Erlach Castle

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Erlach Castle
Schloss Erlach
Erlach, Canton of Bern, Switzerland
Erlach.jpg
Erlach Castle
Erlach Castle is located in Switzerland
Erlach Castle
Erlach Castle
Coordinates 47°02′40″N 7°05′39″E / 47.044537°N 7.094293°E / 47.044537; 7.094293
Site history
Built 1090-1100 (1090-1100)
Built by Burkart von Fenis

Erlach Castle is a castle in the municipality of Erlach of the Canton of Bern in Switzerland. It is a Swiss heritage site of national significance.[1]

History[edit]

The castle was built around 1090-1100 by Burkart von Fenis, the Bishop of Basel. In 1224, the castle and town of Erlach became the property of the Counts of Nidau. In 1265, Peter II of Savoy brought the counts and their castle under the feudal authority of the House of Savoy. While under Savoy control, Peter II appointed a warden to occupy the castle and manage the castle estates. The warden knights took their name from the castle and town and became known as the von Erlach family. The von Erlach family would later produce a number of famous leaders, including Rudolf von Erlach, the victorious Swiss commander during the Battle of Laupen. By 1300 the von Erlachs were citizens of the city of Bern.[2] After the death of Isabella of Neuchatel, the widow of the last Count of Nidau, in 1395 Erlach was managed directly by the House of Savoy. They mortgaged the town to the de Chalon family in 1407.[3]

In 1474 it was conquered by Bernese troops during the Burgundian Wars and remained under the control of the city of Bern.[4] The first governor of the newly captured district was Rudolf von Erlach, who had been the castellan under the de Chalon family.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Kantonsliste A-Objekte". KGS Inventar (in German). Federal Office of Civil Protection. 2009. Retrieved 25 April 2011. 
  2. ^ Erlach, von in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  3. ^ a b Erlach district in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ Burgen.ch Erlach Castle (German)

External links[edit]