Equipment of the Iranian Army

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Iranian Army
Structure
Iranian Army Order of Battle
Personnel
List of Iranian field marshals
Rank insignia of the Iranian military
Equipment
Current equipment
History
Military history of Iran
Historical equipment
Imperial Guard

From 1925 to the Iranian Revolution in 1979, Iran was equipped with the very latest Western hardware. Cases exist where Iran was supplied with equipment even before it was made standard in the countries that developed it (for example the US F-14 Tomcat, or the British Chieftain Tank). Primary suppliers included the United States, Britain, France, the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany), Italy, Israel, and the Soviet Union.

The Iran–Iraq War, and post revolutionary sanctions at the time had a dramatic effect on Iran's inventory of western equipment. Under the pressures of war all supplies were quickly exhausted and replacements became increasingly difficult to come by. The war eventually forced Iran to turn towards the Soviet Union, North Korea, Brazil, and China to meet its short term military requirements. Initial developments in every field of military technology were carried out with the technical support of Russia, China, and North Korea to lay the foundations for future industries.

Iranian reliance on these countries has rapidly decreased over the last decade in most sectors where Iran sought to gain total independence; however, in some sectors such as the Aerospace sector and missile technology Iran is still greatly reliant on external help. Iran has developed the capacity to reverse engineer existing foreign hardware, adapt it to its own requirements and then manufacture the finished product. Examples of this are the Boragh and the IAMI Azarakhsh. In an attempt to make its military industries more sustainable Iran has also sought to export its military products.

This page includes weapons used by both Iranian army and Revolutionary Guards ground forces.

Infantry weapons[edit]

Small arms[edit]

Model Type Quantity Acquired Origin Notes
PC-9 ZOAF Semi-automatic pistol Iran 9 mm pistol, unlicenced local production variant of the Swiss SIG Sauer P226.[1]
M1911A1 Semi-automatic pistol USA .45 ACP pistol.[2][3]
MPT-9 Submachine gun Germany/Iran Heckler & Koch MP5 manufactured under licence[4]
Uzi Submachine gun Israel [5]
Nakhjir Sniper rifle USSR/Iran SVD manufactured under license[6]
Siyavash sniper rifle Sniper rifle Iran Domestically produced lightweight sniper weighing 6.5 kg (14 lb) loaded[7]
Steyr HS .50/Sayyad Anti-material rifle Austria/Iran [8]
Shaher Anti-material rifle Iran [9]
Taktab Anti-material rifle Iran [10]
S.5'56 Assault rifle Iran Copy of the Norinco CQ[11]
Arash Anti-material rifle Iran [12][13][14]
KH-2002 Assault rifle Iran Iranian designed 5.56x45 mm bullpup rifle[15]
AKM Assault rifle USSR [16]
Type 56 Assault rifle China Chinese AKM clone
KL-7.62 Assault rifle Iran Iranian copy of the Chinese Type 56 and AKM. Possibly produced under license
H&K G3A6 Battle rifle Germany/Iran Licenced production,[17] main service rifle[16]
MGA3 General purpose machine gun Germany/Iran Licenced production[17]
PKM-T80 General purpose machine gun USSR/Iran Local production[16]
MGD Heavy machine gun USSR/Iran Local production[18]
RPK Light machine gun USSR Local production
Moharram Heavy machine gun Iran Locally-produced 12.7 mm 6-barrelled rotary machine gun.[19]

Small arms Reference 1:[16] Small arms Reference 2:[20] Small arms Reference 3:[21] Small arms Reference 4:[22]

Infantry anti-tank weapons/unguided[edit]

Model Type Quantity Acquired Origin Notes
SPG-9 Recoilless rifle USSR/Iran [23][24]
M40 Recoilless rifle USA/Iran [24]
RPG-7 USSR/Iran [25]
Type 69 RPG China Chinese copy of Russian RPG-7.
Saegheh Iran Improved version of the RPG-7.[26]
RPG-29 USSR [27]

AT Rockets Reference 1:[20] AT Rockets Reference 2:[28] AT Rockets Reference 3:[21] AT Rockets Reference 4:[22]

Anti-tank guided missile[edit]

Model Type Quantity Acquired Origin Notes
Toophan Anti-tank guided missile Iran Reverse engineered of early BGM-71A TOW missile
Toophan 2/2B Anti-tank guided missile Iran Reverse engineered US BGM-71C TOW
Toophan 5 Anti-tank/Anti-helicopter guided missile Iran Upgraded BGM-71C TOW with laser beam riding guidance system.
Saeghe 1/2 Anti-tank guided missile Iran reverse engineered M47 Dragon [29]
9K11 Malyutka/Raad Anti-tank guided missile USSR/Iran manufactured in Iran under name Raad
9K111 Fagot Anti-tank guided missile USSR
9M113 Konkurs Anti-tank guided missile USSR/Iran built as Towsan-1 or M-113 in Iran
9K115-2 Metis-M Anti-tank guided missile Russia/Iran produced under license from Russia
MILAN Anti-tank guided missile France captured during Iran-Iraq War, probably no longer in service
Dehalvie Anti-tank guided missile Iran Iranian copy of Kornet.[30][31]

ATGM Reference 1:[32] ATGM Reference 2:[24] ATGM Reference 3:[28]

Vehicles[edit]

Armored fighting vehicles[edit]

Armored fighting vehicles[24][32]
Model Type Quantity Acquired Notes
Boragh Armored personnel carrier 200 1997
Rakhsh Armored personnel carrier
Sarir Armored personnel carrier IRGC only.
Sayyad Armored fast attack vehicle
M113 Armored personnel carrier 200
BTR-60 Amphibious Armored personnel carrier 150 1966
BMP-2 Infantry fighting vehicle 400 1991–2001 1,500 ordered in 1991 from Russia and 413 were delivered between 1993 and 2001 of which 82 were delivered directly by Russia and 331 were assembled in Iran.[33] 100 were in service in 1995, 140 in 2000 and 400 in 2002, 2005 and 2008.[32] 400 are currently in service.[34]
FV101 Scorpion Combat Vehicle Reconnaissance 80 1997 Tosan is a domestically produced light Tank, based on the FV101 Scorpion
Tosan Tank Light Tank 20 1997
Zulfiqar MBT 3
Zulfiqar MBT 2
Zulfiqar MBT 1
Main Battle Tank 4(prototypes)
-
100
1996–present
Chieftain
Mobarez
Main battle tank ~100 707 Mk-3P and Mk-5P, 125–189 FV-4030-1, 41 ARV and 14 AVLB obtained before the 1979 revolution. Further planned deliveries of the more capable 4030 series were cancelled at that point. 100 in service as of 2005. Upgraded to Mobarez[35]
M60 Patton Main Battle Tank ~150 Some sources claim ~150 M60.[36] Locally modernized as the Samsam.[37]
M47 Patton Main Battle Tank ~50 Some sources claim ~50 M47 locally modernized as the Sabalan.[36]
T-72S Main Battle Tank 480 1994–1999 Iran produced 422 T-72S tanks under licence from Russia from 1993-2001, received 104 T-72M1 tanks from Poland from 1994-1995 and 37 T-72M1 tanks from Belarus starting in 2000 [38]
T-54/55
Type-72Z Safir-74
Main Battle Tank 100 ~200 Type-72Z Safir-74

Other vehicles[edit]

Other Vehicles[citation needed]
Model Type Quantity Acquired Notes
Safir Jeep Multipurpose Military vehicle 3000+ 2008 Yearly production of 5000 vehicles [39][40]
Samandar Light Attack Vehicle [41][42]
Kaviran Multipurpose Military vehicle [43]
Sepehr Utility vehicle [44][45]
Aras Multipurpose Military vehicle [46][47]
Ranger Light Attack Vehicle [48][49]
Neynava Lightweight Truck [9]
Mercedes-Benz L-series truck Truck [50]
Mercedes-Benz Actros Heavy Truck
KrAZ Trucks Heavy Truck [50]

Artillery[edit]

Mortar[edit]

Model Type Quantity Acquired Origin Notes
37mm Marsh Mortar 37mm Mortar Iran
HM 12 60mm Mortar Iran
HM 13 60mm Mortar Iran
HM 14 60mm Mortar Iran
HM 15 81mm Mortar Iran
HM 16 120mm Mortar Iran
Razm Mortar 120mm Mortar Iran [43]
Vafa Mortar 160mm Mortar Iran [46][47]

Mortars Reference 1:[24] Mortars Reference 2:[20]

Towed artillery[edit]

Model Type Quantity Acquired Origin Notes
M101A1 105mm Howitzer 130 USA
2A18M Howitzer 540 Russia/China
Type-54 Howitzer 100 China
M1954/Type 59-1 Howitzer 985 USSR/China In 2002, Iran had 1,100 M-46 in conditional use. By 2012 this number has dropped from 985.
M1955 Howitzer 30 USSR/China
WAC-21 Howitzer 15 China
GHN-45 Howitzer 120 Austria
M-114 Howitzer 70 USA
122mm HM 40 Howitzer Iran
155mm HM 41 Howitzer Iran
FH-77B Howitzer 18
G-5 Howitzer 50 South Africa In 1990, Iran had 50 G-5. Howerver, there is no current information on the condition of these Howitzer.
M-115 Howitzer 20 USA
Type 63 MRL/Fajr 1 MRL 700 1986 Iran/China

Artillery Reference 1:[34]

Self-propelled artillery[edit]

Model Type Quantity Acquired Origin Notes
2S1 Gvozdika Self-propelled howitzer 60 Russia
Raad 1 Self-propelled howitzer 1996 Iran Based on 2S1 Gvozdika
Raad 2 Self-propelled howitzer 1997 Iran Based on M109
M-109 Self-propelled howitzer 180 USA Remanufactured locally as the Hoveyzeh.[51]
M-1978 Self-propelled howitzer 20 North Korea
M-107 Self-propelled howitzer 30 USA
M-110 Self-propelled howitzer 30 USA
Fajr-3 MRLS 10 1994 Iran
Fajr-5 MRLS 1990s Iran
BM-21 Grad MRLS 100 1978 USSR
122mm Hadid/Azrash/Nur MRLS 50 1994 Iran Domestic BM-21 developments?

SPA Reference:[32]

Surface-to-surface missiles[edit]

This refers to ballistic missiles and not battlefield systems. Iran's missile forces are under the command of the Revolutionary Guards, under the army's authority.
Additional information is available at Air Force of the Army of the Guardians of the Islamic Revolution who operate Iran's long-range missiles. Iran was reported to have purchased 18 mobile 3,200-4,000 km Musudan missiles (the extended range version of Soviet R-27 Zyb) in 2005.[52]

Anti ship missiles[edit]

Model Type Quantity Acquired Origin Notes
Kowsar 1/2/3 Anti-ship missile Iran Light ASCM based on Chinese C-701 and TL-10 [53]
Nasr-1 Anti ship missile Iran Light ASCM based on Chinese C-705 and TL-6 [53]
Noor Anti-ship missile Iran ASCM based on Chinese C-801 and C-802
Ra'ad Anti-ship missile Iran Iranian origin Heavy ASCM similar to Chinese C-401[54]
Qader Anti ship missile Iran [55]
Khalij Fars Anti-ship ballistic missile Iran Based on Fateh-110[56][57]
Zafar Anti-ship missile Iran Light ASCM for IRGC navy[58]

Anti ship missiles Reference 1:[24] Anti ship missiles Reference 2:[28]

Battlefield missile systems[edit]

Model Type Quantity Acquired Origin Notes
Tondar-69 Rocket artillery Iran
Oghab Rocket artillery 1985–present Iran
Naze'at Rocket artillery Iran
Zelzal Tactical ballistic missile Iran [59]
Fateh-110 Tactical ballistic missile 2002–present Iran [60]

Battlefield missile systems Reference 1:[32] Battlefield missile systems Reference 2:[28]

Air defence missile systems[edit]

Aircraft[edit]

The Islamic Republic of Iran Army Aviation (IRIAA) is the air arm of the Islamic Republic of Iran Army. It is not known how much of this inventory is actually operational.

A CH-47C Chinook of the Islamic Republic of Iran Army Aviation.
Aircraft Type Versions In service

(Flight Global)[61]

In service

(Global Security[32] and IISS[24])

Notes
Bell 206 JetRanger utility helicopter AB 206A
Shabaviz 2061
3 10 built by Agusta and Panha
Bell 204/205 utility helicopter AB 205A
Shabaviz 2-75
68+ built by Agusta and Panha
Bell 214 medium-lift transport helicopter 214A 50
Mi-17/Mi-171sh medium-lift transport helicopter Mi-17
Mi-171sh
25
Bell AH-1J Sea Cobra attack helicopter AH-1J
Panha 2091
6 50 Model 2091 upgrade by Panha
Toofan attack helicopter
Boeing CH-47 Chinook Heavy-lift transport helicopter CH-47C 15 20 built by Agusta
Dassault Falcon 20 VIP transport Falcon 20E 25 1
Aero Commander utility transport 690 5 4
Fokker F27 Friendship tactical transport F27-400M
F27-600
2 2

Unmanned aerial vehicles[edit]

Model Type Quantity Acquired Origin Notes
Sofreh Mahi Stealth UCAV Iran Under development
Karrar (UCAV) UCAV 2010 Iran [62][63]
Ababil UAV Iran [64]
Mohajer I/II/III/IV UAV Iran [24][65]
Raad 85 UAV Iran Suicide drone[65]
Ra'ad UAV Iran With offensive capabilities[66][67]
Nazir UAV Iran [66][67]
Hod Hod UAV Iran [68]
Saeghe Target Drone Iran [69]
MQM-107 Target Drone USA [63]
Yasir UAV Iran [65][70]

Other equipment[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.pmulcahy.com/pistols/iranian_pistols.htm
  2. ^ Hogg, Ian (1989). Jane's Infantry Weapons 1989-90, 15th Edition. Jane's Information Group. pp. 826–836. ISBN 0-7106-0889-6. 
  3. ^ Jones, Richard (2009). Jane's Infantry Weapons 2009-2010. Jane's Information Group. p. 897. ISBN 0-7106-2869-2. 
  4. ^ http://www.worldpolicy.org/projects/arms/reports/smallarms.htm
  5. ^ Miller, David (2001). The Illustrated Directory of 20th Century Guns. Salamander Books Ltd. ISBN 1-84065-245-4.
  6. ^ name="Jones">Jones, Richard (2009). Jane's Infantry Weapons 2009–2010. Jane's Information Group. p. 897. ISBN 0-7106-2869-2. 
  7. ^ Iran unveils its new home-made Siyavash an ultra light sniper rifle during a military exhibition - Armyrecognition.com, 26 December 2013
  8. ^ http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/1542559/Iraqi-insurgents-using-Austrian-rifles-from-Iran.html
  9. ^ a b http://www.presstv.ir/detail/2012/09/29/264133/iran-unveils-sniper-tactical-vehicle/
  10. ^ http://www.mashreghnews.ir/fa/news/152551/%D8%AA%DA%A9-%D8%AA%DB%8C%D8%B1%D8%A7%D9%86%D8%AF%D8%A7%D8%B2%D9%87%D8%A7%DB%8C-%D8%A7%DB%8C%D8%B1%D8%A7%D9%86%DB%8C-%D8%A7%D8%B2-%D8%AF%D8%B1%D8%A7%DA%AF%D8%A7%D9%86%D9%88%D9%81-%D8%A8%D9%87-%D8%AA%DA%A9%E2%80%8C%D8%AA%D8%A7%D8%A8-%D8%B1%D8%B3%DB%8C%D8%AF%D9%86%D8%AF-%D8%B9%DA%A9%D8%B3
  11. ^ http://world.guns.ru/assault/ch/cq-m311-e.html
  12. ^ http://www.thefirearmblog.com/blog/2013/03/07/irans-new-arash-20mm-shoulder-fired-anti-material-rifle-with-barrett-bors-clone/
  13. ^ http://www.mashreghnews.ir/fa/news/200652/%D9%86%D8%B5%D8%A8-%D9%BE%DB%8C%D8%B4%D8%B1%D9%81%D8%AA%D9%87%E2%80%8C%D8%AA%D8%B1%DB%8C%D9%86-%D8%AF%D9%88%D8%B1%D8%A8%DB%8C%D9%86-%D9%86%D8%B8%D8%A7%D9%85%DB%8C-%D8%AC%D9%87%D8%A7%D9%86-%D8%B1%D9%88%DB%8C-%D8%A7%D8%B3%D9%84%D8%AD%D9%87%E2%80%8C%D9%87%D8%A7%DB%8C-%D8%AA%DA%A9-%D8%AA%DB%8C%D8%B1%D8%A7%D9%86%D8%AF%D8%A7%D8%B2-%D8%A7%DB%8C%D8%B1%D8%A7%D9%86%D8%B9%DA%A9%D8%B3
  14. ^ New home-made Arash 20mm anti-material rifle enters in service with Iranian Army - Armyrecognition.com, 26 December 2013
  15. ^ http://www.mashreghnews.ir/fa/news/210912/%D8%AA%D9%88%D9%84%DB%8C%D8%AF-%D8%A7%D9%86%D8%A8%D9%88%D9%87-%D9%88-%D8%A7%D8%B3%D8%AA%D9%82%D8%A8%D8%A7%D9%84-%D9%86%DB%8C%D8%B1%D9%88%D9%87%D8%A7%DB%8C-%D9%85%D8%B3%D9%84%D8%AD-%D8%A7%D8%B2%D8%B3%D9%84%D8%A7%D8%AD-%D8%AE%DB%8C%D8%A8%D8%B1%D8%AC%D8%B2%D8%A6%DB%8C%D8%A7%D8%AA
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  18. ^ http://world.guns.ru/machine/rus/dshk-dshkm-e.html
  19. ^ Iran to manufacture new Moharram six-barrel 12.7mm Gatling-type machine gun - Armyrecognition.com, 21 April 2014
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  23. ^ http://www.smallarmssurvey.org/fileadmin/docs/Weapons_and_Markets/Tools/Weapons_ID_DB/SAS_weapons-recoilless-guns-SPG9.pdf
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  25. ^ http://www.defenseindustrydaily.com/irans-rpg-surprise-01666/
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  27. ^ http://www.mashreghnews.ir/fa/news/83534
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  30. ^ http://english.farsnews.com/newstext.php?nn=9103085396
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  33. ^ SIPRI Arms Transfers Database
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  37. ^ Iran has unveiled the latest local-made main battle tank named Sabalan - Armyrecognition.com, 21 April 2014
  38. ^ http://armstrade.sipri.org/armstrade/page/trade_register.php
  39. ^ http://khabarkhodro.com/detail.asp?id=32770
  40. ^ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mqEi2faL_eQ
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  43. ^ a b http://www.presstv.com/detail/143929.html
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  45. ^ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0KAXjYqmtx8
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  50. ^ a b http://www.uskowioniran.com/2013/04/iran-military-day-2013-2.html#!/2013/04/iran-military-day-2013-2.html
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  55. ^ http://defense-update.com/20111001_iran-introduces-the-qader-a-locally-produced-c-802-anti-ship-missile.html
  56. ^ http://defense-update.com/20110208_fateh110_eo.html
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  58. ^ http://navaltoday.com/2012/02/08/iran-starts-large-scale-production-of-zafar-short-range-antiship-cruise-missiles/
  59. ^ http://www.globalsecurity.org/wmd/world/iran/zelzal-2.htm
  60. ^ "Fateh A-110". MissileThreat. Retrieved 2013-05-30. 
  61. ^ World Air Forces 2013 - Flightglobal.com, pg 18, December 11, 2012
  62. ^ http://www.aviationnews.eu/2010/08/22/iran-unveils-new-karar-bomber-drone/
  63. ^ a b http://www.engineeringnews.co.za/article/new-iranian-unmanned-warplane-not-a-copy-of-sa-design-except-maybe-for-the-tailplane-2010-09-10
  64. ^ http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/iran/ababil.htm
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External links[edit]