Eric Muenter

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Aftermath of the bombing of the Senate reception room

Eric Muenter (1871–1915), also known as Erich Muenter, Erich Holt or Frank Holt, was a German-born would-be assassin.

While teaching German at Harvard he poisoned his pregnant wife. Before this was discovered, he fled and spent the next decade in various places throughout the United States under assumed identities.[1][2]


Muenter taught German language courses in the United States. He opposed the US policy of providing arms to Germany's enemies in World War I. He was a committed German nationalist.[3]

On July 2, 1915, Muenter hid a package containing three sticks of dynamite with a timing mechanism set for nearly midnight under a telephone switchboard in the Senate reception room in the United States Capitol, Washington, D.C. His original target had been the Senate chamber, which he found locked. The bomb exploded at approximately 11:40 PM resulting in no casualties. Muenter wrote a letter to The Washington Star under an pseudonym explaining his actions that was published after the bombing, in it he said he hoped the explosion would "make enough noise to be heard above the voices that clamor for war. This explosion is an exclamation point in my appeal for peace."[4]

Muenter was also angry with American financiers who were aiding Great Britain against Germany in World War I, in particular J. P. Morgan, Jr. The day after the bombing, Muenter shot Morgan twice in the groin at Morgan's house in Glen Cove, New York. Muenter was thwarted and captured in this attack. He was charged with both assaults and soon after committed suicide while in prison.[3][1][2]


  1. ^ a b "Chas. Apted Dies; 'Cop' at Harvard". New York Times. June 6, 1941. p. 21. 
  2. ^ a b  Missing or empty |title= (help)[better source needed]
  3. ^ a b "Man Who Shot J. P. Morgan Twice Admits Setting Bomb At National Capital". Hartford Courant. July 4, 1915. Retrieved 2009-10-30. "Former German Instructor At Cornell Talks Freely After Third Degree Is Used, and Says He Wanted To Stop Shipment of Munitions To Europe. Is Suspected of Other, Similar Crimes. Describes Construction of Rare Type of 'Infernal Machine'. Financier Reported in Excellent Condition. Has Two Bullet Wounds In His Hip." 
  4. ^ "Bomb Rocks Capitol". United States Senate. Retrieved 19 May 2013.