Eric Roll, Baron Roll of Ipsden

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Eric Roll)
Jump to: navigation, search

Eric Roll, Baron Roll of Ipsden CB KCMG (1 December, 1907 – 30 March, 2005) was an academic economist, public servant and banker. He was made a life peer in 1977.

Roll was born as Erich Roll in the then-Austro-Hungarian Empire and grew up near Czernowitz in Bukovina, which became part of Romania and is now part of Ukraine.

His father was a bank manager, and his mother's brother was a distinguished member of the law faculty at the University of Vienna. When World War I saw Russian troops burn down the village, his family took refuge in Vienna. His parents then sent him to England in the 1920s and he studied at Birmingham University. Shortly afterwards, he completed his PhD and published his first book. He mixed with artistic and creative circles.

By the age of 28, Roll became Professor of Economics and Commerce at University College, Hull, appointed with the backing of John Maynard Keynes and Lord Stamp. During World War II, however, he was recruited to the civil service as deputy head of the British Food Mission (1941–1946), where he was principally involved in the procurement of food supplies - most notably dried eggs. He made a number of contacts in the United States and rejected the offer to head the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, instead joining the British Ministry of Food. His economic experience and contacts made him invaluable in the post-war government and he was the British representative in the Paris discussions on Marshall aid. He played an important role in the setting up of European and trans-Atlantic institutions before rejoining the Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food.

Roll was about to accept the vice-chancellorship of Liverpool University, but was asked to go to Washington, D.C. as economic minister at the British embassy from 1963 to 1964. Then, when Labour won the 1964 election, he became permanent secretary of the new Department of Economic Affairs, despite not agreeing with its development.

Roll was also a director of the Bank of England between 1968 and 1977,[1] chairman of the merchant bankers SG Warburg, and a director of The Times.

He was chairman of the Bilderberg meetings between 1986 and 1989.[1]

Roll was appointed a Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George (CMG) in 1949,[2] a Companion of the Order of the Bath (CB) in 1956[3] and a Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George (KCMG) in 1962[4] and was made an officeur of the Legion d'Honneur. He was created a life peer as Baron Roll of Ipsden, of Ipsden in the County of Oxfordshire, on 19 July 1977.[5]

Roll married Winifred in 1934 and they had two daughters; she died in 1998.

Major publications[edit]

  • A History of Economic Thought, 1938.
  • Crowded Hours (autobiography), 1985.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Who's Who. 1999. 
  2. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 38493. p. 4. 1 January 1949.
  3. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 40787. p. 3102. 31 May 1956.
  4. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 42552. p. 4. 1 January 1962.
  5. ^ The London Gazette: no. 47281. p. 9451. 21 July 1977.