Eric Garcetti

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Eric Garcetti
Official portrait of Los Angeles Mayor Eric Garcetti.jpg
Official portrait of Garcetti as Mayor
42nd Mayor of Los Angeles
Incumbent
Assumed office
July 1, 2013
Preceded by Antonio Villaraigosa
President of the Los Angeles City Council
In office
January 1, 2006 – January 12, 2012
Preceded by Alex Padilla
Succeeded by Herb Wesson
Member of the Los Angeles City Council from the 13th district
In office
July 1, 2001 – July 1, 2013
Preceded by Jackie Goldberg
Succeeded by Mitch O'Farrell
Personal details
Born Eric Michael Garcetti
(1971-02-04) February 4, 1971 (age 43)
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Amy Elaine Wakeland (m. 2009)
Children 1
Residence Getty House (Public)

Echo Park, Los Angeles, California, U.S. (Private)

Alma mater Columbia University
London School of Economics
The Queen's College, Oxford
Religion Progressive Judaism
Website Mayoral website
Military service
Service/branch United States Navy Reserve
Rank Lieutenant
Unit Information Dominance Corps

Eric Michael Garcetti (born February 4, 1971) is the mayor of Los Angeles and a former member of the Los Angeles City Council, representing the 13th District.[1] He served as Council President from 2006 to 2012.[2]

A member of the Democratic Party, Garcetti won in a nonpartisan election for Mayor on May 21, 2013, defeating city Controller Wendy Greuel;[3] Garcetti is the city's first elected Jewish mayor and its youngest in more than a century.[3] Garcetti is the son of the former Los Angeles County District Attorney Gil Garcetti.

Early life[edit]

Garcetti was born at Good Samaritan Hospital[4] in Los Angeles and was raised in Encino,[5] in the San Fernando Valley.[4] His father, former Los Angeles County District Attorney Gil Garcetti, is of Italian and Mexican descent. His grandfather was born in Parral, Chihuahua, Mexico and moved to the United States after the Mexican Revolution.[6][7][8] His mother, Sukey Roth, is of Russian-Jewish descent.[6][7][8] His paternal grandfather, Salvador Garcetti, was born in Mexico and was brought to the United States as a child after his father, Massimo Garcetti, a judge and emigrant to Mexico from Italy, was hanged during the Mexican Revolution.[5] His paternal grandmother, Juanita Iberri, was born in Arizona, one of 19 children born to emigrant parents from Sonora, Mexico.[5] His maternal grandfather, Harry Roth, who founded the clothing brand Louis Roth & Co.,[5] was a Jewish immigrant from Russia.[6][8]

Eric Garcetti attended elementary school at UCLA Lab School[5] (formerly Corinne A. Seeds University Elementary School), and middle school and high school at Harvard-Westlake School.[5] He majored in political science and urban planning and received a B.A. from Columbia University in 1992 as a John Jay Scholar.[9]

At Columbia, he served on the Student Council, was President of the St. Anthony Hall literary society, founded the Columbia Urban Experience, and co-wrote and performed in three years of the Varsity Show, a student-written musical, whose past co-writers include Richard Rodgers, Oscar Hammerstein II, and Lorenz Hart. Garcetti also received a Masters of International Affairs from the School of International and Public Affairs at Columbia University, graduating in 1993.[9] He studied as a Rhodes Scholar at The Queen's College, Oxford[10] and also studied at the London School of Economics.[4]

Professional career[edit]

Prior to his election to the Los Angeles City Council, Garcetti was a visiting instructor of International Affairs at the University of Southern California and assistant professor of Diplomacy and World Affairs at Occidental College.[4] His academic work focused on ethnic conflict and nationalism and he has lived and studied in Southeast Asia and Northeast Africa. He has published articles and chapters of books on post-conflict societies, Eritrean nationalism, and non-violent action.[11] He served on the California Board of Human Rights Watch.

City Council[edit]

Garcetti was elected to the Los Angeles City Council in 2001 and reelected in 2005 and 2009. He succeeded Alex Padilla as President of the City Council on January 1, 2006 and was re-elected as President at the beginning of the Council's subsequent terms in 2007 and 2009. Garcetti declared his candidacy for mayor of Los Angeles on September 8, 2011.[12]

Crime[edit]

Garcetti supported recent expansions of the Los Angeles Police Department and the re-implementation of the Senior Lead Officer Program. Crime has fallen in his district by more than forty percent since 2001.[13]

Environmental issues[edit]

In 2004, Garcetti authored Proposition O,[14] a county stormwater bond which sought to clean the city's waterways. Voters approved the bond with just over 76% of the vote[14] making it the largest clean water bond in the country.

In 2005, Garcetti helped found the Los Angeles Neighborhood Land Trust. He authored two of the nation's largest municipal green building ordinances, the first requiring all city buildings to be built to the LEED-certified standard, and the second which mandates all commercial buildings over 50,000 sq ft (4,600 m2) in Los Angeles be built to a LEED standard. He supported changes in the city's landscape ordinance and plumbing codes to promote water conservation.

In July 2009, the City Council passed a water conservation ordinance he authored, which required all new construction and renovation projects in Los Angeles to be equipped with high-efficiency water devices and aims to conserve one billion gallons of water a year. A longtime electric car driver, he appeared as a proponent of electric cars in the 2006 documentary "Who Killed the Electric Car?"

In July 2010, Garcetti, then President of the Los Angeles City Council, led the weakening of a 2009 lawn watering ordinance, allowing watering three days per week rather than two. The 2-day ordinance, passed 13 months earlier by Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa, helped the city reduce its water use and cope with ongoing drought, but was unpopular and was accused of causing pressure fluctuations and water main breaks. An LA Times editorial called the City Council's weakening of the watering ordinance a "death knell for one of the best collective environmental efforts made by the citizens of Los Angeles."[15]

Housing and neighborhood beautification[edit]

At times, Garcetti has come under public scrutiny for developments that unexpectedly demolish and built over cultural, and historic landmarks.[citation needed] The most recent example are three small buildings at historic Sunset Junction which were demolished to make way for a large condominium development.[16] A developer had previously said there was no talk of demolition. However, the Department of Building and Safety granted the company a permit for demolition nearly a month and a half before it happened. Garcetti has also helped preserve historic neighborhoods and landmarks, from the designation of Historic Filipinotown[17] to Hollywood landmarks like the Palladium, which had been threatened by the wrecking ball.[18]

In his district, Garcetti created the Neighborhood Leadership Institute which trains constituents to be active citizens.[citation needed]

Garcetti's volunteer UNTAG program, Uniting Neighborhoods to Abolish Graffiti, has reduced graffiti in his district over 78 percent in its first four years.[9]

During his first term, as chair and member of the Housing, Community, and Economic Development Committee, he helped create a 100 million dollar housing trust fund, at the time, the nation's largest. He has also worked to revitalize the Hollywood area[19] and reduce and reform the city business tax.[20]

Constituent outreach[edit]

Garcetti was one of the first elected officials in Los Angeles to hold "office hours" each month, where constituents can meet with him face-to-face. He implemented a "Constituent Bill of Rights" that ensures that constituents' phone superior calls are returned within a single workday, that constituents are included in all land-use decisions in their neighborhood, and that all constituent concerns are tracked on a computer system that details all actions taken on that particular case.[citation needed]

He drew respect as President by ensuring that the meetings start on time,[21] making all past meetings available on-line, and controlling the timing of public comment and council presentations at meetings. He has also helped more than 1500 local constituents learn about the governmental process by hosting Government and Planning 101 courses throughout the city.[citation needed]

National politics[edit]

Garcetti endorsed Barack Obama in early Spring 2007 and was the Southern California Chairman and one of six state co-chairs for the Obama Campaign. He traveled to Iowa, Nevada and six other states, and was a frequent surrogate (in English and Spanish) for the campaign. He served as a superdelegate during the 2008 Democratic National Convention and was elected to serve as the Chair of Democratic Municipal Officials,[22] an organization affiliated with the Democratic National Committee that represents all local elected Democrats in the U.S. In this capacity, he serves on the DNC Executive Committee.

Acting[edit]

From 2010–2012 Garcetti appeared as "Ramon Quintero", the Mayor of Los Angeles, on the fictional TNT television show The Closer and its spin-off Major Crimes.[23] Garcetti's father, Gil Garcetti, is a consulting producer on both series.[24]

Mayor of Los Angeles[edit]

On May 21, 2013, Eric Garcetti was elected Mayor of Los Angeles with 53.9% of votes, defeating Wendy Greuel. His term began on July 1, 2013.[25]

On August 22, 2013, Garcetti said he would sign off on a proposed four-year contract with Department of Water and Power workers. Officials estimated the contract would save $6.1 billon over 30 years.[26] In large part, the deal was expected to save money by cutting the pension benefits of new hires and workers going without raises in pay for three years.[27] Garcetti accepted the agreement the previous day because of provisions, which included a labor-management council to review work rules that add to DWP workers' salaries, a modified health care system and an added pension tier for new workers and a broadened effort to reduce the disparity in pay with other city workers.[26]

On January 14, 2014, Garcetti was in the passenger seat of an LAPD vehicle when the vehicle struck a pedestrian. Garcetti's office said that the mayor had been on his phone and not witnessed the crash, but had been interviewed by investigators.[28] Battalion Chief Stephen J. Ruda of the Los Angeles Fire Department reported the female pedestrian "was stable and alert, responding to our paramedics" before she was rushed to Los Angeles County-USC Medical Center. Hospital spokesman Rosa Saca said the woman was stable and had been admitted overnight.[29] Garcetti visited the woman in the hospital the next day and stated "We had a nice conversation and I am very pleased that she is in good spirits. I wish her a speedy recovery."[30]

On March 20, 2014, Garcetti responded to criticism of a Fire Department hiring system that eliminated thousands of qualified applicants by announcing he was canceling the process. Garcetti said that he had "determined that the Fire Department's recruiting process is fatally flawed".[31] The mayor's office said the next scheduled Fire Academy class of 70 cadets would not be held, as well as that no more hiring would be made from the current civil service list.[32] Nearly 25% of the 70 recruits that were eventually hired were related to LAFD firefighters.[33]

On April 3, 2014, Garcetti was joined by former President of the United States Bill Clinton in hosting a half-day conference on alternate energy and improvements of infrastructure. It was the first time Garcetti and Clinton had appeared together since his run for mayor the previous year, in which Clinton had endorsed Wendy Greuel. The former president referenced the race but accidentally said that Garcetti had been elected president, not mayor. Clinton told Garcetti that he "may become president one day.”[34][35] On April 10, 2014, Garcetti delivered his first State of the City Address at the California Science Center. He concluded by challenging residents to help build "the Los Angeles of tomorrow."[36]

Personal life[edit]

Garcetti is an avid photographer, jazz pianist and composer. In January 2009, he married Amy Elaine Wakeland,[9] also a Rhodes scholar whom he met while at Oxford.[37] They have a daughter.[38] He also serves as a Lieutenant in the United States Navy Reserve Information Dominance Corps.[39] He attends services at IKAR, a post-denominational Jewish congregation founded by Rabbi Sharon Brous, a charismatic figure in L.A.’s Jewish community.[40][41]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Verini, James (June 25, 2006). "Style & Culture; SMALL HOURS; Garcetti, walking the talk; Hollywood hardly shuts down after dark, and neither does the councilman who represents it. Clubs, plays, gallery openings -- he just likes getting out". 
  2. ^ Patrick McGreevy (November 22, 2005). "Quiet Transition Seen for Top Post on L.A. Council". Los Angeles Times. 
  3. ^ a b Mehta, Seema; Nelson, Laura J. (May 22, 2013). "Garcetti wins race for L.A. mayor; Greuel concedes". Los Angeles Times (Tribune Company). Retrieved May 22, 2013. "Garcetti will be the first elected Jewish mayor of the city. At 42, he will also be the youngest in more than a century." 
  4. ^ a b c d "ERIC GARCETTI ANNOUNCES RUN FOR L.A. MAYOR". Eric Garcetti- Los Angeles Mayor 2013. September 8, 2011. Retrieved October 20, 2013. "A fourth-generation Angeleno, Garcetti was born at Good Samaritan Hospital and was raised in the San Fernando Valley. ... He also studied as a Rhodes Scholar at Oxford University and the London School of Economics and was a Rockefeller Foundation Next Generation Leadership Fellow. He taught public policy, diplomacy and world affairs at Occidental College and the University of Southern California before being elected to the City Council." 
  5. ^ a b c d e f Finnegan, Michael (January 2, 2013). "Eric Garcetti invokes Latino-Jewish ancestry in mayor's race". Los Angeles Times (Tribune Company). Retrieved May 22, 2013. "Eric's grandfather, Salvador Garcetti, was born in Mexico and grew up in Boyle Heights. Salvador was brought to the United States as a baby after his father, Massimo Garcetti, a judge who had emigrated from Italy, was hanged during the Mexican Revolution that began in 1910, Garcetti says. Eric's grandmother, Juanita Iberri, one of 19 children in a family that migrated from Sonora, Mexico, was born in Arizona. ... Garcetti's maternal grandfather, Harry Roth, turned the family's Los Angeles clothing business, Louis Roth & Co., into a major national brand of high-end suits for men. ... Garcetti, 41, was raised in Encino and attended a public elementary school at UCLA. From 7th to 12th grade, he went to Harvard, then a private boys' school in Studio City." 
  6. ^ a b c Weiner, Rex (October 7, 2011). "Jews and Latinos Seek Common Ground". The Jewish Daily Forward (New York City: Forward Association). Retrieved October 20, 2013. "Garcetti is the product of an Italian-Mexican marriage on his paternal side, while his maternal Russian Jewish grandparents founded Louis Roth Clothing, the first union shop in L.A.’s garment industry." 
  7. ^ a b Boyarsky, Bill (December 19, 2012). "Eric Garcetti: up close". The Jewish Journal of Greater Los Angeles (Tribe Media Corp.). Retrieved October 20, 2013. "His father, Gil Garcetti, the former district attorney, is of Mexican and Italian descent. His mother, the former Sukey Roth, is Jewish." 
  8. ^ a b c Medina, Jennifer (October 7, 2013). "Garcetti, New Los Angeles Mayor, Reflects Changing City". The New York Times (The New York Times Company). Retrieved October 20, 2013. "His father, Gil Garcetti, who as district attorney in the 1990s prosecuted O. J. Simpson, is the son of Mexican immigrants who trace their roots to Italy. Mayor Garcetti’s mother’s family came from Russia in the early 20th century." 
  9. ^ a b c d Clark, Justin (March–April 2010). "Eric Garcetti ’92, ’93 SIPA Is Making Tinseltown Green". Columbia College Today. Columbia College, Columbia University. Retrieved October 8, 2012. 
  10. ^ Ramos, George (February 20, 1995). "Prop. 187 Protest Has Sympathizers an Ocean Away". 
  11. ^ "Regeneration of War-Torn Societies". 
  12. ^ "L.A. Now". Los Angeles Times. September 8, 2011. 
  13. ^ LAPD Online website
  14. ^ a b "Measure O: Clean Water, Ocean, River, Beach, Bay Storm Water Cleanup Measure". Smartvoter.org. Retrieved 2013-05-22. 
  15. ^ Green, Emily (July 27, 2010). "Politics and water conservation". Los Angeles Times. 
  16. ^ "Silver Lake demolition takes city and neighborhood leaders by surprise". The Eastsider LA. Retrieved 2013-05-22. 
  17. ^ "First Lady Michelle Obama Designates Los Angeles' Historic Filipinotown a Preserve America Community". BakitWhy. 2011-10-31. Retrieved 2013-05-22. 
  18. ^ Reitman, Valerie (April 12, 2007). "Palladium operator plans major renovation". Los Angeles Times. 
  19. ^ Christina Almeida (May 31, 2006). "After years of decline, Hollywood is LA's hot new address". The Boston Globe. 
  20. ^ Phil Willon (March 5, 2010). "L.A. City Council eases business tax to keep Internet firms from bolting". Los Angeles Times. 
  21. ^ Rick Orlov (January 12, 2006). "A new course for city council on-time start gets garcetti plan going". Los Angeles Daily News. 
  22. ^ "Democratic Municipal Officials". Thedmo.org. Retrieved 2013-05-22. 
  23. ^ http://www.imdb.com/name/nm1553568/
  24. ^ http://www.imdb.com/name/nm1562725/
  25. ^ Saillant, Catherine (May 22, 2013). Los Angeles Times http://www.latimes.com/local/lanow/la-me-ln-antonio-villaraigosa-congratulates-eric-garcetti-20130522,0,7469415.story |url= missing title (help). 
  26. ^ a b Orlov, Rick (August 22, 2013). "L.A. Mayor Eric Garcetti embraces DWP contract". Los Angeles Daily News. 
  27. ^ Zahniser, David; Saillant, Catherine (August 22, 2013). "DWP deal is a mixed win for Eric Garcetti in his 1st duel with labor". Los Angeles Times. 
  28. ^ Tata, Samantha (January 14, 2014). "LA Mayor Garcetti Was Passenger in Police Car That Struck Pedestrian". NBC Southern California. 
  29. ^ Finnegan, Michael; Zahniser, David (January 14, 2014). ".A. Mayor Garcetti's vehicle hits woman crossing street". Los Angeles Times. 
  30. ^ Kandel, Jason (January 15, 2014). "LA Mayor Garcetti Visits Woman in Hospital After Crash". NBC Southern California. 
  31. ^ Lopez, Robert J.; Welsh, Ben (March 20, 2014). "Eric Garcetti scraps LAFD hiring process, says it's 'fatally flawed'". Los Angeles Times. 
  32. ^ "Mayor Eric Garcetti Halts Flawed LA Fire Dept. Recruiting". FOX 5. March 21, 2014. 
  33. ^ "Mayor Eric Garcetti Suspends LA Fire Department Recruit Program". KTLA. March 21, 2014. 
  34. ^ Smith, Dakota (April 3, 2014). "President Bill Clinton, Mayor Eric Garcetti talk environmental issues". Los Angeles Daily News. 
  35. ^ Shuman, Phil (April 3, 2014). "Bill Clinton and Eric Garcetti Take Us Into The Future at City Hall". FOX 11 LA KTTV. 
  36. ^ "Los Angeles Mayor Eric Garcetti Delivers 1st State of the City Address". KTLA. April 10, 2014. 
  37. ^ The Jewish Journal: "Eric Garcetti: up close" By Bill Boyarsky December 19, 2012 | "Garcetti’s wife, whom he met at Oxford when they were Rhodes scholars, is not Jewish"
  38. ^ Maeve Reston (2013-05-10). "Eric Garcetti woos female voters; says campaign will finish strong". Articles.latimes.com. Retrieved 2013-05-22. 
  39. ^ Rainey, James; Finnegan, Michael (2013-04-04). "Garcetti has a side commitment: the U.S. Naval Reserve". Articles.latimes.com. Retrieved 2013-05-22. 
  40. ^ Weiner, Rex (July 3, 2012). "Eric Garcetti Embodies L.A. Melting Pot". The Jewish Daily Forward (New York City: Forward Association). Retrieved October 20, 2013. 
  41. ^ The Jewish Journal: "Eric Garcetti: up close" By Bill Boyarsky December 19, 2012 | "My parents aren’t practicing, either of them...We celebrated Passover and Chanukah. I went to Jewish camp. I think I have become more of a practicing Jew or observant later in life. I came to my faith in college."

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Jackie Goldberg
Los Angeles City Council, 13th district
July 1, 2001–July 1, 2013
Succeeded by
Mitch O'Farrell
Preceded by
Alex Padilla
President of the Los Angeles City Council
2006–2012
Succeeded by
Herb Wesson
Preceded by
Antonio Villaraigosa
Mayor of Los Angeles
2013–present
Incumbent