||This article relies largely or entirely upon a single source. (January 2013)
Erik Kurmangaliev (December 31, 1959 – November 13, 2007) was a Russian-Kazakh opera singer, actor and a leading public figure in Russia's perestroika music scene.
Kurmangaliev was born in Kazakhstan, which at the time was part of the Soviet Union. He attended a music conservatory in the city of Almaty, and later transferred to the Gnesin Institute in Moscow. He was known for an unusual countertenor voice.
Kurmangaliev debuted in 1980 at the Leningrad Philharmonia. He later performed in Alfred Shnitke's Second Symphony and Dr. Faust cantata during his career. His career reached his peak when he teamed up with director Roman Viktyuk in the early 1990s, when he appeared in the Russian language version of David Hwang's M. Butterfly. Kurmangaliev made his last appearance in film appearance in Rustam Khamdanov's Vocal Parallels He died in Moscow on November 13, 2007, of a liver infection at the age of 47.
At one time, Kurmangaliev acted under nickname Erik Salim-Meruert, which are the combined names of his father and mother.