Equipment of the United States Army

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The Equipment of the United States Army can be subdivided into: infantry weapons, vehicles, aircraft, watercraft, and clothing.

Infantry weapons[edit]

Model Image Caliber Type Origin Details
Pistols
M9 M9-pistolet.jpg 9mm Pistol  Italy 92F and 92FS models in service[1][2]
M11 SIG-P228-p1030033.jpg 9mm Pistol   Switzerland To be replaced through the Modular Handgun System program.[3][4]
M1911 M1911A1.png .45 ACP Pistol  United States Limited service
Submachine Gun
MP5 Hkmp5count-terr-wiki.jpg 9x19mm Parabellum Submachine gun  Germany Used in night operations, close quarters, hostage rescue, and escort
Assault Rifles
M16 M16a2-final.png 5.56x45mm NATO Assault rifle  United States Virtually universally phased out in favor of the M4.[5][6]
M4 M4 PEO Soldier.jpg 5.56x45mm NATO Carbine  United States Standard service rifle.[7][8]
M231 FPW M231 1.gif 5.56x45mm NATO Assault rifle  United States Modified M16 for use in the firing ports of the M2 Bradley
Shotguns
500 MILLS PEO Mossberg 590A1.jpg 12-gauge Shotgun  United States
M1014 Benelli m4 2.jpg 12-gauge Shotgun  Italy
M26 MASS PEO M26 MASS Stand-alone.jpg 12-gauge Shotgun  United States
Machine Guns
M249 SAW PEO M249 Para ACOG.jpg 5.56x45mm Light machine gun  United States Belt-fed, but can be used with STANAG magazines[9][10]
M240 PEO M240B Profile.jpg 7.62x51mm NATO General purpose machine gun  United States Belt-fed[11][12]
M60 M60GPMG.jpeg 7.62x51mm NATO General purpose machine gun  United States Belt-fed
Browning M2HB Machine gun M2 1.jpg .50 BMG Heavy machine gun  United States Mounted on vehicles or tripods.[13]
DMRs and Sniper Rifles
M14 M14 afmil.jpg 7.62x51mm NATO, Designated marksman rifle  United States
SDM-R 5.56x45mm NATO, Designated marksman rifle  United States Heavily modified M16-series semi-automatic rifle intended to provide increased accuracy at longer ranges
M110 M110 ECP Left.jpg 7.62x51mm NATO Sniper rifle  United States
M2010 XM2010 November 2010.jpg .300 Winchester Magnum Sniper rifle  United States
M107 M107 1.jpg .50 BMG Anti-materiel rifle, sniper rifle  United States
Grenade-Based Weapons
Mk 19 MK19-02.jpg 40mm Automatic grenade launcher  United States Belt-fed.[14][15]
M203 M203 1.jpg 40mm Grenade launcher  United States Single-shot underbarrel grenade launcher[16][17]
M320 PEO M320 Grenade Launcher.jpg 40mm Grenade launcher  Germany Single-shot underbarrel or stand-alone grenade launcher
M67 M67b.jpg Fragmentation grenade  United States
M18 M18 Grenade.svg Smoke grenade  United States
M8 ANM8 grenade.jpg Smoke grenade  United States
M84 M84 stun grenade.gif Flashbang  United States
Portable Anti-Materiel Weapons
AT4 AT-4Launcher.jpeg 84mm Anti-tank weapon  Sweden
M141 83.5mm Anti-fortification  United States Single-shot shoulder-launched weapon designed to defeat hardened structures. Based on the SMAW
M72 LAW 66 kertasinko 75.JPG 66mm Anti-tank weapon  United States
M3 MAAWS[18] Carl Gustav recoilless rifle.jpg 84x246mm R Anti-tank recoilless rifle  Sweden
BGM-71 TOW Hires 090509-A-4842R-001a.jpg Guided anti-tank missile  United States
FGM-148 Javelin FGM-148 Javelin - ID DM-SD-04-07567.JPEG Fire-and-forget anti-tank missile  United States
FIM-92 Stinger Stinger (dummy) and case.png Anti-aircraft missile  United States

Artillery[edit]

Model Image Caliber Origin Numbers Details
Mortars
M224[19][20] Soldier firing M224 60mm mortar.jpg 60 mm  United States Unknown
M252[21][22] M252 mortar usmc.jpg 81 mm  United Kingdom Unknown
M120[23][24] GIs in Konar Province -b.jpg 120 mm  Israel Unknown
Howitzers
M109 Bae PIM upgrade.jpg 155 mm self-propelled howitzer  United States 1,934, ≈900 active [25]
M198 U.S. Marines in the Persian Gulf War (1991) 001.jpg 155 mm  United States 327
M777 M777 howitzer rear.jpg 155 mm gun-howitzer  United Kingdom 580
M119 US M119 Howitzer.jpg 105 mm howitzer  United Kingdom 392
Rocket Launchers
M270 MLRS 05.jpg  United States 840 + 151 M993s Armored, self-propelled, multiple rocket launcher
M142[26] HIMARS - missile launched.jpg  United States 340 M270 pod mounted on a standard Army Medium Tactical Vehicle (MTV) truck frame
Air Defense
C-RAM C-RAM 3.JPG  United States Trailer-mounted version of the Phalanx CIWS
AN/TWQ-1 Avenger missile.jpg  United States Self-propelled surface-to-air missile system mounted on a HMMWV
MIM-104 Patriot System 2.jpg  United States 1,106, 300–350 active Mobile, long-range surface-to-air missile with anti-ballistic missile capability

Vehicles[edit]

Name Image Origin Quantity Notes
MWV
HMMWV Humvee in difficult terrain.jpg  United States ~150,000 unarmored vehicles
5,000–7,000 armored vehicles
Trucks
M939 Truck
US Marine Corps 030224-M-XT622-034 USMC M923 (6X6) 5-ton cargo truck heads a convoy departing Camp Matilda, Kuwait crop.jpg
 United States ≈32,000 To be replaced by the FMTV
FMTV
Img fmtv.jpg
 United States ≈44,000
HEMTT
HEMTTcarrier1.jpg
 United States 27,400
HETS
HET tractor.jpg
 United States 2,400
Armoured Vehicles
M1 Abrams
Abrams-transparent.png
 United States 1,547 Main battle tank, 4,393 M1A1 and 2,385 M1 in storage
M1120 Series
Stryker ICV front q.jpg
 United States 4,187, 1,500–1,900 active Armored personnel carrier
M113
M1059-Ft-Irwin-19970319.jpg
 United States 13,943; 6,000 active duty Armored personnel carrier
M1117
Fort Irwin National Training Center - M-1117.jpg
 United States 1,836 Armored car
M2 Bradley
1BFV01.jpg
 United States 6,452, ≈2,300 active Infantry fighting vehicle
M3 Bradley
Two M-3 Bradleys.jpg
 United States ≈1,200, 468 active Reconnaissance vehicle
M88 Hercules
M88 Track Recovery Vehicle.jpg
 United States 2,400, 676 Active Duty Armored recovery vehicle
M9
M9ace2.jpg
 United States 447 Combat engineering vehicle
M93 Fox
M93 FOX NBC.jpg
 Germany 128 CBRN defense vehicle
MRAPs
M-ATV Mine resistant ambush protected ATV.jpg  United States ≈5,500 [27]
Caiman MRAP04.jpg  United States
Couger H
Couger HE
Mine resistant ambush protected vehicles.jpg  United States
International MaxxPro International MaxxPro.jpg  United States
RG-31 RG-31.JPG  South Africa 516
RG-33
RG-33L
Defense.gov photo essay 070824-N-2855B-120.jpg  South Africa
Buffalo Buffalo mine-protected vehicle.jpg  United States

Vehicle-mounted weapons[edit]

Aircraft[edit]

The U.S. Army operates some fixed-wing aircraft and many helicopters.[30]

Aircraft Photo Origin Role Version Quantity Note
Fixed-wing Aircraft
C-12 Huron C-12 Huron.png  USA Cargo/Transport C-12C
C-12D
C-12F
17
14
17
Gulfstream C-20 USAF C-20.JPG  USA Cargo/Transport C-20C 4
C-26 Metroliner Metroliner C-26.jpg  USA Cargo/Transport C-26E 11
C-31 Troopship US Army Fokker C-31A Troopship Asuspine.jpg  Netherlands Cargo/Transport C-31A 2
Gulfstream C-37 And-c-37a-89aw.jpg  USA Cargo/Transport C-37A
C-37B
2
1
EO-5 Arl-dash7-N158CL-010515-01.jpg  Canada Reconnaissance EO-5C 5[31] Previously designated as RC-7B
RC-12 Huron Beechcraft RC-12N Huron in flight.jpg  USA Reconnaissance RC-12D
RC-12H
RC-12K
12
6
18
Cessna UC-35 Cessna uc-35a citation 560 ultra v arp.jpg  USA Utility aircraft UC-35A
UC-35B
20
7
Helicopters
AH-6 Little Bird MH-6 Little Bird.jpg  USA Attack helicopter MH/AH-6M 51
AH-64 Apache AH-64D Apache Longbow.jpg  USA Attack helicopter AH-64A
AH-64D
107[32]
619[32][Note 1]
CH-47 Chinook CH-47 2.jpg  USA Cargo helicopter CH-47D
CH-47F
394
48
464 new CH-47F to be delivered
EH-60 Black Hawk UH-60A Black Hawk.jpg  USA Electronic-warfare helicopter EH-60A 64
MH-47 Chinook MH-47.Chinook.jpg  USA Multi-mission helicopter MH-47D
MH-47E
MH-47G
11
23
27
MH-60 Black Hawk MH-60K Black Hawk.jpg  USA Multi-mission helicopter MH-60K
MH-60L
23
35
OH-58 Kiowa OH-58D 2.jpg  USA Observation helicopter OH-58A
OH-58C
OH-58D
150
210
368
A / C models are currently under replacement by UH-72
TH-67 Creek TH-67A Creek.jpg  USA
 Canada
Trainer helicopter TH-67 172
UH-1 Iroquois UH-1H 159th Aviation Regiment US Army in flight 1990.JPEG  USA Utility helicopter UH-1H 875 To be replaced by UH-72
UH-60 Black Hawk Blackhawk.jpg  USA Utility helicopter UH-60A
UH-60L
UH-60M
751
592
100[33]




1227 planned
UH-72 Lakota UH-72 Lakota2.jpg  USA
 Europe
Utility helicopter UH-72A 250 345 planned[34]
STOL
DHC-6 Twin Otter Golden Knights UV-18A.png  Canada Utility STOL aircraft UV-18A 6
Undesignated Foreign Aircraft
Antonov An-26 Antonov.an26.fairford.arp.jpg  USSR Undesignated foreign aircraft 3
Antonov An-2 An-2 on skis.jpg  USSR
 Poland
Undesignated foreign aircraft 1
Mil Mi-24 Mi-24 flown by ATEC at Roving Sands 2000.jpg  USSR Attack helicopter with transport capabilities 1 Acquired from Germany and used for adversary training. Retired to Fort Bliss Old Ironsides Museum.

Notes

  1. ^ One lost on April 19, 2013.Air Forces Monthly. Stamford, Lincolnshire, England: Key Publishing Ltd. June 2013. p. 25. 

Vessels[edit]

The Army still operates several vessels.[35]

Name Image Type Versions Quantity
Watercraft
Spearhead high speed logistics ship US Navy 030127-N-3642E-004 United States Army Vessel (USAV) Theater Support Vessel (TSV-1X) Spearhead.jpg Theater Support Vessel 1
General Frank S. Besson Class LSV-7 SSGT Robert T Kuroda.jpg Logistics Support Vessel 2 8
Stalwart Class USAS Worthy KMRSS.jpg Ocean Surveillance Ship 1
Runnymede Class LCU2000 class landing craft.JPG Landing Craft Utility 35
MGen. Nathanael Greene Class USAV Major General Henry Knox.JPG Large Tug 6

Attire[edit]

Current attire
Name Pattern name(s) Pattern Image Notes
Army Combat Uniform (ACU) Universal Camouflage Pattern
or
MultiCam
ACU Universal Camouflage Pattern.jpg

Multicam pattern.jpg
Army Combat Uniform.jpg Future Force Warrior 2007.jpg The ACU uses a new military camouflage pattern called the Universal Camouflage Pattern (UCP), which blends green, tan, and gray to work effectively in desert, woodland, and urban environments. The color scheme of the Army Combat Uniform is composed of a slate gray, desert sand and foliage green pixel pattern, which becomes darker or lighter depending on exposure to sunlight.

Soldiers operating in Afghanistan are issued an ACU with the more appropriate "MultiCam" pattern.[36]

Army Aircrew Combat Uniform (A2CU) Universal Camouflage Pattern ACU Universal Camouflage Pattern.jpg Army Aircrew Combat Uniform.jpg A2CU replaces the Improved Aviation Battle Dress Uniform
Physical Fitness Uniform APFT-JH-12-19.jpg

The standard garrison service uniform is known as "Army Greens" or "Class-As".The "Army Blue" uniform, is currently the Army's formal dress uniform, but in 2009, it will replace the Army Green and the Army White uniforms (a uniform similar to the Army Green uniform, but worn in tropical postings) and will become the new Army Service Uniform, which will function as both a garrison uniform (when worn with a white shirt and necktie) and a dress uniform (when worn with a white shirt and either a necktie for parades or a bow tie for "after six" or "black tie" events). The Patrol Cap is worn with the ACU for garrison duty; and the beret with the Army Service Uniform for non-ceremonial functions. The Army Blue Service Cap, is allowed for wear by any soldier ranked CPL or above at the discretion of the commander.

Body armor in all units is the Improved Outer Tactical Vest and the Interceptor Body Armor, which is now being supplemented with the lightweight Modular Body Armor Vest and Soldier Plate Carrier System. Head protection is provided by the Advanced Combat Helmet and Modular Integrated Communications Helmet, which are being replaced in deployed units by the Enhanced Combat Helmet.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ M9 Pistol, U.S. Army Fact Files.
  2. ^ John Pike. "M9 9 mm Beretta Pistol". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011. 
  3. ^ M9 Pistol, U.S. Army Fact Files.
  4. ^ John Pike. "M9 9 mm Beretta Pistol". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011. 
  5. ^ M16 Rifle, U.S. Army Fact Files.
  6. ^ John Pike (22 December 2010). "M16 5.56mm Rifle". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011. 
  7. ^ M4 Carbine, U.S. Army Fact Files.
  8. ^ John Pike (21 December 2010). "M4 / M4A1 5.56mm Carbine". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011. 
  9. ^ M249 Machine Gun, U.S. Army Fact Files.
  10. ^ John Pike. "M249 Squad Automatic Weapon". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011. 
  11. ^ M240 Machine Gun, U.S. Army Fact Files.
  12. ^ John Pike. "M240 7.62mm Machine Gun". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011. 
  13. ^ John Pike (24 February 2011). "M2 .50 Caliber Machine Gun". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011. 
  14. ^ Mk193 Grenade Machine Gun, U.S. Army Fact Files.
  15. ^ John Pike (13 January 2011). "Mk 19 Grenade Machine Gun". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011. 
  16. ^ M203 Grenade Launcher, U.S. Army Fact Files.
  17. ^ John Pike. "M203 40mm Grenade Launcher". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011. 
  18. ^ Carl Gustaf Selected as Standard Equipment for US Army Light Infantry Units - Deagel.com, 20 February 2014
  19. ^ M224 Mortar, U.S. Army Fact Files.
  20. ^ John Pike (27 November 2005). "M224 60 mm Lightweight Mortar". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011. 
  21. ^ M252 Mortar, U.S. Army Fact Files.
  22. ^ John Pike. "M252 81 mm Medium Extended Range Mortar". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011. 
  23. ^ M120 Mortar, U.S. Army Fact Files.
  24. ^ John Pike. "M120 120 mm Mortar". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011. 
  25. ^ "Self-propelled howitzer M109A7 and M992A3 carrier ammunition enter in service with U.S. Army". May 20, 2014. 
  26. ^ "Saint-Gobain Crystals delivers transparent armor for M142 HIMARS windshields and door windows.". November 8, 2013. 
  27. ^ "Oshkosh Defense wins contract for upgrading US Army's MRAP All Terrain Vehicles". December 15, 2014. 
  28. ^ John Pike. "M230 Automatic Gun". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011. 
  29. ^ John Pike (25 January 2006). "M242 Bushmaster 25 mm Automatic Gun". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 27 May 2011. 
  30. ^ Aviation Week & Space Technology 2009, 26 JAN 2009 240. Web.28 Aug 2009. <http://www.aviationweek.com/aw/sourcebook/content.jsp?channelName=pro&story=xml/sourcebook_xml/2009/01/26/AW_01_26_2009_p0240-112924-158.xml&headline=World%20Military%20Aircraft%20Inventory%20-%20United+States>.
  31. ^ WebCite query result
  32. ^ a b "World Military Aircraft Inventory". 2011 Aerospace. Aviation Week and Space Technology, January 2011.
  33. ^ "Sikorsky Aircraft Delivers 100th New Production UH-60M BLACK HAWK Helicopter to U.S". Reuters. 25 March 2009. 
  34. ^ "News – Feature story – The UH-72A "comes home" to its new Army assignment in Mississippi". UH-72A. Retrieved 13 June 2011. 
  35. ^ hazegray.org – World Navies Today: US Army
  36. ^ Lopez, C. (20 February 2010). "Soldiers to get new cammo pattern for wear in Afghanistan". US Army. US Army. Retrieved 22 February 2010.