Eric Dingwall

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Eric John Dingwall (1890–1986) was a British anthropologist and psychical researcher.


Born in British Ceylon he moved to England where he was educated at Pembroke College, Cambridge (M.A., 1912), and the University of London (D.Sc., PhD).[1] He wrote popular books on sexology.[2] He became interested in paranormal phenomena in 1921 and served from 1922 to 1927 as a research officer for the Society for Psychical Research (SPR).[3]

Dingwall was described as an eccentric by those who had known him.[4] From 1947 he worked as an assistant keeper in the British Museum, cataloguing private case material of erotica.[5] He co-edited the four-volume set Abnormal Hypnotic Phenomena (1967–68). The set was described in a review as of considerable historical interest and well written.[6]

His book Racial Pride and Prejudice received positive reviews.[7][8] His books on artificial cranial deformation and infibulation also received positive reviews.[9][10][11][12]

Dingwall was nicknamed "Dirty Ding" due to his interests in erotica and sexual customs.[13][14]

He was a member of The Magic Circle.

Psychical research[edit]

In the 1920s and 1930s Dingwall travelled widely in Europe and the United States to investigate mediums. He has been described as a "sceptical enquirer" and a psychical investigator who "spent many years exposing fraud and unscientific practices among psychical researchers."[15][16]

Dingwall had supported Trevor H. Hall's criticism of the spiritualist William Crookes and the medium Florence Cook.[17] He also co-wrote the skeptical book Four Modern Ghosts (1958) with Hall which gave rationalistic explanations for alleged supernatural phenomena such as the Yorkshire Museum Ghost and Harry Price's Rosalie materialization séance.[18]

He investigated the mediumship of Eusapia Palladino and came to the conclusion she was "vital, vulgar, amorous and a cheat."[19] Dingwall also investigated the medium Mina Crandon and was skeptical regarding her claims of physical mediumship.[20]

In his later years Dingwall became a critic of psychical research. In an essay in 1971 he summed up his extensive experience in parapsychological research and came to the conclusion:

His essay The Need for Responsibility in Parapsychology: My Sixty Years in Psychical Research (1971) was reprinted in A Skeptic's Handbook of Parapsychology (1985) by the CSICOP founder Paul Kurtz.[21] The skeptic Gordon Stein dedicated the book The Encyclopedia of the Paranormal to Dingwall.[22]

According to authors William Kalush and Larry Sloman when investigating the medium Mina Crandon; Dingwall told her to take off her clothes and sit in the nude. Crandon would also sometimes sprinkle luminous powder on her breasts and because of such activities William McDougall and other psychical researchers criticised Dingwall for having improper relations with Crandon.[23]


  • The American Women: An Historical Study (1976)
  • Abnormal Hypnotic Phenomena four-volumes (1967–68)
  • Very Peculiar People (1962)
  • Four Modern Ghosts (1958) [with Trevor H. Hall]
  • The Unknown, is it Nearer? (1956)
  • The Haunting of Borley Rectory: A Critical Survey of the Evidence (1956) with [K. M. Goldney and Trevor H. Hall]
  • Very Peculiar People: Portrait Studies in the Queer, the Abnormal and the Uncanny (1950)
  • Racial Pride and Prejudice (1946)
  • Woman: An Historical, Gynecological and Anthropological Compendium (1935)
  • The Girdle of Chastity (1931)
  • Artificial Cranial Deformation (1931)
  • Ghosts and Spirits in the Ancient World (1930)
  • How to Go to a Medium: A Manual of Instruction (1927)
  • Studies in the Sexual Life of Ancient and Medieval Peoples (1925)
  • Male Infibulation (1925)


  1. ^ "Eric Dingwall (1890–1986)". Gale Encyclopedia of Occultism & Parapsychology.
  2. ^ Daryl E. Chubin, Ellen W. Chu. (1989). Science Off the Pedestal: Social Perspectives on Science and Technology. Wadsworth Publishing Company. p. 28. ISBN 978-0534098582
  3. ^ Raymond Buckland. (2005). The Spirit Book: The Encyclopedia of Clairvoyance, Channeling, and Spirit Communication. Visible Ink Press. p. 105. ISBN 978-1578592135
  4. ^ Jonathan Croall. (1983). Neill of Summerhill: The Permanent Rebel. Pantheon Books. p. 174. ISBN 978-0394514031
  5. ^ Eric Dingwall Personal Facts and Details
  6. ^ E. Stengel. (1969). Mesmerism And Hypnotism In The 19th Century. The British Medical Journal. Vol. 3, No. 5665. p. 288.
  7. ^ Cullen Young. (1947). Racial Pride and Prejudice by Eric John Dingwall. Africa: Journal of the International African Institute Vol. 17, No. 2. pp. 144-145.
  8. ^ Everett C. Hughes. (1950). Racial Pride and Prejudice by Eric John Dingwall. American Journal of Sociology. Vol. 56, No. 3. pp. 279-280.
  9. ^ Male Infibulation by John Dingwall. The British Medical Journal. Vol. 2, No. 3383 (Oct. 31, 1925). p. 803.
  10. ^ Herbert W. Krieger. (1926). Male Infibulation by Eric John Dingwall. American Anthropologist New Series. Vol. 28, No. 3. pp. 558-559.
  11. ^ Artificial Cranial Deformation by Eric John Dingwall. The British Medical Journal Vol. 2, No. 3702 (Dec. 19, 1931). pp. 1140-1141.
  12. ^ V. Lebzelter. (1932). Artifical Cranial Deformation by Eric John Dingwall. Anthropos. Bd. 27, H. 3./4. pp. 685-686.
  13. ^ Robert Wood. (1992). The Widow of Borley: A Psychical Investigation. Duckworth. p. 54. ISBN 978-0715624197 "Eric J. Dingwall, an academic in charge of the restricted collection (dirty books) at the British Library who rejoiced in the nickname Dirty Ding."
  14. ^ Jo Manning. (2005). My Lady Scandalous: The Amazing Life and Outrageous Times of Grace Dalrymple Elliott, Royal Courtesan. Simon & Schuster. p. 117. ISBN 978-0743262620 "Condoms were donated to the British Museum by Eric J. Dingwall, nicknamed "Dirty Ding," who collected erotica and material on aberrant sexual customs; Dingwall was a librarian at Cambridge University and later at the British Museum."
  15. ^ Dr Eric Dingwall “A Sceptical Enquirer”
  16. ^ Gordon Stein. (1996). The Encyclopedia of the Paranormal. Prometheus Books. p. 630. ISBN 978-1573920216
  17. ^ William Hodson Brock. (2008). William Crookes (1832–1919) and the Commercialization of Science. Ashgate. p. 17. ISBN 978-0754663225
  18. ^ Eric Dingwall, Trevor H. Hall. (1958). Four Modern Ghosts. Gerald Duckworth.
  19. ^ David C. Knight. (1969). The ESP Reader. Grossett & Dunlap. p. 60
  20. ^ "Eric Dingwall". The Biographical Dictionary of Parapsychology.
  21. ^ Eric Dingwall. (1985). The Need for Responsibility in Parapsychology: My Sixty Years in Psychical Research. In Paul Kurtz. (1985). A Skeptic's Handbook of Parapsychology. pp. 161–174. Prometheus Books.
  22. ^ Gordon Stein. (1996). The Encyclopedia of the Paranormal. Prometheus Books. ISBN 978-1573920216
  23. ^ William Kalush, Larry Sloman. (2006). The Secret Life of Houdini: The Making of America's First Superhero. Atria Books. p. 447. ISBN 978-0743272070

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