Equipoise (horse)

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Equipoise
Sire Pennant
Grandsire Peter Pan
Dam Swinging
Damsire Broomstick
Sex Stallion
Foaled 1928
Country United States
Colour Chestnut
Breeder Harry Payne Whitney
Owner Cornelius Vanderbilt Whitney
Trainer Freddy Hopkins
Thomas J. Healey
Record 51: 29-10-4
Earnings $338,610
Major wins
Great American Stakes (1930)
Pimlico Futurity (1930)
Havre de Grace Handicap (1932)
Whitney Handicap (1932)
Stars and Stripes Handicap (1932)
The Toboggan (1932)
Metropolitan Handicap (1932, 1933)
Wilson Stakes (1932, 1933)
Arlington Handicap (1933)
Suburban Handicap (1933)
Hawthorne Gold Cup Handicap (1933)
Saratoga Cup (1933)
Dixie Handicap (1934)
Awards
Unofficial U.S. Champion 2-Year-Old Colt (1930)
Unofficial U.S. Champion Older Horse
(1932, 1933, 1934)
Unofficial United States Horse of the Year (1932, 1933)[1]
Leading sire in North America (1942)
Honours
National Museum of Racing and Hall of Fame (1957)
Equipoise Mile Handicap at Arlington Park
#21 - Top 100 U.S. Racehorses of the 20th Century
Last updated on January 22, 2010

Equipoise (1928–1938) was an American Thoroughbred racehorse and sire. In a career which lasted from 1930 until 1935, he ran fifty-one times and won twenty-nine races. A leading two-year-old in 1930, he missed most of the next season, including two of the three American Triple Crown races through injury and illness. "Ekky"[2] returned to the track in 1934 and proved to be a dominant champion, winning numerous important stakes races in the next three years. Equipoise died in 1938 after a short but promising stud career.

Background[edit]

Equipoise was a chestnut bred in the United States by Harry Payne Whitney and owned by his son, Cornelius Vanderbilt Whitney. He was called the Chocolate Soldier by his fans, due to his elegance and symmetry.[3] His sire, Pennant, won the Belmont Futurity Stakes for Harry Payne Whitney in 1913. Equipoise's dam, Swinging, was a descendant of the Epsom Oaks winner Miami, placing him in the same Thoroughbred family as the 1897 English Triple Crown winner Galtee More and the 1902 Epsom Derby winner Ard Patrick as well as some well-known American runners, such as Intentionally and Seabiscuit.[4]

As a yearling, Equipoise was an unimpressive individual. C. V. Whitney thought so little of the "ugly duckling" that he sent him to his "second-string" trainer, Fred Hopkins.[5]

Racing career[edit]

1930–1931: early career[edit]

As a two-year-old, Equipoise ran sixteen times, claiming his first stakes victory when he won the Keene Memorial Stakes at Belmont Park. In September, he ran in the Belmont Futurity the most valuable two-year-old race of the season in which he was beaten a nose by Jamestown. Although Jamestown's victory was regarded by some as having decided the identity of the best two-year-old,[6] he did not race again in 1930, while Equipoise went on to further success. On November 5, he beat Twenty Grand by half a length with Mate a neck away in third in the Pimlico Futurity. After starting slowly, he settled the race in the straight with what the New York Times described as "a brilliant burst of speed"[7] to reverse two earlier defeats by Twenty Grand.[8] When his jockey, Sonny Workman, was asked if this was his greatest race, Workman replied: "My greatest race? Hell, it may have been the greatest race anybody ever saw."[9]

Although there were no formal awards for Thoroughbred racing in 1930, press opinion was that Equipoise's win at Pimlico entitled him to "a share of the 2 year old championship honors"[10]

Equipoise started 1931 as the favorite for the Kentucky Derby and won on his reappearance at Havre de Grace, Maryland. At the same track on April 26, he finished last of the six runners in the Chesapeake Stakes, after which he was reported to be suffering from a kidney ailment described as "azoturia" or "blackwater".[11] Later reports ascribed his defeat to problems with his "shelly" feet.[3] In the Preakness Stakes, which was the first of the Triple Crown races in 1931, he finished fourth behind Mate.[12] A week later, he was withdrawn from the Derby on the day of the race[13] and did not race again that year.

1932–1935: later career[edit]

As a four-year-old in 1932, Equipoise won ten of his fourteen starts. On May 21, he won the Metropolitan Handicap at Belmont Park from Sun Meadow, with Mate third. Equipoise, who started 3/5 favorite, won by two and a half lengths despite being eased down by Workman near the finish and was received with "thunderous applause".[14] On May 31 at Arlington Park, Chicago, Equipoise set a world record of 1:34.4 for a mile when winning the Delavan Purse.[15] In the Stars and Stripes Handicap at the same course four days later, he "outclassed" his opponents.[16] On August 13, Equipoise led all the way to win the Whitney Stakes by three lengths from the three-year-old Gusto. According to the New York Times report, the win confirmed his status as the best horse in the handicap division.[17]

At five, Equipoise won seven more races. On June 3, he gave 26 pounds to the runner-up, Okapi, in again winning the Metropolitan, living up to his reputation as the "king of the handicap horses".[18] Four days later, he ran in the Suburban Handicap carrying 132 pounds over a mile and a quarter. He won by two lengths from Osculator, with Apprentice five lengths back in third.[19] In August, he faced the highly regarded Gallant Sir in the Hawthorne Gold Cup and won a "thrilling" race by two lengths to record his sixth successive win.[20] His other wins included the Saratoga Cup in September in which he raced beyond a mile and a quarter for the first time and won from Gusto and Keep Out.[21]

As a six-year-old, Equipoise was kept in training with the aim of beating Sun Beau's earnings record. In the spring, he won the Philadelphia Handicap at Havre de Grace and the Dixie Handicap at Pimlico before being rested till autumn. On November 6, he overcame a wet and muddy Belmont track (described as a "sea of slop"[22]) to beat Faireno in the Whitney Gold Trophy. At the start of 1935, the seven-year-old Equipoise was sent to California for the inaugural running of the world's richest race, the Santa Anita Handicap, which was to be his final race. He showed some promise in defeat in two prep races and started favorite despite top weight of 130 pounds against what was described as "the greatest field of horses ever assembled".[2] Equipoise's challenge ended in disappointment: according to Sonny Workman, he "simply wouldn't run" as he finished seventh to the Irish-bred Steeplechase specialist Azucar.[23] Whitney later revealed that Equipoise had suffered a recurrence of the tendon injury which had kept him off the track in the previous summer.[24] He was retired to stud with earnings of $338,610, the second highest in racing history up to that time.[5]

Assessment[edit]

His career was greatly restricted by hoof problems, but he was still regarded by contemporary observers as the outstanding American horse of his era. Although there were no formal awards at this time, he was regarded as United States Horse of the Year in both 1932 and 1933 and as the best older horse in 1932, 1933, and 1934.

In the Blood-Horse magazine ranking of the top 100 thoroughbred champions of the 20th Century, which ranked only horses that ran in North America, Equipoise was ranked #21. In their book A Century of Champions, the British writers Tony Morris and John Randall placed Equipoise at #163 in their global ranking of 20th Century Thoroughbreds.[25] Equipoise was also inducted into the National Museum of Racing and Hall of Fame in Saratoga Springs, New York, in 1957.

Stud record[edit]

Equipoise stood as a stallion for only four seasons before his death on August 4, 1938, at the age of ten.[5] Four years later, the success of his progeny, notably the Kentucky Derby and Belmont Stakes winner Shut Out, saw him named America's Champion sire.[26]

References in popular culture[edit]

In "Fugue for Tinhorns," the opening number of the musical Guys and Dolls, Equipoise is referred to as the great-grandfather of one of the song's fictional racehorses.[27]

Equipoise is also one of the racing mice in the movie Stalag 17.[28]

Pedigree[edit]

Pedigree of Equipoise (USA), chestnut stallion, 1928
Sire
Pennant (USA)
1911
Peter Pan (USA)
1904
Commando (USA) Domino (USA)
Emma C. (USA)
Cinderella (GB) Hermit (GB)
Mazurka (GB)
Royal Rose (GB)
1894
Royal Hampron (GB) Hampton (GB)
Princess (GB)
Belle Rose (GB) Beaudesert (GB)
Monte Rosa (GB)
Dam
Swinging (USA)
1922
Broomstick (USA)
1901
Ben Brush (USA) Bramble (USA)
Roseville (USA)
Elf (GB) Galliard (GB)
Sylvabelle (GB)
Ballancoire (FR)
1911
Meddler (GB) St. Gatien (GB)
Busybody (GB)
Ballantrae (GB) Ayrshire (GB)
Abeyance (GB)(Family: 5-j)[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "American Horse of the Year". Tbheritage.com. Retrieved 2012-02-23. 
  2. ^ a b "Equipoise is big favorite". Milwaukee Journal. 1935-02-23. Retrieved 2012-02-22. 
  3. ^ a b Thoroughbred Champions: Top 100 Racehorses of the 20th Century. Blood-Horse Publications. 1999. Retrieved 2012-02-22. 
  4. ^ a b "Miami - Family 5-j". Bloodlines.net. Retrieved 2012-02-22. 
  5. ^ a b c "The Ugly Duckling of the Track". Calgary Daily Herald. 1938-08-06. Retrieved 2012-02-22. 
  6. ^ "Jamestown wins". Sarasota Herald-Tribune. 1930-09-14. Retrieved 2012-02-22. 
  7. ^ "EQUIPOISE CAPTURES PIMLICO FUTURITY". New York Times. 1930-11-06. Retrieved 2012-02-22. 
  8. ^ "Twenty Grand takes race from Equipoise". Ludington Daily News. 1930-10-17. Retrieved 2012-02-22. 
  9. ^ "Equipoise". National Museum of Racing. Retrieved 2012-02-22. 
  10. ^ "EQUIPOISE CAPTURES $59,000 PIMLICO FUTURITY". Chicago Tribune. 1930-11-06. Retrieved 2012-02-22. 
  11. ^ "Favorite Last in Rich Race". Pittsburgh Press. 1931-04-26. Retrieved 2012-02-22. 
  12. ^ "Mate, third choice, wins rich Preakness Stakes". Reading Eagle. 1931-05-10. Retrieved 2012-02-22. 
  13. ^ "Equipoise scratched from Derby field". Milwaukee Journal. Retrieved 2012-02-22. 
  14. ^ "Equipoise Annexes Metropolitan 'Cap". Sunday Morning Star. 1932-05-22. Retrieved 2012-02-22. 
  15. ^ "Equipoise Races Mile To World Record". Chicago Tribune. 1932-07-01. Retrieved 2012-02-22. 
  16. ^ "Equipoise wins $20,000 Feature". St. Petersburg Times. 1932-07-05. Retrieved 2012-02-22. 
  17. ^ Field, Bryan (1932-08-14). "EQUIPOISE VICTOR IN WHITNEY STAKES". New York Times. Retrieved 2012-02-22. 
  18. ^ "Metropolitan Handicap goes to Whitney's horse". Sunday Morning Star. 1933-06-04. Retrieved 2012-02-22. 
  19. ^ "Equipoise wins the Suburban". Milwaukee Journal. 1933-06-08. Retrieved 2012-02-22. 
  20. ^ "Equipoise beats Gallant Sir". Montreal Gazette. 1933-08-25. Retrieved 2012-02-22. 
  21. ^ "Equipoise captures Saratoga Gold Cup". St. Petersburg Times. 1933-09-03. Retrieved 2012-02-22. 
  22. ^ "Equipoise wins in Great Finish". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. 1934-11-07. Retrieved 2012-02-22. 
  23. ^ "Azucar Santa Anita winner". Milwaukee Journal. 1935-02-25. Retrieved 2012-02-22. 
  24. ^ "What happened to Equipoise". Evening Independent. 1925-02-27. Retrieved 2012-02-22. 
  25. ^ Morris, Tony; Randall, John (1999). A Century of Champions. Portway Press,. ISBN 1-901570-15-0. 
  26. ^ "Leading Sires of America". Tbheritage.com. Retrieved 2012-02-22. 
  27. ^ "Fugue for Tinhorns Lyrics". Stlyrics.com. Retrieved 2012-02-22. 
  28. ^ "Mouse race from the 1953 movie Stalag 17". YouTube. 2006-11-12. Retrieved 2012-02-22.