Eriska

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Not to be confused with Eriskay.
Eriska
Location
Eriska is located in Argyll and Bute
Eriska
Eriska
Eriska shown within Scotland
OS grid reference NM902429
Names
Gaelic name ùruisg,
Norse name Aoraisge
Meaning of name 'water nymph island' or 'Erik's island'
Area and summit
Area 145 hectares (360 acres)[1]
Area rank 124=[2]
Highest elevation 47 m
Population
Population No estimate available
Groupings
Island group Loch Linnhe
Local Authority Argyll and Bute
Flag of Scotland.svg Lymphad3.svg
References [3][4][5]

Eriska is a flat, tidal island at the entrance to Loch Creran on the west coast of Scotland. Privately owned by the Buchanan-Smith's, the island is run as a hotel with wooded grounds.[3] The island is evidently populated although no record for the total was provided by the census in 2001[6] or 2011.[7]

Geography[edit]

The island is largely of schist and slate with the lower ground to the west as a raised beach. To the east of the bridge, there is a partly submerged Crannog, or fortified dwelling, dating from the Bronze Age around 200 B.C.[8] It is part of the Lynn of Lorn National Scenic Area, one of 40 in Scotland.[9]

The estate as a whole includes about 20 hectares (49 acres) on the mainland with a Site of Special Scientific Interest.[10] The island itself has been measured at 145 hectares (360 acres) in total.[1]

Eriska House[edit]

Isle of Eriska Hotel

Eriska House was built in 1884 by the Stewarts of Appin. Built in the Scottish Baronial style by architect Hippolyte Blanc, who was highly acclaimed for his meticulous attention to detail and for a very high degree of specification in materials.

Eriska was occupied by the Blairs and Clark Hutchisons, who built the bridge over the drying channel, connecting the island to the mainland at all states of the tide. When they left in 1930 little upkeep was done until the island was purchased by the Buchanan-Smith family in 1973. The house remains essentially the same with the surrounding buildings converted to become part of the hotel.[8]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Rick Livingstone’s Tables of the Islands of Scotland (pdf) Argyll Yacht Charters. Retrieved 12 Dec 2011.
  2. ^ Area and population ranks: there are c. 300 islands >20ha in extent and 93 permanently inhabited islands were listed in the 2011 census.
  3. ^ a b Haswell-Smith, Hamish (2004). The Scottish Islands. Edinburgh: Canongate. ISBN 978-1-84195-454-7. 
  4. ^ Mac an Tàilleir, Iain (2003) Ainmean-àite/Placenames. (pdf) Pàrlamaid na h-Alba. Retrieved 26 August 2012.
  5. ^ Ordnance Survey. Get-a-map (Map). 1:25,000. Leisure. http://www.ordnancesurvey.co.uk/oswebsite/getamap/. Retrieved 21 August 2013.
  6. ^ General Register Office for Scotland (28 November 2003) Scotland's Census 2001 – Occasional Paper No 10: Statistics for Inhabited Islands. Retrieved 26 February 2012.
  7. ^ National Records of Scotland (15 August 2013) (pdf) Statistical Bulletin: 2011 Census: First Results on Population and Household Estimates for Scotland - Release 1C (Part Two). "Appendix 2: Population and households on Scotland’s inhabited islands". Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  8. ^ a b "Eriska Island". Isle of Eriska Hotel. Retrieved 16 September 2013.
  9. ^ "National Scenic Areas". SNH. Retrieved 30 Mar 2011.
  10. ^ "Estate". Isle of Eriska Hotel/Wayback Internet Archive. Originally retrieved 18 Dec 2011. This site states that the estate comprises "350 acres of which the majority is on the island but also 50 acres on the mainland", suggesting that they estimate the islands area at circa 120 ha.

Coordinates: 56°31′54″N 5°24′45″W / 56.53167°N 5.41250°W / 56.53167; -5.41250