Erica ciliaris

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This article is about the plant commonly known as Dorset heath. For the natural region, see Dorset Heaths.
Erica ciliaris
Erica ciliaris.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Ericales
Family: Ericaceae
Genus: Erica
Species: E. ciliaris
Binomial name
Erica ciliaris
L.

Erica ciliaris is a species of heather, known in the British Isles as Dorset heath.[1] It grows to 60 centimetres (24 in), and has leaves 2–4 millimetres (0.08–0.16 in) long, with long, glandular hairs.[1] The flowers are 8–12 mm (0.31–0.47 in) long, bright pink, and arranged in long racemes.[1]

Distribution[edit]

Erica ciliaris has a Lusitanian distribution, stretching from Morocco in the south, along the Atlantic coasts of Portugal, Spain and France to south-western parts of the British Isles in the north.[2] In the British Isles, it is only found natively in Dorset, Devon and Cornwall, where it lives in bogs and wet heaths.[3] It has also been introduced to Hampshire and County Galway.[1] E. ciliaris was voted the county flower of Dorset in 2002 following a poll by the wild flora conservation charity Plantlife.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Clive A. Stace (2010). "Erica L. – heaths". New Flora of the British Isles (3rd ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 528–530. ISBN 978-0-521-70772-5. 
  2. ^ S. B. Chapman (1975). "The distribution and composition of hybrid populations of Erica ciliaris L. and Erica tetralix L. in Dorset". Journal of Ecology 63 (3): 809–823. JSTOR 2258603. 
  3. ^ a b "Dorset heath (Erica ciliaris)". County Flowers. Plantlife. Retrieved July 28, 2011.