Ermesinde of Carcassonne
While he lived she was politically active and presided over assemblies and tribunals. After his death in 1018 she became regent for her son Berenguer Ramon I until 1023. After this, she continued to wield power. In contrast to her son, she favored war with the Muslim powers to the South, partly because of the discontent of the nobles at his policy of peace. When he died in 1035, she became regent for her grandson until he was declared to be of age in 1044.
- "Women in power 1000-1100" from Guide2womenleaders.com, last accessed January 15, 2007