Barrett George Dawson 6th Duke of Portland 02 2' 163 2:43
1889 Donovan Tommy Loates George Dawson 6th Duke of Portland 01.50 164 2:44
1890 Sainfoin John Watts John Porter James Miller 00.75 ¾ 169 2:49
1891 Common George Barrett John Porter Sir Frederick Johnstone 02 2 176 2:56
1892 Sir Hugo Fred Allsopp Tom Wadlow 3rd Earl of Bradford 00.75 ¾ 164 2:44
1893 Isinglass Tommy Loates James Jewitt Harry McCalmont 01.5 163 2:43
1894 Ladas John Watts Mathew Dawson 5th Earl of Rosebery 01.5 165 2:45
1895 Sir Visto Sam Loates Mathew Dawson 5th Earl of Rosebery 00.75 ¾ 163 2:43
1896 Persimmon John Watts Richard Marsh HRH Prince of Wales 00.25 nk 162 2:42
1897 Galtee More Charles Wood Sam Darling John Gubbins 02 2 164 2:44
1898 Jeddah Otto Madden Richard Marsh James Larnach 00.75 ¾ 167 2:47
1899 Flying Fox Morny Cannon John Porter 1st Duke of Westminster 02 2 162 2:42
1900 Diamond Jubilee Herbert Jones Richard Marsh HRH Prince of Wales 00.5 ½ 162 2:42
1901 Volodyovski Lester Reiff John Huggins William C. Whitney 00.75 ¾ 160.8 2:40.8
1902 Ard Patrick Skeets Martin Sam Darling John Gubbins 03 3 162.2 2:42.2
1903 Rock Sand Danny Maher George Blackwell James Miller 02 2 162.8 2:42.8
1904 St. Amant Kempton Cannon Alfred Hayhoe Leopold de Rothschild 03 3 165.4 2:45.4
1905 Cicero Danny Maher Percy Peck 5th Earl of Rosebery 00.75 ¾ 159.8 2:39.6
1906 Spearmint Danny Maher Peter Gilpin Major Eustace Loder 01.50 156.8 2:36.8
1907 Orby John Reiff Fred McCabe Richard Croker 02 2 164 2:44
1908 Signorinetta Billy Bullock Edoardo Ginistrelli Edoardo Ginistrelli 02 2 159.8 2:39.8
1909 Minoru Herbert Jones Richard Marsh King Edward VII 00.0625 shd 162.7 2:42.7
1910 Lemberg Bernard Dillon Alec Taylor, Jr. Alfred Cox 00.25 nk 155.2 2:35.2
1911 Sunstar George Stern Charles Morton Jack Barnato Joel 02 2 156.8 2:36.8
1912 Tagalie John Reiff Dawson Waugh Walter Raphael 04 4 158.8 2:38.8
1913 Aboyeur [d] Edwin Piper Tom Lewis Alan Cunliffe 00.25 nk 157.6 2:37.6
1914 Durbar Matt MacGee Tom Murphy Herman Duryea 03 3 158.4 2:38.4
1915 Pommern Steve Donoghue Charles Peck Solomon Joel 02 2 152.6 2:32.6
1916 Fifinella Joe Childs Dick Dawson Sir Edward Hulton 00.25 nk 156.6 2:36.6
1917 Gay Crusader Steve Donoghue Alec Taylor, Jr. Alfred Cox 04 4 160.6 2:40.6
1918 Gainsborough Joe Childs Alec Taylor, Jr. Lady James Douglas 01.5 153.2 2:33.2
1919 Grand Parade Fred Templeman Frank Barling 1st Baron Glanely 00.5 ½ 155.8 2:35.8
1920 Spion Kop Frank O'Neill Peter Gilpin Giles Loder 02 2 154.8 2:34.8
1921 Humorist Steve Donoghue Charles Morton Jack Barnato Joel 00.25 nk 156.2 2:36.2
1922 Captain Cuttle Steve Donoghue Fred Darling 1st Baron Woolavington 04 4 154.6 2:34.6
1923 Papyrus Steve Donoghue Basil Jarvis Ben Irish 01 1 158 2:38
1924 Sansovino Tommy Weston George Lambton 17th Earl of Derby 06 6 166 2:46
1925 Manna Steve Donoghue Fred Darling Henry E. Morriss 08 8 160.6 2:40.6
1926 Coronach Joe Childs Fred Darling 1st Baron Woolavington 05 5 167.8 2:47.8
1927 Call Boy Charlie Elliott John E. Watts Frank Curzon 02 2 154.4 2:34.4
1928 Felstead Harry Wragg Ossie Bell Sir Hugo Cunliffe-Owen 01.5 154.8 2:34.8
1929 Trigo Joe Marshall Dick Dawson William Barnett 01.5 156.4 2:36.4
1930 Blenheim Harry Wragg Dick Dawson HH Aga Khan III 01 1 158.2 2:38.2
1931 Cameronian Freddie Fox Fred Darling Arthur Dewar 00.75 ¾ 156.6 2:36.6
1932 April the Fifth Fred Lane Tom Walls Tom Walls 00.75 ¾ 163.2 2:43.2
1933 Hyperion Tommy Weston George Lambton 17th Earl of Derby 04 4 154 2:34
1934 Windsor Lad Charles Smirke Marcus Marsh Maharaja of Rajpipla 01 1 154 2:34
1935 Bahram Freddie Fox Frank Butters HH Aga Khan III 02 2 156 2:36
1936 Mahmoud Charles Smirke Frank Butters HH Aga Khan III 03 3 153.8 2:33.8
1937 Mid-day Sun Michael Beary Fred Butters Lettice Mary Miller 01.5 157.6 2:37.6
1938 Bois Roussel Charlie Elliott Fred Darling Peter Beatty 04 4 159.2 2:39.2
1939 Blue Peter Eph Smith Jack Jarvis 6th Earl of Rosebery 04 4 156.8 2:36.8
1940 Pont l'Eveque Sam Wragg Fred Darling Fred Darling 03 3 150.8 2:30.8
1941 Owen Tudor Billy Nevett Fred Darling C. Macdonald-Buchanan 01.5 152 2:32
1942 Watling Street Harry Wragg Walter Earl 17th Earl of Derby 00.25 nk 149.6 2:29.6
1943 Straight Deal Tommy Carey Walter Nightingall Dorothy Paget 00.125 hd 150.4 2:30.4
1944 Ocean Swell Billy Nevett Jack Jarvis 6th Earl of Rosebery 00.25 nk 151 2:31
1945 Dante Billy Nevett Matthew Peacock Sir Eric Ohlson 02 2 146.6 2:26.6
1946 Airborne Tommy Lowrey Dick Perryman John E. Ferguson 01 1 154.6 2:44.6
1947 Pearl Diver Georges Bridgland Percy Carter Baron Geoffroy de Waldner 04 4 158.4 2:38.4
1948 My Love Rae Johnstone Richard Carver HH Aga Khan III / Volterra 01.5 160 2:40
1949 Nimbus Charlie Elliott George Colling Marion Glenister 00.125 hd 162 2:42
1950 Galcador Rae Johnstone Charles Semblat Marcel Boussac 00.125 hd 156.8 2:36.8
1951 Arctic Prince Chuck Spares Willie Stephenson Joseph McGrath 06 6 159.4 2:39.4
1952 Tulyar Charles Smirke Marcus Marsh HH Aga Khan III 00.75 ¾ 156.4 2:36.4
1953 Pinza Sir Gordon Richards Norman Bertie Sir Victor Sassoon 04 4 155.6 2:35.6
1954 Never Say Die Lester Piggott Joseph Lawson Robert Sterling Clark 02 2 155.8 2:35.8
1955 Phil Drake Freddie Palmer François Mathet Suzy Volterra 02 2 159.8 2:39.8
1956 Lavandin Rae Johnstone Alec Head Pierre Wertheimer 00.25 nk 156.4 2:36.4
1957 Crepello Lester Piggott Noel Murless Sir Victor Sassoon 01.5 155.4 2:35.4
1958 Hard Ridden Charles Smirke Mick Rogers Sir Victor Sassoon 05 5 161.2 2:41.2
1959 Parthia Harry Carr Cecil Boyd-Rochfort Sir Humphrey de Trafford 01.5 156.0 2:36.0
1960 St. Paddy Lester Piggott Noel Murless Sir Victor Sassoon 03 3 155.8 2:35.8
1961 Psidium Roger Poincelet Harry Wragg Etti Plesch 02 2 156.4 2:36.4
1962 Larkspur Neville Sellwood Vincent O'Brien Raymond R. Guest 02 2 157.6 2:37.6
1963 Relko Yves Saint-Martin François Mathet François Dupré 06 6 159.4 2:39.4
1964 Santa Claus Scobie Breasley Mick Rogers John Ismay 01 1 161.98 2:41.98
1965 Sea Bird Pat Glennon Etienne Pollet Jean Ternynck 02 2 158.41 2:38.41
1966 Charlottown Scobie Breasley Gordon Smyth Lady Zia Wernher 00.25 nk 157.63 2:37.63
1967 Royal Palace George Moore Noel Murless Jim Joel 02.5 158.36 2:38.36
1968 Sir Ivor Lester Piggott Vincent O'Brien Raymond R. Guest 01.5 158.73 2:38.73
1969 Blakeney Ernie Johnson Arthur Budgett Arthur Budgett 01 1 160.30 2:40.30
1970 Nijinsky Lester Piggott Vincent O'Brien Charles W. Engelhard, Jr. 02.5 154.68 2:34.68
1971 Mill Reef Geoff Lewis Ian Balding Paul Mellon 02 2 157.14 2:37.14
1972 Roberto Lester Piggott Vincent O'Brien John W. Galbreath 00.0625 shd 156.09 2:36.09
1973 Morston Edward Hide Arthur Budgett Arthur Budgett 00.5 ½ 155.92 2:35.92
1974 Snow Knight Brian Taylor Peter Nelson Sharon Phillips 02 2 155.04 2:35.04
1975 Grundy Pat Eddery Peter Walwyn Carlo Vittadini 03 3 155.35 2:35.35
1976 Empery Lester Piggott Maurice Zilber Nelson Bunker Hunt 03 3 155.69 2:35.69
1977 The Minstrel Lester Piggott Vincent O'Brien Robert Sangster 00.25 nk 156.44 2:36.44
1978 Shirley Heights Greville Starkey John Dunlop 2nd Earl of Halifax 00.125 hd 155.30 2:35.30
1979 Troy Willie Carson Dick Hern Sobell / Weinstock 07 7 156.59 2:36.59
1980 Henbit Willie Carson Dick Hern Etti Plesch 00.5 ½ 154.77 2:34.77
1981 Shergar Walter Swinburn Michael Stoute HH Aga Khan IV 10 10 164.21 2:44.21
1982 Golden Fleece Pat Eddery Vincent O'Brien Robert Sangster 03 3 154.27 2:34.27
1983 Teenoso Lester Piggott Geoff Wragg Eric Moller 03 3 169.07 2:49.07
1984 Secreto Christy Roche David O'Brien Luigi Miglietti 00.0625 shd 159.12 2:39.12
1985 Slip Anchor Steve Cauthen Henry Cecil Lord Howard de Walden 07 7 156.23 2:36.23
1986 Shahrastani Walter Swinburn Michael Stoute HH Aga Khan IV 00.5 ½ 157.13 2:37.13
1987 Reference Point Steve Cauthen Henry Cecil Louis Freedman 01.5 153.90 2:33.90
1988 Kahyasi Ray Cochrane Luca Cumani HH Aga Khan IV 01.5 153.84 2:33.84
1989 Nashwan Willie Carson Dick Hern Hamdan Al Maktoum 05 5 154.90 2:34.90
1990 Quest for Fame Pat Eddery Roger Charlton Khalid Abdullah 03 3 157.26 2:37.26
1991 Generous Alan Munro Paul Cole Prince Fahd bin Salman 05 5 154.00 2:34.00
1992 Dr Devious John Reid Peter Chapple-Hyam Sidney H. Craig 02 2 156.19 2:36.19
1993 Commander in Chief Michael Kinane Henry Cecil Khalid Abdullah 03.5 154.51 2:34.51
1994 Erhaab Willie Carson John Dunlop Hamdan Al Maktoum 01.25 154.16 2:34.16
1995 Lammtarra Walter Swinburn Saeed bin Suroor Saeed bin M. Al Maktoum 01 1 152.31 2:32.31
1996 Shaamit Michael Hills William Haggas Khalifa Dasmal 01.25 155.05 2:35.05
1997 Benny the Dip Willie Ryan John Gosden Landon Knight 00.0625 shd 155.77 2:35.77
1998 High-Rise Olivier Peslier Luca Cumani M. Obaid Al Maktoum 00.125 hd 153.88 2:33.88
1999 Oath Kieren Fallon Henry Cecil The Thoroughbred Corp. 01.75 157.43 2:37.43
2000 Sinndar Johnny Murtagh John Oxx HH Aga Khan IV 01 1 156.75 2:36.75
2001 Galileo Michael Kinane Aidan O'Brien Magnier / Tabor 03.5 153.27 2:33.27
2002 High Chaparral Johnny Murtagh Aidan O'Brien Magnier / Tabor 02 2 159.45 2:39.45
2003 Kris Kin Kieren Fallon Sir Michael Stoute Saeed Suhail 01 1 153.35 2:33.35
2004 North Light Kieren Fallon Sir Michael Stoute Ballymacoll Stud 01.5 153.72 2:33.72
2005 Motivator Johnny Murtagh Michael Bell Royal Ascot Racing Club 05 5 155.69 2:35.69
2006 Sir Percy Martin Dwyer Marcus Tregoning Anthony Pakenham 00.0625 shd 155.23 2:35.23
2007 Authorized Frankie Dettori Peter Chapple-Hyam Al Homaizi / Al Sagar 05 5 154.77 2:34.77
2008 New Approach Kevin Manning Jim Bolger Princess Haya of Jordan 00.5 ½ 156.50 2:36.50
2009 Sea the Stars Michael Kinane John Oxx Christopher Tsui 01.75 156.74 2:36.74
2010 Workforce Ryan Moore Sir Michael Stoute Khalid Abdullah 07 7 151.33 2:31.33
2011 Pour Moi Mickael Barzalona André Fabre Magnier / Tabor / Smith 00.125 hd 154.54 2:34.54
2012 Camelot Joseph O'Brien Aidan O'Brien Smith / Magnier / Tabor / 05 5 153.90 2:33.90
2013 Ruler of the World Ryan Moore Aidan O'Brien Magnier / Tabor / Smith 01.5 159.06 2:39.06
2014 Australia Joseph O'Brien Aidan O'Brien Smith, Magnier, Tabor, Khing 01.25 153.63 2:33.63

a Winning distances are shown in lengths or shorter (dh = dead-heat; shd = short-head; hd = head; snk = short-neck; nk = neck)
b The 1828 race finished as a dead-heat, but Cadland won a run-off against The Colonel by ½ length
c d The 1844 and 1913 winners were awarded victory after the disqualification of the first-placed horse

   Wartime substitute race at Newmarket

Timeline[edit]

Amato, 1838 Derby winner by John Frederick Herring, Sr
  • 1805: One of the horses was brought down by a spectator.
  • 1825: Middleton didn't start before or after winning the Derby.
  • 1838: Amato never raced before or after winning the Derby.
  • 1844: The original winner Running Rein was disqualified as he was actually an ineligible four-year-old horse named Maccabeus.[11]
  • 1881: Iroquois became the first American-bred to win a leg of the British triple crown.
  • 1884: The race finished with a dead-heat between Harvester and St. Gatien.
  • 1887: Merry Hampton is the most recent horse to win the Derby with no previous victories.
  • 1894: The winner was owned by the Prime Minister at the time, the 5th Earl of Rosebery.
  • 1901: The first year in which a mechanical starting gate was used.
  • 1909: Minoru was the first Derby winner owned by a reigning monarch, King Edward VII, who had previously won twice as Prince of Wales.
  • 1913: The 6/4 favourite Craganour, owned by Charles B. Ismay, brother of J. Bruce Ismay of the Titanic, was controversially disqualified, and the race was awarded to the 100/1 outsider Aboyeur. Suffragette Emily Davison was struck by King George V's horse, Anmer, she died four days later.
  • 1916: Fifinella, who also won the Oaks, is the most recent (as of 2012) of six fillies to win the race. The previous five were Eleanor (1801), Blink Bonny (1857), Shotover (1882), Signorinetta (1908), Tagalie (1912).
  • 1921: The winner Humorist died two weeks after the race.
  • 1927: The first Derby to be broadcast by the BBC.
  • 1932: April the Fifth is the most recent winner trained at Epsom.
  • 1946: Airborne is the most recent (as of 2012) of four grey horses to win the Derby.
  • 1953: Pinza was the first winner in the race for the jockey Sir Gordon Richards, after 27 unsuccessful attempts.
  • 1960: Although there had been an experimental TV transmission of the race in the early 1930s, regular television coverage of the Derby began this year, initially on both BBC and ITV.
  • 1989: The runner-up Terimon is the longest-priced horse to finish placed in the Derby, at odds of 500/1.
  • 1996: Alex Greaves became the first lady jockey to ride in the race. She finished last of the 20 runners on the filly Portuguese Lil.
  • 1998: The most recent (as of 2012) filly to take part, the 1,000 Guineas winner Cape Verdi, started as 11/4 favourite but could only finish ninth.
  • 2006: Martin Dwyer's winning ride on Sir Percy subsequently won the Lester Award for "Flat Ride of the Year".
  • 2007: Authorized provided jockey Frankie Dettori with his first winner in the Derby after 14 previous attempts.
  • 2008: Jim Bolger, the trainer of the winner New Approach, had left the horse entered for the race "by mistake", having not initially intended to run.
  • 2010: Workforce broke the Epsom track record winning in the time 2m 31.33s previously held by Lammtarra who set it in 1995 at 2m 32.31s.
  • 2011: Pour Moi Jockey Mickael Barzalona celebrated before the finishline winning by just a head.
  • 2012: Aidan O'Brien and his 19-year-old son Joseph became the first father-son/trainer-jockey combination to win the race.[12] Hayley Turner became the second lady jockey to ride in the race on Cavaleiro. Only nine horses went to post, lowest number since 1907.
  • 2014: Aidan O'Brien became the first person to train three consecutive winners of the race.

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Abelson, Edward; John Tyrrel (1993). The Breedon Book of Horse Racing Records. Breedon Books. pp. 49–56. ISBN 1-873626-15-0. 
  • Randall, John; Tony Morris (1985). Horse Racing: The Records. Guinness Superlatives Ltd. pp. 34–43. ISBN 0-85112-446-1. 

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Morris, Tony; Randall, John (1999). A Century of Champions. Portway Press. ISBN 1-90157015-0. 
  2. ^ "The Epsom Derby uncovered". BBC Sport. 2 June 2001. Retrieved 2 June 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c Telegraph View (3 June 2011). "Epsom Derby: Spirits up on the Downs". The Telegraph. Retrieved 30 June 2012. 
  4. ^ "Investec to sponsor Epsom Derby for decade". Yahoo! News UK. Reuters. 25 April 2012. Retrieved 30 July 2012. 
  5. ^ "Bankers ride to the rescue of Derby". The Independent. 5 May 2009. Retrieved 30 June 2012. 
  6. ^ Malden, Henry Elliot, ed. (1902). The Victoria history of the county of Surrey. Westminster: A. Constable. p. 505. 
  7. ^ "English and Foreign". Otago Witness. 24 July 1880. Retrieved 30 November 2011. 
  8. ^ a b c Crane, Helen (4 June 2009). "Century of tradition lost as Epsom Derby Fair scrapped". Surrey Comet (Newsquest).  (Backup: This is Local London)
  9. ^ Payne, Christiana (July 2001). "A Day at the Races". The Spectacle of Dress in Victorian Painting. Science Museum. 
  10. ^ Racetrack Sires 2009, June/August 2009, p.54
  11. ^ Foulkes, N. (2010). Gentlemen and Blackguards: Gambling Mania and Plot to Steal the Derby of 1844. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. p. ?. ISBN 0297844598. 
  12. ^ Alysen Miller (2 June 2012). "Camelot makes history as Queen watches". CNN. 

External links[edit]