The term equative is used in linguistics to refer to constructions where two entities are equated with each other. For example, the sentence Susan is our president, equates two entities (Susan and our president). In English, equatives are typically expressed using a copular verb such as "be" (although this is not the only use of this verb). Equatives can be contrasted with predicative constructions where one entity is identified as a member of a set (e.g. Susan is a president).
Note that the term equative is also sometimes applied to comparative-like constructions in which the degrees compared are identical rather than distinct: e.g., John is as stupid as he is fat.
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