Erika Timm

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Erika Timm (born 1934) is a German linguist, the author of works that made fundamental contribution to the Yiddish historical linguistics and philology.

Biography[edit]

In 1985 she wrote her habilitation work in Trier University (department of Germanistics, section of Yiddish studies). Currently she is a Professor Emeritus of the same institution. Her husband, Gustav Adolf Beckmann, a German philologist specialized in Romance languages, was her collaborator on a number of books.

Studies written by Erika Timm mainly deal with phonetic, semantic and morphologic aspects of Old Yiddish, comparison between Western and Eastern Yiddish and relationship between Yiddish and German dialects. Her most important contribution to the domain, the book ‘Historische jiddische Semantik’ on which she worked about twenty years (published in 2005), focuses on the Yiddish translations of the Bible compiled between about 1400 and 1750. Timm demonstrates how the practice of translating the Bible in Jewish elementary schools (kheyder) during the earliest period of the emergence of the Yiddish language influenced the formation of its Germanic Component, that the influence of Judeo-French in this context is more important than thought, and that an important part of the original translation vocabulary is present in everyday Modern Eastern Yiddish

Erika Timm is also the scholarly editor of a number of Old Yiddish books and the author of several studies in the domain of German philology.

Main Works[edit]

  • Etymologische Studien zum Jiddischen. Zugleich ein Beitrag zur Problematik der jiddischen Südost- und Ostflanke (co-author: Gustav Adolf Beckmann). Hamburg: Buske, 2006.
  • Frau Holle, Frau Percht und verwandte Gestalten. 160 Jahre nach Jacob Grimm aus germanistischer Sicht betrachtet. Stuttgart: Hirzel, 2003.
  • Historische jiddische Semantik. Die Bibelübersetzungssprache als Faktor der Auseinanderentwicklung des jiddischen und des deutschen Wortschatzes. Tübingen: Niemeyer, 2005.
  • Matronymika im aschkenasischen Kulturbereich. Ein Beitrag zur Mentalitäts- und Sozialgeschichte der europäischen Juden. Tübingen: Niemeyer, 1999.
  • Graphische und phonische Struktur des Westjiddischen unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Zeit um 1600 (Hermaea 52). Tübingen: Niemeyer, 1987.

External links[edit]