Eric Norman Goddard
|Born||Eric Norman Goddard
6 July 1897
|Died||11 June 1992|
|Alma mater||Dulwich College|
|Allegiance|| British India
|Service/branch|| British Indian Army
|Years of service||1915–1948|
|Commands||Landi Kotal Brigade
Indian Southern Command
|Other work||Control Commission for Germany, 1949 to 1953
Director of Civil Defence for North-Western Region of England, 1955 to 1963
Lieutenant-General Eric Norman Goddard CB CIE CBE MVO MC (6 July 1897 – 11 June 1992) was a regular soldier of the Indian Army who rose to the position of General Officer Commanding-in-Chief, Indian Southern Command.
The third son of Arthur Goddard, a London Chartered accountant, by his marriage to Isabel Catherine Roberts, he was born in London, educated at Dulwich College, then attended Quetta Cadet College in India and was commissioned into the Unattached List for the Indian Army 15 November 1915 and was admitted to the Indian Army 18 November 1915.
Goddard saw active service in Mesopotamia, Persia and Kurdistan between 1916 and 1919, being twice mentioned in despatches and receiving the Military Cross. He was a General Staff Officer 3 at Army Headquarters India, from 1923 to 1925. In 1928 he joined the 12th Frontier Force Regiment, passed the Staff College, Quetta, in 1928–29, and was posted as Brigade Major to the Nowshera Brigade from 1932 to 1934, seeing active service in the Chitral relief operation of 1932 (when he was again mentioned in despatches and gained a bar to his MC) and in the Mohmand operations of 1933 (again mentioned in despatches). He was promoted Brevet Major in 1933 and from 1934 to 1936 was a GSO2 in Eastern Command. Appointed Officer in command the King's Indian Orderly Officers, 1936, when he was appointed a Member of the Royal Victorian Order (4th class) and the same year became Commandant of the 4th Battalion the 15th Punjab Regiment. In 1939 he was promoted Brevet Colonel and Colonel in command of Administration, Burma Army, then in October 1940 Brigade Commander of the Landi Kotal Brigade. In December 1941 Goddard was promoted Major-General in command of Administration, Army in Burma, and saw service in Burma and on the Eastern front from then until December 1944. In 1943–1944 he was Major-General in command of Administration to the 11th Army Group and to Allied Land Forces in South East Asia, when he was mentioned in despatches a further four times and appointed CIE and CBE. In 1944 he was promoted a Substantive Major-General.
Following the end of the Second World War, Goddard was posted as General Officer Commanding-in-Chief of Southern Command, India, serving from 1947, when he was promoted an Acting Lieutenant-General, until his retiment with the honorary rank of Lieutenant-General in November 1948. In that role, he was responsible for the Goddard Plan for Operation Polo, the armed invasion by the Union of India of the princely state of Hyderabad, put into effect in September 1948 by Major-General Joyanto Nath Chaudhuri.
Goddard returned to Europe from India and next took on a special appointment to the Control Commission for Germany, serving from 1949 to 1953. He was Director of Civil Defence for the North-Western Region of England, based in Manchester, from 1955 to 1963.
On 25 May 1939 at Maymyo, Burma, Goddard married Elizabeth Lynch Prioleau Hamilton, daughter of Major Lynch Hamilton by his marriage to Frances Prioleau, and they had one son. At the time of his death in 1992 his address was given in Who's Who as Kent House, Camden Park, Tunbridge Wells, Kent.
- Eric Goddard, 'The Indian Army – company and Raj', in Asian Affairs, vol. 7, issue 3 (1976), pp. 263–276
- Officer of the Order of the British Empire, 1919
- Military Cross, January 1920
- Member of the Royal Victorian Order, 1936
- Commander of the Order of the British Empire, 1942
- Companion of the Order of the Indian Empire, 1944
- Companion of the Bath, 1947
- President, East Lancashire Branch, British Red Cross, 1964–1966
- 'Goddard, Lt-Gen. Eric Norman' in Who's Who 1991 (London: A. & C. Black)
- 'GODDARD Eric Norman. Lieutenant-général d'armée retraité' in Who's who in Europe: dictionnaire biographique des personnalités européennes contemporaines : 1980-1981 (International Publications Service, 1980), p. 1005: "GODDARD Eric Norman. Lieutenant-général d'armée retraité. Né à Londres, le 6 July 1887. F. de Goddard, expert-comptable, et d'Isabel Catherine Roberts. M. : le 25 May 1939, à Maymyo (Birmanie), avec Elizabeth Lynch Prioleau..."
- London Gazette 22 February 1916 p1960 & 1961
- January 1919 Indian Army List
- L. N. Subramanian, 'OPERATION POLO: THE LIBERATION OF HYDERABAD' in Monitor, vol. 2 (3) (November–December 1999), online at bharat-rakshak.com, accessed 26 March 2012
- Rajendra Prasad, The Asif Jahs of Hyderabad: their rise and decline (1984), p. 380: "Lieutenant-General Maharaj Shri Rajendrasinhji, DSO, had replaced Lieutenant-General Eric Goddard."
- The Indian Army – company and Raj, extract at tandfonline.com, accessed 26 March 2012