Eragrostis

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lovegrass
Starr 020124-8001 Eragrostis cilianensis.jpg
Eragrostis cilianensis
Maui, Hawai'i
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Subfamily: Chloridoideae
Tribe: Eragrostideae
Genus: Eragrostis
Wolf[1]
Type species
Eragrostis eragrostis
(syn of E. cilianensis)
(L.) Wolf[2]
Synonyms[3]
weeping lovegrass (Eragrostis curvula)
little lovegrass (Eragrostis minor)

Eragrostis is large and widespread genus of plants in the grass family, found in many countries on all inhabited continents and many islands.[4][5][6][7][8][9][10]

Eragrostis is commonly known as lovegrass[11] or canegrass. The name of the genus is derived from the Greek words ερως (eros), meaning "love", and αγρωστις (agrostis), meaning "grass".[12]

Lovegrass is commonly used as livestock fodder. The seeds appear to be of high nutritional value for some animals, but they are also very tiny and collecting them for human food is cumbersome and hence uncommon. A notable exception is teff (E. tef), which is used to make traditional breads on the Horn of Africa, such as Ethiopian injera and Somalian laxoox. It is a crop of commercial importance. E. clelandii and E. tremula are recorded as famine foods in Australia and Chad, respectively.[13]

Other species, such as E. amabilis, are used as ornamental plants. E. cynosuroides is used in the pūjā rites in the Hindu temple at Karighatta. Bahia lovegrass (E. bahiensis) is known as a hyperaccumulator of caesium-137 and can be grown to remove the highly toxic radioactive atoms from the environment. Weeping lovegrass (E. curvula) has been planted extensively to prevent soil erosion.

Seed dispersal is often done by passing animals; the grains' hooks latch on to fur or hair, or to clothes. Others are wind or gravity dispersed. Several herbivores feed on lovegrass, including invertebrates such as the caterpillars of the Zabulon Skipper (Poanes zabulon) and vertebrates. The extinct bluebuck (Hippotragus leucophaeus) was known to graze these grasses. The dense bunches also provide cover for small animals such as the rare Botteri's Sparrow (Aimophila botterii). Lovegrasses may be important groundcover on oceanic islands like Laysan, where other plants are rare.

Taxonomy[edit]

Eragrostis is the type genus of the tribe Eragrostideae.[14][15]

Species[3][11][16]
  1. Eragrostis acamptoclada - Angola, Zambia
  2. Eragrostis acraea - South Africa, Zimbabwe, Mozambique
  3. Eragrostis acutiflora - tropical Americas
  4. Eragrostis acutiglumis - Brazil, Argentina, Uruguay
  5. Eragrostis advena - Queensland, New South Wales
  6. Eragrostis aegyptiaca - Sahara, Sahel
  7. Eragrostis aethiopica - Africa, Madagascar, Yemen, Saudi Arabia
  8. Eragrostis airoides - South America
  9. Eragrostis alopecuroides - Indochina
  10. Eragrostis alta - Hainan
  11. Eragrostis alveiformis - Queensland, New South Wales
  12. Eragrostis amabilis (L.) Wight & Arn. ex Nees - Africa, Asia, Papuasia
  13. Eragrostis amanda - Kenya
  14. Eragrostis ambleia - Kenya, Somalia
  15. Eragrostis ambohibengensis - Madagascar
  16. Eragrostis ambositrensis - Madagascar
  17. Eragrostis ambrensis - Madagascar
  18. Eragrostis amurensis - Belarus, Russia, Mongolia, Kazakhstan
  19. Eragrostis anacrantha - Zambia
  20. Eragrostis anacranthoides - Zambia
  21. Eragrostis andicola - Peru, Argentina
  22. Eragrostis annulata - South Africa, Namibia, Botswana, Angola
  23. Eragrostis apiculata - Minas Gerais
  24. Eragrostis aquatica - Honshu
  25. Eragrostis arenicola - Africa
  26. Eragrostis aristata - Namibia
  27. Eragrostis aristiglumis - Tanzania
  28. Eragrostis articulata - Brazil, Paraguay, Bolivia, Argentina
  29. Eragrostis aspera - Africa, southern Asia (from Yemen to Vietnam)
  30. Eragrostis astrepta - Ethiopia
  31. Eragrostis astreptoclada - Tanzania, Malawi, Zambia
  32. Eragrostis atropioides - Hawaii
  33. Eragrostis atrovirens (Desf.) Trin. ex Steud. - Africa, Asia, Madagascar, Papuasia
  34. Eragrostis attenuata - Chile, Peru
  35. Eragrostis aurorae - Angola, Zambia
  36. Eragrostis australasica (Steud.) C.E.Hubb. – swamp canegrass - Australia
  37. Eragrostis autumnalis - China
  38. Eragrostis bahamensis - Bahamas, Turks & Caicos Islands
  39. Eragrostis bahiensis Schrad. ex Schult. - tropical Latin America
  40. Eragrostis balgooyi - Aru Islands
  41. Eragrostis barbinodis - South Africa, Swaziland, Botswana, Mozambique
  42. Eragrostis barbulata - Myanmar
  43. Eragrostis barrelieri Daveau - from Azores + Canary Islands to Pakistan
  44. Eragrostis barteri - West Africa
  45. Eragrostis basedowii - Australia
  46. Eragrostis bemarivensis - Madagascar
  47. Eragrostis bergiana - South Africa, Botswana
  48. Eragrostis berteroniana - Cuba, Hispaniola
  49. Eragrostis betsileensis - Madagascar
  50. Eragrostis bicolor - Africa
  51. Eragrostis biflora - Africa
  52. Eragrostis blepharostachya - West Africa
  53. Eragrostis boinensis - Madagascar
  54. Eragrostis boivinii - Madagascar
  55. Eragrostis boriana - Iraq
  56. Eragrostis botryodes - Africa
  57. Eragrostis brainii - Angola, Zambia, Zimbabwe
  58. Eragrostis braunii - East Africa, Yemen, Saudi Arabia
  59. Eragrostis brizantha - Cape Province, Namibia, Botswana
  60. Eragrostis brownii - eastern + southeastern Asia, Papuasia, Australia, Micronesia, Easter I
  61. Eragrostis burmanica - India, Myanmar, Thailand
  62. Eragrostis caesia - southern Africa
  63. Eragrostis caespitosa - eastern + southeastern Africa
  64. Eragrostis camerunensis - Nigeria, Cameroon
  65. Eragrostis canescens - Tanzania, Malawi
  66. Eragrostis caniflora - Tanzania, Angola, Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe
  67. Eragrostis capensis - tropical + southern Africa
  68. Eragrostis capillaris (L.) Nees – tiny lovegrass, lace grass - North America
  69. Eragrostis capitula - Queensland
  70. Eragrostis capitulifera - Ethiopia, Kenya
  71. Eragrostis capuronii - Madagascar
  72. Eragrostis cassa - Queensland
  73. Eragrostis castellaneana - Tanzania, Mozambique, Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe
  74. Eragrostis cataclasta - Brazil, Uruguay, Paraguay, Argentina
  75. Eragrostis cenolepis - West Africa
  76. Eragrostis chabouisii - Madagascar
  77. Eragrostis chalarothyrsos - tropical Africa
  78. Eragrostis chapelieri - Madagascar, tropical + southern Africa
  79. Eragrostis chiquitaniensis - Bolivia, Paraguay
  80. Eragrostis cilianensis (All.) Vignolo ex Janch. – grey lovegrass, candy grass, stinkgrass - Old World from France to South Africa to Japan to New Guinea; naturalized in Americas + Australia + northern Europe
  81. Eragrostis ciliaris (L.) R.Br. - Old World from Morocco to South Africa to Micronesia; naturalized in Americas
  82. Eragrostis ciliata - India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Thailand, Hainan, Java
  83. Eragrostis cimicina - southern Africa
  84. Eragrostis coarctata - Indian Subcontinent, Myanmar
  85. Eragrostis collina - Eurasia from southern Turkey + southern European Russia to Xinjiang
  86. Eragrostis comptonii - Swaziland
  87. Eragrostis concinna - Queensland, Northern Territory
  88. Eragrostis condensata (J.Presl) Steud.> - Ecuador
  89. Eragrostis conertii - Cape Verde
  90. Eragrostis confertiflora - Australia
  91. Eragrostis congesta - central + southern Africa
  92. Eragrostis conrathii - South Africa, Lesotho, Swaziland
  93. Eragrostis contrerasii - Mexico, Guatemala
  94. Eragrostis crassinervis - Zimbabwe, Namibia, Limpopo
  95. Eragrostis crateriformis - Australia
  96. Eragrostis cubensis - Cuba, Jamaica
  97. Eragrostis cumingii - China, Japan, Southeast Asia, Papuasia, Australia; naturalized in parts of USA
  98. Eragrostis curtipedicellata - south-central USA (CO KS MO AR LA TX NM), Mexico (Coahuila, Nuevo León)
  99. Eragrostis curvula (Schrad.) Nees – weeping lovegrass, African lovegrass - Africa; naturalized in Eurasia, Australia, Americas
  100. Eragrostis cylindrica - China incl Taiwan, Nepal, Vietnam
  101. Eragrostis cylindriflora Hochst. - Africa
  102. Eragrostis dayanandanii - Tamil Nadu
  103. Eragrostis deccanensis - Tamil Nadu
  104. Eragrostis decumbens - Aldabra
  105. Eragrostis deflexa - Hawaii
  106. Eragrostis dentifera - Zambia
  107. Eragrostis desertorum - Australia
  108. Eragrostis desolata - Zimbabwe, Limpopo
  109. Eragrostis dielsii Pilg. – mallee lovegrass - Australia
  110. Eragrostis dinteri - Angola, Botswana, Namibia
  111. Eragrostis divaricata - Zaïre, Zambia
  112. Eragrostis duricaulis - Yunnan
  113. Eragrostis dyskritos - Sulawesi
  114. Eragrostis ecarinata - Northern Territory
  115. Eragrostis echinochloidea Stapf – tickgrass, tick grass - southern Africa
  116. Eragrostis egregia - West Africa
  117. Eragrostis elatior - Cape Province
  118. Eragrostis elegantissima - Sahel
  119. Eragrostis elliottii S.Wats. - USA, Mexico, Central America, West Indies
  120. Eragrostis elongata (Willd. J.Jacq. - China, Southeast Asia, New Guinea, Australia, New Caledonia
  121. Eragrostis episcopulus - St. Helena
  122. Eragrostis eriopoda Benth. - Australia
  123. Eragrostis erosa - USA (TX NM), Mexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Zacatecas, Sonora, Nuevo León, Tamaulipas)
  124. Eragrostis exasperata - Africa
  125. Eragrostis excelsa - Mexico (Veracruz, Yucatán Peninsula), Belize, Bahamas, Cuba
  126. Eragrostis exelliana - Tanzania, Malawi, Zambia
  127. Eragrostis exigua - Australia
  128. Eragrostis falcata - Australia
  129. Eragrostis fallax - Australia
  130. Eragrostis fastigiata - Malawi
  131. Eragrostis fauriei - Taiwan
  132. Eragrostis fenshamii - Queensland
  133. Eragrostis ferruginea (Thunb.) P.Beauv. - East Asia, Himalayas, Indochina
  134. Eragrostis fosbergii Whitney - Oahu
  135. Eragrostis frankii – Frank's lovegrass - eastern Canada; eastern + central USA
  136. Eragrostis friesii - Angola, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Caprivi Strip region of Namibia
  137. Eragrostis gangetica (Roxb.) Steud. - Africa, Indian Subcontinent, Southeast Asia; naturalized in scattered locations in South America + USA
  138. Eragrostis georgii - Gabon
  139. Eragrostis glandulosipedata - southern Africa
  140. Eragrostis glischra - Zimbabwe
  141. Eragrostis gloeodes - Mato Grosso do Sul
  142. Eragrostis gloeophylla - Ethiopia, Somalia
  143. Eragrostis glutinosa - Cuba, Jamaica
  144. Eragrostis grandis - Hawaii
  145. Eragrostis guatemalensis - central + southern Mexico,Guatemala
  146. Eragrostis guianensis - Venezuela (Amazonas, Bolívar, Monagas), Guyana, Brazil (Roraima, Ceará)
  147. Eragrostis gummiflua - Africa, Madagascar
  148. Eragrostis habrantha - Africa
  149. Eragrostis hainanensis - Hainan
  150. Eragrostis heteromera - Africa
  151. Eragrostis hierniana - Africa
  152. Eragrostis hildebrandtii - Madagascar
  153. Eragrostis hirsuta - southeastern + south-central USA; Mexico
  154. Eragrostis hirta - Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, Honduras
  155. Eragrostis hirticaulis - Northern Territory
  156. Eragrostis hispida - Africa
  157. Eragrostis homblei - Tanzania, Zaïre, Zambia, Zimbabwe
  158. Eragrostis homomalla - Africa
  159. Eragrostis hondurensis - Mexico (Chiapas, Oaxaca), Honduras, Nicaragua
  160. Eragrostis hugoniana - Shaanxi
  161. Eragrostis humbertii - Madagascar
  162. Eragrostis humidicola - Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Zaire, Rwanda
  163. Eragrostis humifusa - Réunion
  164. Eragrostis hypnoides (Lam.) Britt., Sterns & Poggenb. – teal lovegrass - North + South America
  165. Eragrostis inamoena - Africa
  166. Eragrostis incrassata - Somalia
  167. Eragrostis infecunda J.M.Black – southern canegrass - Victoria, South Australia
  168. Eragrostis intermedia - USA, Mexico, Central America, Colombia
  169. Eragrostis interrupta - Queensland, New South Wales
  170. Eragrostis invalida - West Africa
  171. Eragrostis jacobsiana - Queensland
  172. Eragrostis japonica (Thunb.) Trin. - Asia, Africa, Papuasia, Madagascar
  173. Eragrostis jerichoensis - Queensland
  174. Eragrostis kennedyae - Australia
  175. Eragrostis kingesii - Namibia, Cape Province
  176. Eragrostis kohorica - Tibesti Region of Chad
  177. Eragrostis kuchariana - Somalia
  178. Eragrostis kuschelii - San Ambrosio Island in Chile
  179. Eragrostis lacunaria F.Muell. ex Benth. - Australia
  180. Eragrostis laevissima - Namibia, Botswana
  181. Eragrostis lanicaulis - Australia
  182. Eragrostis laniflora - Australia
  183. Eragrostis lanipes - Australia
  184. Eragrostis lappula - Africa
  185. Eragrostis lateritica - Madagascar
  186. Eragrostis latifolia - Zimbabwe
  187. Eragrostis leersiiformis - Africa
  188. Eragrostis lehmanniana Nees - southern Africa; naturalized in scattered locales in Eurasia, North + South America
  189. Eragrostis lepida - Saudi Arabia, eastern Africa
  190. Eragrostis lepidobasis - Zambia
  191. Eragrostis leptocarpa - Australia
  192. Eragrostis leptophylla - Hawaii
  193. Eragrostis leptostachya (R.Br.) Steud. – paddock lovegrass - Australia
  194. Eragrostis leptotricha - Zimbabwe, Botswana
  195. Eragrostis leucosticta - Brazil, Paraguay
  196. Eragrostis lichiangensis - Yunnan
  197. Eragrostis lingulata - West Africa
  198. Eragrostis longifolia - Ethiopia, Yemen
  199. Eragrostis longipedicellata - Queensland
  200. Eragrostis longiramea - Mexico (Tamaulipas)
  201. Eragrostis lugens - Americas from Missouri to Uruguay
  202. Eragrostis lurida - Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia
  203. Eragrostis lutensis - Somalia
  204. Eragrostis lutescens - western USA
  205. Eragrostis macilenta - Africa, Madagascar, Arabia, India
  206. Eragrostis macrochlamys - Cape Province, Namibia, Botswana
  207. Eragrostis macrothyrsa - Bolivia, Paraguay, Brazil (Mato Grosso do Sul, Santa Catarina)
  208. Eragrostis maderaspatana - Tamil Nadu, Sri Lanka
  209. Eragrostis magna - Peru
  210. Eragrostis mahrana - Somalia, Oman, Yemen
  211. Eragrostis majungensis - Madagascar
  212. Eragrostis mandrarensis - Madagascar
  213. Eragrostis mariae - Zambia
  214. Eragrostis mauiensis - †Lanai, †Maui but extinct
  215. Eragrostis maypurensis - Mexico, Central + South America
  216. Eragrostis megalosperma F.Muell. ex Benth. - Queensland, New South Wales
  217. Eragrostis membranacea - southern Africa
  218. Eragrostis mexicana - from British Columbia to Uruguay
  219. Eragrostis micrantha - southern Africa
  220. Eragrostis microcarpa - Australia
  221. Eragrostis microsperma - Angola
  222. Eragrostis mildbraedii - Africa
  223. Eragrostis milnei - Zambia
  224. Eragrostis minor Host – little lovegrass, small lovegrass - Africa, Eurasia; naturalized in Australia, Americas
  225. Eragrostis moggii - Mozambique, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, Gauteng
  226. Eragrostis mokensis - West Africa
  227. Eragrostis mollior - Africa
  228. Eragrostis montana - Southeast Asia
  229. Eragrostis monticola - Hawaii
  230. Eragrostis muerensis - Tanzania, Zambia
  231. Eragrostis multicaulis - Asia
  232. Eragrostis multiflora - Africa, southern Asia
  233. Eragrostis neesii - Bolivia, Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay
  234. Eragrostis nigra - Asia
  235. Eragrostis nigricans - South America
  236. Eragrostis nindensis - Africa
  237. Eragrostis nutans - Asia
  238. Eragrostis obtusa - Lesotho, South Africa
  239. Eragrostis obtusiflora - Mexico, New Mexico, Arizona
  240. Eragrostis olida - Australia
  241. Eragrostis oligostachya - Zambia
  242. Eragrostis olivacea - Africa
  243. Eragrostis omahekensis - Namibia
  244. Eragrostis oreophila - Mexico
  245. Eragrostis orthoclada - Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina
  246. Eragrostis pallens - Africa
  247. Eragrostis palmeri S.Watson - Mexico, New Mexico, Texas, Arizona
  248. Eragrostis palustris - Cameroon
  249. Eragrostis paniciformis - Africa
  250. Eragrostis papposa - Spain, Africa, Arabia, Himalayas
  251. Eragrostis paradoxa - Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe
  252. Eragrostis parviflora (R.Br.) Trin. - Australia, New Guinea, Solomon Is, New Caledonia
  253. Eragrostis pascua - Eritrea, Ethiopia
  254. Eragrostis pastoensis - South America
  255. Eragrostis patens - Africa
  256. Eragrostis patentipilosa - Africa
  257. Eragrostis patentissima - Swaziland, South Africa
  258. Eragrostis patula - Ecuador
  259. Eragrostis paupera – dwarf eragrostis - Midway Atoll, Phoenix Is, Line Is, Kiribati
  260. Eragrostis pectinacea (Michx.) Nees ex Jedwabn. – tufted lovegrass - North + South America
  261. Eragrostis perbella - Somalia, Kenya, Tanzania
  262. Eragrostis perennans - southern China
  263. Eragrostis perennis - - Bolivia, Brazil, Uruguay, Argentina
  264. Eragrostis pergracilis - Australia
  265. Eragrostis perplexa - Mexico, USA
  266. Eragrostis perrieri - Madagascar
  267. Eragrostis peruviana - Peru, Chile incl Desventuradas Islands
  268. Eragrostis petraea - Western Australia, Northern Territory
  269. Eragrostis petrensis - Brazil (Bahia, Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro)
  270. Eragrostis phyllacantha - Zimbabwe, Botswana
  271. Eragrostis pilgeri - Peru (Ancash, Cajamarca)
  272. Eragrostis pilgeriana - Angola, Namibia, Botswana, Cape Province
  273. Eragrostis pilosa (L.) P.Beauv. – soft lovegrass - Africa, Eurasia; naturalized in Australia + Americas
  274. Eragrostis pilosissima - China, Vietnam
  275. Eragrostis pilosiuscula - China
  276. Eragrostis plana - Africa, Madagascar
  277. Eragrostis planiculmis - southern Africa
  278. Eragrostis plumbea - Mexico
  279. Eragrostis plurigluma - Africa
  280. Eragrostis plurinodis - Venezuela (Bolívar, Apure), Guyana, Brazil (Amazonas, Acre, Goiás, Roraima)
  281. Eragrostis pobeguinii - West Africa
  282. Eragrostis poculiformis - Tanzania
  283. Eragrostis polytricha - Americas from Texas + Florida to Chile
  284. Eragrostis porosa - Africa, Yemen
  285. Eragrostis potamophila - Western Australia, Northern Territory
  286. Eragrostis pringlei - Mexico
  287. Eragrostis procumbens - South Africa, Namibia, Lesotho, Zimbabwe
  288. Eragrostis prolifera - West Indies, northern South America, Galápagos, Central America, Mexico, Florida, west Africa
  289. Eragrostis propinqua - Mauritius
  290. Eragrostis psammophila - Somalia
  291. Eragrostis × pseudobtusa - South Africa
  292. Eragrostis pseudopoa - Tanzania, Limpopo
  293. Eragrostis pubescens (R.Br.) Steud. - Thailand, Malaysia, Maluku, New Guinea, Australia
  294. Eragrostis punctiglandulosa - Zambia
  295. Eragrostis purpurascens - Lesser Antilles, Argentina, Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina), Paraguay, Uruguay
  296. Eragrostis pusilla Hack. 1896, not Scribn. ex Beal 1896 - southern Africa
  297. Eragrostis pycnantha - Chile
  298. Eragrostis pycnostachys - Kenya
  299. Eragrostis pygmaea De Winter – dwarf lovegrass - Namibia
  300. Eragrostis racemosa - Africa, Seychelles, Madagascar
  301. Eragrostis raynaliana - Cameroon
  302. Eragrostis refracta - southeastern + south-central USA; Suriname
  303. Eragrostis rejuvenescens - Zaïre, Zambia, Angola
  304. Eragrostis remotiflora - South Africa
  305. Eragrostis reptans - Mexico, USA
  306. Eragrostis retinens - Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul), Argentina (Buenos Aires, Entre Rios, Córdoba), Uruguay, Paraguay
  307. Eragrostis rigidiuscula - Australia
  308. Eragrostis riobrancensis - Guyana, Brazil (Roraima, Amazonas)
  309. Eragrostis riparia - Indian Subcontinent, Indochina, Philippines, New Guinea
  310. Eragrostis rivalis - Belarus, Ukraine, southern European Russia
  311. Eragrostis rogersii - southern Africa
  312. Eragrostis rojasii - Mato Grosso do Sul, Argentina, Paraguay
  313. Eragrostis rotifer - Africa
  314. Eragrostis rottleri - Tamil Nadu
  315. Eragrostis rufescens - from Veracruz to Paraguay
  316. Eragrostis rufinerva - Hainan
  317. Eragrostis sabinae - Namibia
  318. Eragrostis sabulicola - Gabon, Congo Rep
  319. Eragrostis sabulosa - Cape Province
  320. Eragrostis sambiranensis - Madagascar
  321. Eragrostis santapaui - Karnataka
  322. Eragrostis saresberiensis - Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe
  323. Eragrostis sarmentosa - Africa, Madagascar
  324. Eragrostis saxatilis Hemsl.
  325. Eragrostis scabriflora Swallen
  326. Eragrostis scaligera - St. Helena
  327. Eragrostis scabriflora - Pacific Islands (Fiji, New Caledonia, Vanuatu, Marianas, Line Is, Easter I)
  328. Eragrostis scaligera - French Guiana, Brazil
  329. Eragrostis schultzii - Australia
  330. Eragrostis schweinfurthii - East Africa, Yemen, Sri Lanka
  331. Eragrostis sclerantha - Africa
  332. Eragrostis sclerophylla - Minas Gerais
  333. Eragrostis scopelophila - Namibia
  334. Eragrostis scotelliana - western + central Africa
  335. Eragrostis secundiflora - North + South America
  336. Eragrostis seminuda - Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay
  337. Eragrostis sennii - Somalia, Kenya
  338. Eragrostis sericata - Mozambique
  339. Eragrostis sessilispica - Mexico, USA
  340. Eragrostis setifolia - Australia
  341. Eragrostis setulifera - Tanzania, Zambia
  342. Eragrostis silveana - Tamaulipas, Nuevo León, San Luis Potosí, Coahuila, Texas
  343. Eragrostis simpliciflora - Central America, Chiapas
  344. Eragrostis singuaensis - Cameroon
  345. Eragrostis solida - Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay, Bolivia
  346. Eragrostis soratensis - Colombia, Peru, Bolivia
  347. Eragrostis sororia - Queensland, New South Wales
  348. Eragrostis spartinoides - Australia, New Guinea, New Caledonia, Easter I, Line Is, Caroline Is
  349. Eragrostis speciosa - Australia
  350. Eragrostis spectabilis (Pursh) Steudel – purple lovegrass - North America
  351. Eragrostis spicata - Texas, Mexico, Paraguay, Argentina
  352. Eragrostis spicigera - Zambia
  353. Eragrostis squamata - Africa
  354. Eragrostis stagnalis - Northern Territory, Queensland
  355. Eragrostis stapfii - southern Africa
  356. Eragrostis stenostachya (R.Br.) Steud. - Northern Territory, Queensland
  357. Eragrostis stenothyrsa - Namibia
  358. Eragrostis sterilis - Australia
  359. Eragrostis stolonifera - Madagascar
  360. Eragrostis subaequiglumis - Madagascar, Aldabra
  361. Eragrostis subglandulosa - Botswana, Namibia
  362. Eragrostis subsecunda - China, Indian Subcontinent, Malaysia, Caroline Islands
  363. Eragrostis subtilis - Northern Territory
  364. Eragrostis superba Peyr. – heartseed grass - Africa
  365. Eragrostis surreyana - Western Australia
  366. Eragrostis swallenii - Mexico, Texas
  367. Eragrostis sylviae - Malawi
  368. Eragrostis tef (Zuccagni) Trotter - Arabian Peninsula, East Africa
  369. Eragrostis tenellula - Australia
  370. Eragrostis tenuifolia - Africa, southern Asia
  371. Eragrostis tephrosanthes - North + South America
  372. Eragrostis terecaulis - Bolivia
  373. Eragrostis theinlwinii - Myanmar
  374. Eragrostis thollonii - central Africa
  375. Eragrostis tincta - southern Africa
  376. Eragrostis trachyantha - Somalia
  377. Eragrostis trachycarpa - Australia
  378. Eragrostis tracyi - Florida
  379. Eragrostis tremula - Africa, southern Asia
  380. Eragrostis triangularis - Paraguay
  381. Eragrostis trichocolea - Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay
  382. Eragrostis trichodes (Nutt.) Alph.Wood – sand lovegrass - USA
  383. Eragrostis tridentata - Somalia
  384. Eragrostis trimucronata - Tanzania
  385. Eragrostis triquetra - Queensland
  386. Eragrostis truncata - South Africa, Namibia, Botswana
  387. Eragrostis turgida - Africa
  388. Eragrostis udawnensis - Thailand
  389. Eragrostis unioloides - Asia, Papuasia, Queensland
  390. Eragrostis urbaniana - West Indies
  391. Eragrostis usambarensis - Tanzania
  392. Eragrostis uvida - Northern Territory, Queensland
  393. Eragrostis uzondoiensis - Tanzania
  394. Eragrostis vacillans - Angola
  395. Eragrostis vallsiana - Brazil
  396. Eragrostis variabilis (Gaudich.) Hillebr. - Hawaii
  397. Eragrostis variegata - Angola
  398. Eragrostis vatovae - Somalia
  399. Eragrostis venustula - Angola, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Namibia
  400. Eragrostis vernix - Brazil (Pernambuco, Paraíba)
  401. Eragrostis viguieri - Madagascar
  402. Eragrostis virescens - North + South America
  403. Eragrostis viscosa (Retz.) Trin.– sticky lovegrass - Africa, southern Asia; naturalized in parts of North + South America
  404. Eragrostis volkensii - Africa
  405. Eragrostis vulcanica - Bismarck Archipelago
  406. Eragrostis walteri - Namibia
  407. Eragrostis warburgii - Java, Lesser Sunda Islands, Sulawesi, Maluku, New Guinea
  408. Eragrostis weberbaueri - Peru, Chile
  409. Eragrostis welwitschii - Africa
  410. Eragrostis xerophila - Australia
  411. Eragrostis zeylanica - Indian Subcontinent, Andaman Is, Myanmar, Vietnam
Formerly included[3]

Many species now considered better suited to other genera, including Cladoraphis Coelachyrum Desmazeria Diplachne Ectrosia Festuca Harpachne Poa etc.


References[edit]

  1. ^ "Genus: Eragrostis Wolf". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 1999-03-09. Retrieved 2011-02-25. 
  2. ^ The International Plant Names Index
  3. ^ a b c Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  4. ^ Wolf, Nathanael Matthaeus von 1776. Genera Plantarum Vocabulis Characteristicis Definita 23.
  5. ^ Atlas of Living Austalia, Eragrostis Wolf Love Grasses
  6. ^ Flora of China Vol. 22 Page 471, 画眉草属 hua mei cao shu Eragrostis Wolf, Gen. Pl. 23. 1776.
  7. ^ Flora of Pakistan
  8. ^ Altervista Flora Italiana, genere Eragrostis
  9. ^ Biota of North America Program 2013j county distribution maps
  10. ^ Sanbi Red List of South African Plants
  11. ^ a b "Eragrostis". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 2011-03-04. 
  12. ^ Quattrocchi, Umberto (2006). CRC World Dictionary of Grasses. II E-O. CRC Press. p. 805. ISBN 978-0-8493-1303-5. 
  13. ^ Freedman, Robert (1998): Famine Foods - Poaceae or Graminae. Version of 6 March 1998. Retrieved 12 November 2007.
  14. ^ Stapf, Otto. 1898. Flora Capensis 7: 316
  15. ^ Tropicos, Eragrostideae Stapf
  16. ^ "GRIN Species Records of Eragrostis". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2011-02-25. 

External links[edit]