|• Mayor||Fesih Yalçın (BDP)|
|• Kaymakam||Şevket Atlı|
|• District||1,467.65 km2 (566.66 sq mi)|
|• District Density||81/km2 (210/sq mi)|
Ergani (Ottoman Turkish: عثمانيه Osmaniye, Kurdish: Erxenî, Zazaki: Erğeni), formerly known as Arghni or Arghana, is a district of Diyarbakır Province of Turkey. The mayor is Fesih Yalçın (BDP).
Near the village of Sesverenpınar, among the Hilar rocks Çayönü hill was first settled in c. 7500 BC, and was continuously inhabited until 5000 BC (but only occasionally since then). Remains have been found from the earlier habitation, one of the most important archaeological finds of its era. We can see evidence of an early city from the Neolithic period, when nomadic hunter-gatherers began to settle in one place. Excavation of Çayönü, one of the largest and best-preserved sites of its kind was begun in 1963 by Istanbul University and the University of Chicago and continues today.
Place names first mentioned as Arkni/Argni in Armenian archives. Trade has flourished between Ergani and Mesopotamia during the third millennium BC. Ergani mines used to ship copper to the early settlements at Uruk of southern Iraq. The Euphrates river connected Ergani and Uruk. Vessels of the day could easily float several tons of copper downstream to Uruk in a few weeks, the transport of hundred of tons of grain back to Anatolia was challenging. Later Mesopotamian civilizations took advantage of the more favorably placed Persian Gulf mineral resources.
District's area is 1489 km. Ergani District is located in the administrative as the Southeastern Anatolia Region, but as a geographical region are located in the Eastern Anatolia. Connected to the north of Elazig Province Mining District, east of the Tigris in the town of Diyarbakir province, and is connected to Diyarbakir, the south is connected to the Siverek town of Urfa, Diyarbakir connected to the west is the border with Çermik and Cungus district. Height is 955 meters from the sea. The main flow of the Tigris river water, tea Straits, Camel is a gateway. district 10 km north of the river passes through the districts of the Tigris River. Kalender and 17th districts of the territory After flowing through the Tigris enters km of land. 7 km west of the Bosphorus strait Ergani tea is off the neighborhood. yolköprü, Beaded, splayed hill villages and camel through the gateway into and form a branch of the Tigris Ergani quite productive resources of the environment has. 5–6 m depth in the center of the county out of the water, such as 50-meter drilling work is found in very rich beds. Ergani's largest copper and chromium mines in front are nearby.
In the middle of the 19th century Ergani was the administrative center of the sancak, so copper mining operations had to be moved to the mining town. 19. century by a managing director and 11 were kaymakam mutasarrıf 3. District is a very old settlement with the East Anatolian culture has plasticity. However, until this day the ruins of a tower could come. Ergani fortress, Ergani near Mount kolat a debris slope in a state of the bulunur.Bugün. Whose side are made of the castle to a recording of rastlanmamıştır. Castle in detail in Evliya Çelebi's travel has been taken up. 19th as the Ottoman period structure century mansion outside the Ergani 3 mosques in the municipality, 10 mosques, 3 Armenian churches, 1 Protestant chapel, 3 Khan, 3 baths, fountains were 30. This structure was built in 1891 and the host government. Tourism can be restored to the old government house can win.
Diyarbakir-Elazig road 58th kilometers east longitude and 39 50 in the county seat is in latitude 37 32 north. From the south of Haydarpasa-Kurtalan Railway District, Diyarbakir-Elazig road the passes through the center of the county.
Dicle, Çermik and District of Cungus with provincial and district road or other by railway transport is possible only through Ergani. This situation increases the strategic importance of Ergani. Ergani's fate: Islam transfer depends on the fate of the remains of Diyarbakir. 1. After the 1514 victory of selim Ergani çaldıran Mehmet pasha of the delaletiyleBıyıklı administration are lousy: Diyarbakir region in Diyarbakir province were connected to make a flag. 18. century and the beginning of the receipt of wine is prohibited to sell the evil in the Ergani accident every two to three loads of wine sold on Saturday were Diyarbakir. Diyarbakir governor Ismail Hakki pasha wolf is made of the macadam macadam Harput Zülkifil's Mountain and the beginning of the Hoşat plains, Ergani population between the years 1874-1914 of the unclassified road to the village of Bagür to pass on the old town has led to remain uninhabited.
Ethnic Structure of the Ergani consists of a large section of Kurdish people. Approximately 92% of the population of Kurdish, 6% Zazaki (Dimilî) and 2% Turkish. The mainly spoken language is Kurdish (Kurmancî and Zazaki (Dimilî).
Rducation for the region on average an image sergiler.İlçede (Rural schools also are included) 107 Elementary School, two of the Anatolian High School, one of the Anatolian Teacher High School in 10 high schools, 6 Special Education Authority and connected to the Dicle University Vocational School are available.
The findings of the 6250 years before Christ by .7500, and the region's first arsına its being used by people to put BC in front of the Tea Until 2000 that contains the Stone Age and Bronze era has experienced three stages of culture. Çayönü, near the east and the most wide-open as the front was a protected place Neollitik. Tea-known structure of the pre-SKULL BUILDING (skull is building.) (Polish traveler is an old temple called Simcon talking about here is miraculous). Southeastern Anatolia Region Ergani right on the banks of the Tigris river 10 km away and at a height of 1525 m of semi-extinct volcanic mountains, a deep gully in zülkifil (deresi Hoşat) was established on the slopes of the Southeast. An altitude of 955 m is the Diyarbakir-Elazig road 58th The most important district of Diyarbakir merkezlerinden'dir km. 39.50 east longitude and 37-32 north of the mining district of Elazığ enlemindedir.kuzey and north-west, south of Sanliurfa Siverek District, east of the Tigris and Diyarbakir, in the west and Cungus district has Çermik. Extension of the Taurus mountains of southeast Anatolia, which is the southern segment of the Ergani kuzeyin'de's. By creating the first dügümü the mountains to the north east during zülkifil stretches. Mountain gummy second node, third node is a feast. 7 km north of the father in the hills sword. a very rural county's western portion have been on the mound, and the fold has occurred. East sector has a long plateau covered. county's largest Ergani Lowland or plains of Gevran is called. Ergani district, throughout history, many names have Akanya Some, Men's, Erkanikana, Yanar, Zülkerneyn, Arsenia, Urhana and Aşot'tur a very old place, which works wermeni Ergani in the name of Argi, nail Arsinia written sources, in Peutinger Tablet Arsenia would pass.
Osmaniye name given to the Ottoman era Ergani the old district of Adana Osmaniye province today is mixed with the post was changed to Ergani.
- "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05.
- "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27.
- Tahir Sezen, Osmanlı Yer Adları (Alfabetik Sırayla), T.C. Başbakanlık Devlet Arşivleri Genel Müdürlüğü, Yayın Nu 21, Ankara, p. 393.
- "A Splendid Exchange" by William J Bernstein