|28th Prime Minister of Norway|
16 October 2013
|Preceded by||Jens Stoltenberg|
|Leader of the Conservative Party|
9 May 2004
|Preceded by||Jan Petersen|
|Minister of Local Government and Regional Development|
19 October 2001 – 17 October 2005
|Prime Minister||Kjell Magne Bondevik|
|Preceded by||Sylvia Brustad|
|Succeeded by||Åslaug Haga|
24 February 1961 |
|Political party||Conservative Party|
|Alma mater||University of Bergen|
Erna Solberg (Norwegian pronunciation: [ˌæːɳɑ ˈsuːlˈbærɡ]) (born 24 February 1961) is a Norwegian politician who has been Prime Minister of Norway since 2013. She has also been the leader of the Conservative Party since 2004.
Solberg has served as a member of the Storting since 1989 and served as Minister of Local Government and Regional Development in Bondevik's Second Cabinet from 2001 to 2005. After winning the 2013 election, she became the second female Prime Minister of Norway, after Gro Harlem Brundtland. Solberg's Cabinet, also called the "Blue-Blue Cabinet", is a two-party minority cabinet consisting of the Conservative and Progress parties.
Solberg was born in Bergen in western Norway and grew up in the affluent Kalfaret neighbourhood. Her father, Asbjørn Solberg (1925 – 89), worked as an consultant in the Bergen Sporvei and her mother, Inger Wenche Torgersen (1926–), was an office-worker. Solberg has two sisters. She is married to Sindre Finnes with whom she has two children.
As a high-school student, she was elected to the board of the School Student Union of Norway, in 1979, and in the same year she led the national charity event Operasjon Dagsverk, in which students collected money for Jamaica.
In 1986, she graduated with her cand.mag. degree in sociology, political science, statistics and economics from the University of Bergen. In her final year, she also led the Students' League of the Conservative Party in Bergen.
Solberg was a deputy member of Bergen city council in the periods 1979–1983 and 1987–1989, the last period on the executive committee. She chaired local and municipal chapters of the Young Conservatives and the Conservative Party.
She was first elected to the Storting (Norwegian Parliament) from Hordaland in 1989 and has been re-elected on five occasions. She was also the leader of the national Conservative Women's Association, from 1994 to 1998.
From 2001 to 2005 Solberg served as the Minister of Local Government and Regional Development under Prime Minister Kjell Magne Bondevik. Her alleged tough policies in this department, including a firm stance on asylum policy, earned her the nickname "Jern-Erna" (Norwegian for "Iron Erna") in the media.
In 2003, Solberg proposed introducing Islamic Sharia Councils in Norway after being informed of the existence of such councils in the United Kingdom, and, in 2004, said that she wished to increase immigration to Norway.
As Minister, Solberg instructed the Norwegian Directorate of Immigration to expel Mulla Krekar, being a danger to national security. Later, terrorism charges were filed against Krekar for a death threat he uttered in 2010 against Erna Solberg.
She served as deputy leader of the Conservative Party from 2002 to 2004 and, in 2004, she became the party leader.
Solberg became the presumptive head of government after winning the general election on 9 September 2013 and appointed Prime Minister on 16 October 2013. Solberg is the Norway's second female Prime Minister after Gro Harlem Brundtland.
Mordechai Vanunu case
In April 2008, it was revealed that in 2004 Solberg, as Minister of Local Government and Regional Development, had rejected a request for asylum in Norway by Israeli nuclear whistleblower, Mordechai Vanunu. While the Norwegian Directorate of Immigration had been prepared to grant Vanunu asylum, it was then decided that the application could not be accepted because Vanunu's application had been made outside the borders of Norway. An unclassified document revealed that Solberg and the government considered that extraditing Vanunu from Israel could be seen as an action against Israel and thus unfitting to the Norwegian government's traditional position as a friend of Israel and as a political player in the Middle East. Solberg rejected this criticism and defended her decision.   
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Erna Solberg.|
- After softening, 'Iron Erna' Solberg set to become Norway's PM
- Eivind Fondenes and Aslak Eriksrud: Partifellene syntes ikke Erna Solberg var blå nok TV2, retrieved 2 April, 2013 (Norwegian)
- Morken, Johannes (8 May 2009). "Erna Solberg varsler tøffere integrering" (in Norwegian). Vårt Land. Retrieved 11 July 2010.
- Svela, Helge O. (13 September 2009). "Det (var) altså flere asylsøkere som kom til Norge under den forrige Bondevik-regjeringen som Erna var med i, enn det har kommet nå under den rød-grønne regjeringen.". Bergens Tidende (in Norwegian). Retrieved 29 August 2010.
- Sandli, Espen (6 November 2003). "Solberg ber om shariaråd". Drammens Tidende (in Norwegian). Retrieved 29 August 2010.
- Ljones, Bjørg Irene (11 August 2007). "Forby sharialover i Norge". Norge Idag (in Norwegian). Retrieved 29 August 2010.
- Almendingen, Berit (20 September 2004). "Erna vil friste innvandrere til Norge". TV 2 (in Norwegian). Retrieved 29 August 2010.
- Aftenposten published 16 October 2013, accessed same day.
- "Erna Solber prevented Vanunu's asylum"
- "Vanunu - Hope that Norway will give me asylum"
- "Vanunu's friends furious - politicians mute"
|Minister of Local Government and Regional Development
|Prime Minister of Norway
|Party political offices|
|Leader of the Conservative Party