Éric Joisel (Montmorency, November 15, 1956 – Argenteuil, October 10, 2010) was a French origami artist who specialized in the wet-folding method, creating figurative art sculptures using sheets of paper and water, without the use of any adhesive or scissors.
Joisel was born on November 15, 1956, in Montmorency, Val-d'Oise, a commune in the northern suburbs of Paris, and focused his education on history and law before turning to art. His initial experiences in the art world were in sculpting, using the traditional forms of clay and stone.
He first discovered in the 1980s the unique forms created with paper by Akira Yoshizawa, the Japanese grandmaster of origami who had created more than 50,000 models, developing the wet-folding method that allowed for the creation of three-dimensional rounded sculptures. Joisel was taken by the way the Yoshizawa's works blended classical origami methods and standard forms of sculpture in order to make expressive figures out of wet paper, without making any cuts or using any glue.
Joisel shifted to working with paper in the 1990s, devoting the remainder of his career to creating origami art using his own self-taught variation of the wet-folding techniques that Yoshizawa had developed and refined. He devoted his life to origami after losing his job as the manager of a printing company. Living in a small home, he devoted hours focusing on the meticulous design and detail of each piece of origami. He could spend as much as years working out the plans for one of his original origami pieces, with a single piece created over a period of days or weeks, involving hundreds of precisely planned and executed folds to sheets of paper that could measure to as much as 15 feet (4.6 m) by 25 feet (7.6 m) to create figures that ranged from the size of one's hand to life size, while many were no more than 12 inches (30 cm) high. Though his work was displayed at the Musée du Louvre and collectors from around the world paid as much as thousands of dollars for some of his origami sculptures, the tremendous amount of time that he devoted to each work meant that he didn't earn much income. Themed pieces that he handcrafted included figures from commedia dell'arte and foot-high sculptures of musicians each holding a finely detailed musical instrument.
Joisel published many of the design plans for his figures, providing a look into the extraordinary level of detail and precision that "renders his art simultaneously approachable and unattainable". In his obituary, The New York Times included instructions on how to duplicate one of Joisel's figures of a rat, though it noted that "no lay person should even contemplate the hedgehog".
- Eric Joisel, le roi de l'origami, est mort Par Jennifer Delattre, 20/10/2010
- www.sciencesetavenir.fr Eric Joisel le magicien de l’origami
- New York Times
- Angoulême.fr Éric Joisel le magicien de l’origami (pdf) "Éric Joisel n'avait jamais jusqu'à présent été exposé dans un musée"
- Musée du papier "Éric Joisel"
- Fox, Margalit. "Eric Joisel, French Sculptor of Origami, Dies at 53", The New York Times, October 20, 2010. Accessed October 20, 2010.
- Staff. "Eric Joisel's origami sculptures are attracting thousands of euros", The Times, November 30, 2009. Accessed October 20, 2010.
- Eric Joisel: Commedia dell'Arte, EricJoisel.com. Accessed October 20, 2010.
- Eric Joisel: Musicians, EricJoisel.com. Accessed October 20, 2010.