Eric Partridge

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Eric Partridge in 1971

Eric Honeywood Partridge (6 February 1894 – 1 June 1979) was a New ZealandBritish lexicographer of the English language, particularly of its slang. His writing career was interrupted only by his service in the Army Education Corps and the RAF correspondence department during World War II.

Early life[edit]

Partridge was born in Waimata Valley, near Gisborne, on the North Island of New Zealand[1] to John Thomas Partridge, a grazier, and his wife Ethel Annabella Norris.[2] In 1907 the family moved to Queensland, Australia,[3] where he was educated at the Toowoomba Grammar School.[4] He then studied first classics and then French and English at the University of Queensland.[5] During this time Partridge also taught for three years as a school teacher before enrolling in the Australian Imperial Force in April 1915 and serving in the Australian infantry during the First World War,[6] serving in Egypt, Gallipoli and on the Western Front,[1] before being wounded in the Battle of Pozières.[6] His interest in slang and the "underside" of language is said to date from his wartime experience.[7] Partridge returned to university between 1919 and 1921, when he received his BA.[6]

Career[edit]

After receiving his degree, Partridge became Queensland Travelling Fellow at Balliol College, Oxford,[6] where he worked on both an MA on eighteenth-century English romantic poetry, and a B.Litt in comparative literature.[8] He subsequently taught in a grammar school in Lancashire for a brief interval, then in the two years beginning September 1925, took lecturing positions at the Universities of Manchester and London.[1][9] From 1923, he "found a second home", occupying the same desk (K1) in the British Museum Library (as it was then known) for the next fifty years. In 1925 he married Agnes Dora Vye-Parminter, who in 1933 bore a daughter, Rosemary Ethel Honeywood Mann.[1][10] In 1927 he founded the Scholartis Press, which he managed until it closed in 1931,[11] publishing over 60 books during this time.[1] From 1932 he commenced writing in earnest. His first major work on slang, Slang Today and Yesterday, appeared in 1933, and his well-known Dictionary of Slang and Unconventional English followed in 1937.[1]

During the Second World War, Partridge served in the Army Education Corps, later transferring to the RAF's correspondence department, before returning to his British Museum desk in 1945.[1]

Partridge wrote over forty books on the English language, including well-known works on etymology and slang. He also wrote novels under the pseudonym Corrie Denison, and books on tennis, which he played well. His papers are archived at the University of Birmingham, British Library, King's College, Cambridge, the Royal Institute of British Architects, the University of Exeter, the University of San Francisco, Warwickshire Record Office, and William Salt Library.

He died in Moretonhampstead, Devon, in 1979, aged 85.

Selected works[edit]

See also[edit]

References and sources[edit]

References
  1. ^ a b c d e f g Crystal, David (2002), "Foreword", in Eric Partridge & Paul Beale, A Dictionary of Slang and Unconventional English: Colloquialisms and Catch Phrases (8th ed.), p. ix, ISBN 0-415-06568-2 Paperback ISBN 0-415-29189-5 
  2. ^ Matthew, Colin (1997), "Birth details of Eric Partridge", in ., Brief Lives: Twentieth-century Pen Portraits from the Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford: Oxford University Press, p. 425 
  3. ^ Partridge, Eric (1963), The Gentle Art of Lexicography as pursued and experienced by an addict, New York: The Macmillan Company, p. 17, retrieved 31 August 2011 
  4. ^ . (1964), "Partridge's Toowoomba Grammar education", in ., Current Biography Yearbook, Vol.24, H.W. Wilson Co, p. 314 
  5. ^ Coleman, Julie (2010), "Eric Partridge's Dictionary of Slang and Unconventional English", in ., A History of Cant and Slang Dictionaries, Vol. IV: 1937-1984, New York: Oxford University Press, p. 7, ISBN 978-0-19-956725-6 
  6. ^ a b c d Partridge (1963), p.21
  7. ^ Partridge, E (edited by Paul Beale) (1986) A Dictionary of Catch Phrases:from the Sixteenth Century to the Present Day. Routledge (See Preface to the First Edition p. ix)
  8. ^ Partridge (1963), p.26
  9. ^ Partridge, Eric (1969), "Partridge's Manchester & London lecturing positions", in ., From Sanskrit to Brazil: Vignettes and Essays upon Languages, Freeport, New York: Books for Libraries Press, ISBN 0-8369-5055-0 First published 1952 by Hamish Hamilton 
  10. ^ Current Biography (1964), p.316
  11. ^ Partridge (1963), p.27
Sources
  • Crystal, D. (1981). Eric Partridge in his own words. New York: Macmillan.
  • Serle, Geoffrey (1988) 'Partridge, Eric Honeywood (1894–1979)', Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 11, Melbourne University Press