Eric Chronicles

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Eric's Chronicle (Swedish: Erikskrönikan) is the oldest surviving Swedish chronicle. It was written by an unknown author (or, less probably, several authors) between about 1320 and 1335.

It is the oldest in a group of medieval rhymed chronicles recounting political events in Sweden. It is one of Sweden's earliest and most important narrative sources. Its authorship and precise political significance and biases are debated, but it is clear that the chronicle's main protagonist and hero is Eric, Duke of Södermanland, brother of King Birger of Sweden.

The chronicle is written in knittelvers, a form of doggerel, and in its oldest version is 4543 lines long. It begins in 1229, with the reign of Eric XI of Sweden (d. 1250) but focuses on the period 1250-1319, ending in the year when the three-year-old Magnus IV of Sweden came to the throne. It survives in six manuscripts from the fifteenth century and a further fourteen from the sixteenth and seventeenth.

Example[edit]

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References[edit]

  1. ^ Lines 3269-79, quoted and translated by Fulvio Ferrari, 'Literature as a Performative Act: Erikskrönikan and the Making of a Nation', in Lärdomber oc skämptan: Medieval Swedish Literature Reconsidered, ed. by Massimiliano Bampi and Fulvio Ferrari, Samlingar utgivna av Svenska fornskriftsällskapet, serie 3: Smärre texter och undersökningar, 5 (Uppsala: Svenska fornskriftsällskapet, 2008), pp. 55-80 (p. 68), here with minor amendments to punctuation.