Ermesinda of Bigorre

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Queen consort of Aragon
Tenure 1036–1049
Spouse Ramiro I of Aragon
Issue Sancho Ramirez, King of Aragon
García, Bishop of Jaca
Teresa, Countess of Provence
Sancha, Countess of Toulouse and Urgell
Urraca of Aragon
Full name
Ermesinda (born Gerberga)
House House of Foix
Father Bernard-Roger, Count of Bigorre
Mother Garsenda, Heiress of Bigorre
Born 1015
Died 1 December 1049

Ermesinda of Bigorre, born Gerberga (1015–1 December 1049) was a daughter of Bernard-Roger, Count of Bigorre and his wife Garsenda, Heiress of Bigorre. She was a member of the House of Foix, the sister of Bernard II, Count of Bigorre, Roger I, Count of Foix, and perhaps of Stephanie who married García Sánchez III of Navarre.

Gerberga married on the 22 August 1036 to King Ramiro I of Aragon. After her wedding Gerberga changed her name to Ermesinda. The couple were married for thirteen years, in which time her husband elevated himself from a vassal holding scattered lands around Jaca into a de facto ruler of pocket-kingdom spanning the former counties of Aragon, Sobrarbe and Ribagorza, and is thereby credited with being the first King of Aragon. They had the following children:

  1. Sancho Ramírez (c. 1042 – 4 June 1094), succeeded his father
  2. García, Bishop of Jaca (d. 17 July 1086)
  3. Teresa (b.1037), married William Bertrand of Provence, no issue
  4. Sancha (d.1097), married firstly to Pons, Count of Toulouse, no issue and secondly to Ermengol III of Urgell, may have had issue
  5. Urraca (d.1077), a nun

All of Ermesinda's children lived to adulthood. She died on the 1 December 1049 and she was buried at the Monastery of San Juan de la Peña.[1] Her husband remarried four years later to Agnes.


Ermesinda of Bigorre
Born: circa 1015 Died: 1 December 1049
Royal titles
New Title Queen consort of Aragon
Succeeded by