An ergograph is a graph that shows a relation between human activities, or agricultural/climate factors, and a seasonal year. The name was coined by Dr. Arthur Geddes of the University of Edinburgh. It can either be a polar coördinate (circular) or a cartesian coördinate (rectangular) graph, and either a line graph or a bar graph.
In cartesian form, the X axis is marked for the months of the year, and the Y axis is marked with the scale(s) of the activity/activities. For example, in the ergograph to the right, the Y axis is marked with both temperature and rainfall/sunshine scales.
In polar form, the months of the year are marked around the circumference, forming 30° sectors. Concentric lines display the proportions of time (in hours per day) devoted to each of the activities. The time scale, ranging from 0 to 24 hours per day, is along the radius of the circle, and is a square root scale. This form of an ergograph is also known as a polar line graph or (because the data form "bands" on the graph) a polar strata graph or polar layer graph, the "polar" denoting the system of polar coordinates used on the graph.
- Rameshwar Prasad Misra and A. Ramesh (1989). Fundamentals of cartography (2nd ed.). Concept Publishing Company. p. 438. ISBN 9788170222224.
- Francis John Monkhouse (2007). A Dictionary of Geography (2nd ed.). Aldine Transaction. p. 127. ISBN 9780202361314.
- Graham T. Richardson (1985). Illustrations. Humana Press. pp. 49–50. ISBN 9780896030701.
- Institute of British Geographers (1950). Transactions and papers — Institute of British Geographers (G. Philip) (16–19): 2,184.
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