Equisetum variegatum

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Equisetum variegatum
Flower-center130935.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Pteridophyta
Class: Equisetopsida
Order: Equisetales
Family: Equisetaceae
Genus: Equisetum
Species: E. variegatum
Binomial name
Equisetum variegatum
Schleich. ex Weber & Mohr
Synonyms

Hippochaete variegata

Equisetum variegatum (commonly known as variegated horsetail or variegated scouring rush) is a horsetail native to the Northern Hemisphere.

Description[edit]

It is a variable species with several ecotypes, some of which are distinct subspecies. The stems can grow to 40 cm (occasionally 80 cm) in height but are often much smaller. Some forms have prostrate stems that creep along the ground while other forms grow more erect. The stems are dark blue-green, slender and rough to the touch. They may be unbranched or have branches growing from the base. The stem nodes are covered with a sheath that is marked with a black band and has dark teeth with white edges. The stems are tipped with a small cone, 3-4 mm across, which is usually green with a black, bluntly-pointed tip.

Distribution and habitat[edit]

It is found in northern parts of Europe, Asia and North America including Greenland, Iceland and the Faroe Islands. Its range extends south as far as the Pyrenees and Apennines in Europe, Mongolia and Japan in Asia and Connecticut, Wisconsin and Oregon in North America.

It prefers open, lime-rich sites, often those that flood in winter. It occurs in dune slacks, mountain flushes and beside lakes, rivers and canals.

References[edit]

  • Flora of North America. Equisetum variegatum. Accessed 30 July 2008.
  • Hutchinson, G. (1996) Welsh Ferns, National Museums and Galleries of Wales.
  • Page C. N. (1982) The Ferns of Britain and Ireland, Cambridge University Press.
  • Preston, C. D. & Pearman, D. A. (2002) New Atlas of the British and Irish Flora, Oxford University Press.
  • Stace, Clive A. (1997) New Flora of the British Isles, Cambridge University Press.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al. (1964) Flora Europaea, Volume 1. Cambridge University Press.