Erie Bluffs State Park

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Coordinates: 42°00′30″N 80°24′39″W / 42.00833°N 80.41083°W / 42.00833; -80.41083
Erie Bluffs State Park
Pennsylvania State Park
Erie Bluffs State Park Lake Erie 1.jpg
Lake Erie
Named for: The bluffs overlooking Lake Erie
Country United States
State Pennsylvania
County Erie
Townships Girard, Springfield
Elevation 636 ft (194 m) [1]
Coordinates 42°00′30″N 80°24′39″W / 42.00833°N 80.41083°W / 42.00833; -80.41083
Area 540 acres (219 ha) [2]
Founded June 4, 2004 [3]
Management Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources
IUCN category V - Protected Landscape/Seascape
Location of Erie Bluffs State Park in Pennsylvania
Website: Erie Bluffs State Park

Erie Bluffs State Park is a 540-acre (219 ha) Pennsylvania state park in Girard and Springfield Townships, Erie County, Pennsylvania in the United States. The park is the largest undeveloped stretch of land overlooking Lake Erie in Pennsylvania. Erie Bluffs State Park is just north of Pennsylvania Route 5 near Lake City and 12 miles (19 km) west of Erie. It is one of the newest Pennsylvania state parks.

Ecology[edit]

Most of the Lake Erie coastline in Pennsylvania is highly developed. Erie Bluffs State Park is the largest undeveloped stretch of coastline in Pennsylvania. It is therefore highly prized as an example of the wild nature that once stretched up and down the coast of Lake Erie. This 1 mile (1.6 km) stretch of coastline is at an elevation of 636 feet (194 m).[1] It features bluffs approximately 90 feet (27 m) tall, patches of old-growth forest, rare, endangered and threatened plant species, a "world-class" steelhead fishery, a savanna ecosystem, wetlands and several archaeological sites.[2]

The Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources in cooperation with the Western Pennsylvania Conservancy conducted a biological survey in the summer of 2004 at Erie Bluffs State Park. Their goal was to survey the forests, streams, and beaches of the park for every species of wild bird, fish, reptile, mammal, amphibian, plant, and insect that they could find. Biologists from Carnegie Museum, Shippensburg University of Pennsylvania, Gannon University, the Cleveland Museum of Natural History, the Pennsylvania Game Commission, the Pennsylvania Fish and Boat Commission, the Western Pennsylvania Conservancy and the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection took part in the survey and found:[4]

History[edit]

An Erie Bluffs State Park entrance sign

Erie Bluffs State Park was officially established as a Pennsylvania State Park on June 4, 2004. It became Pennsylvania's 117th state park. Pennsylvania Governor Edward G. Rendell stated, at the opening of the park,

[3]

The land on which Erie Bluffs State Park is located was acquired in 2004 by the Western Pennsylvania Conservancy from Reliant Energy. The conservancy then turned over ownership of the parklands to the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, to be managed by the Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources.[2]

Nearby state parks[edit]

The following state parks are within 30 miles (48 km) of Erie Bluffs State Park:[5][6][7]


References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Erie Bluffs State Park". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. August 30, 2007. Retrieved 2008-02-28. 
  2. ^ a b c "Erie Bluffs State Park". Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources. Retrieved 2007-01-04. 
  3. ^ a b "GOVERNOR RENDELL NAMES 117TH STATE PARK". Office of the Governor of Pennsylvania. Retrieved 2007-01-05. [dead link]
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i Ben Moyer (2004-07-25). "From eagles to insects, Erie Bluffs State Park harbors natural treasures". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved 2007-01-05. 
  5. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Transportation, Bureau of Planning and Research, Geographic Information Division. 2007 General Highway Map Erie County Pennsylvania (Map). 1:65,000. ftp://ftp.dot.state.pa.us/public/pdf/BPR_pdf_files/Maps/GHS/Roadnames/erie_GHSN.PDF. Retrieved 2007-07-27. Note: shows Erie Bluffs State Park (unlabeled)
  6. ^ Michels, Chris (1997). "Latitude/Longitude Distance Calculation". Northern Arizona University. Retrieved 2008-04-20. 
  7. ^ "Find a Park by Region (interactive map)". Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources. Retrieved November 18, 2011.