Ergolz

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Ergolz
Ergolz Bild02.jpg
The Ergolz at Sissach
Origin

Schafmatt, Greisflue, Rohr, Solothurn

47°25′26″N 7°57′34″E / 47.42389°N 7.95944°E / 47.42389; 7.95944Coordinates: 47°25′26″N 7°57′34″E / 47.42389°N 7.95944°E / 47.42389; 7.95944
Mouth

Confluence with Rhine between Augst and Kaiseraugst

47°32′17″N 7°42′50″E / 47.53806°N 7.71386°E / 47.53806; 7.71386
Progression RhineNorth Sea
Basin countries Switzerland
Location Basel-Landschaft
Source elevation 830 m (2,720 ft)
Avg. discharge 3.73 m3/s (132 cu ft/s) at mouth
Basin area 261 km2 (101 sq mi)
River system Rhine

The Ergolz is the main river in the canton of Basel-Landschaft, Switzerland. It rises on Mount Geisflue in the Faltenjura mountains in the upper region of Basel-Landschaft, on the border with Aargau and Solothurn, and joins the Rhine at Augst. Among the tributaries of the Ergolz are Eibach, Homburgerbach, Diegterbach, Frenke (Anterior and Posterior Frenke), Orisbach, Röserenbach and Violenbach.

Numerical data[edit]

Source of the Ergolz in Oltingen

Since 1934 the water level and discharge of the Ergolz have been measured at Liestal. During these more than 70 years, the average flow towards the Rhine was 3.73 m³/s. During 2006, the average flow was 5.63 m³/s. The peak in theat year was on 10 April 2006, at 134 m³/s. The extreme values measured at Liestal were a minimum of 0.1 m³/s (in 1947) and a maximum of 155 m³/s (in 1999).

History[edit]

The river supplied drinking water ot the Roman city of Augusta Raurica. To this end, an aqueduct was constructed, which began upstream of today's Liestal. Parts of the aqueduct still stand today. Two places where the aqueduct can be visited and walked today, are in the Heidenloch district of Liestal and north-east of the sewage treatment plant in Füllinsdorf.

The Ergolz was increasingly polluted during the first half of the 20th century. From 1960 onwards, polllution was countered by the construction of sewage treatment plants.

External links[edit]