Prince Ernest Augustus of Hanover (1914–1987)

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Ernest Augustus IV
Prince of Hanover
Hereditary Prince of Brunswick
Head of the House of Hanover
Reign 30 January 1953 – 9 December 1987
Predecessor Ernest Augustus III
Successor Ernest Augustus V
Spouse Princess Ortrud of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg (m.1951–d.1980)
Countess Monika of Solms-Laubach (m.1981)
Issue Marie, Countess of Hochberg
Ernest Augustus V
Prince Louis Rudolph
Princess Olga
Alexandra, Princess of Leiningen
Prince Henry Julius
Full name
Ernest Augustus George William Christian Louis Francis Joseph Nicholas Oscar
German: Ernst August Georg Wilhelm Christian Ludwig Franz Joseph Nikolaus Oskar
House House of Hanover
Father Ernest Augustus, Duke of Brunswick
Mother Princess Victoria Louise of Prussia
Born (1914-03-18)18 March 1914
Braunschweig, Brunswick, Germany
Died 9 December 1987(1987-12-09) (aged 73)
Schulenburg, Pattensen, Lower Saxony, Germany

Ernst August IV, Prince of Hanover, Hereditary Prince of Brunswick, Prince of Great Britain and Ireland (German: Ernst August Prinz von Hannover) (18 March 1914, Braunschweig, Brunswick, Germany – 9 December 1987, Schulenburg, Pattensen, Lower Saxony, Germany) was head of the House of Hanover from 1953 until his death. He was the eldest son of Ernest Augustus III, Duke of Brunswick and Princess Viktoria Luise of Prussia, the youngest child and only daughter of Wilhelm II, Ernest Augustus III's third cousin in descent from George III of the United Kingdom. Ernst August IV's parents were, therefore, third cousins, once removed. From his birth, he was the Hereditary Prince of Brunswick (German: Ernst August, Erbprinz von Braunschweig). He was also, shortly after birth in 1914, awarded the title of Prince of Great Britain and Ireland by King George V of the United Kingdom,[1] and was heir to the titles of Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale and Earl of Armagh. His British titles were suspended under the Titles Deprivation Act 1917.

Life[edit]

Augustus' christening in the summer of 1914 was the last great gathering of European monarchs before the start of World War I. He had an illustrious list of godparents, including the German Emperor and Empress, his maternal grandparents; the Duke and Duchess of Cumberland, his paternal grandparents; George V of the United Kingdom, Franz Joseph of Austria, Nicholas II of Russia, Ludwig III of Bavaria, Frederick Francis IV, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Prince Adalbert of Prussia, Prince Oskar of Prussia, Prince Maximilian of Baden and The 1st Royal Bavarian Heavy Cavalry Regiment.

He lost his titles when his father abdicated in 1918 when he was 4 years old. After his father's death in 1953, he became head of the House of Hanover. He was usually styled His Royal Highness The Prince of Hanover and sometimes as Ernest Augustus IV.

In addition to being a German, he also held British nationality, after successfully claiming it under the Sophia Naturalization Act 1705 in the case of Attorney-General -v- HRH Prince Ernest Augustus of Hanover [1957] 1 All ER 49.[2] He was also heir to the British title of Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale, suspended under the Titles Deprivation Act 1917.

During World War II, he fought at the Russian Front as Oberleutnant in the staff of Generaloberst Erich Hoepner. He was seriously injured near Charkov in spring 1943. After the 20 July plot in 1944, he was imprisoned for a few weeks by the Gestapo in Berlin.

Marriage and children[edit]

On 5 September 1951, Ernest Augustus married Princess Ortrud of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg (1925–80).[3] The wedding was attended by many important royal figures, including his sister Queen Frederica and her husband King Paul I of Greece, and the heads of the houses of Saxony, Hesse, Mecklenburg, Oldenburg, and Baden.[3] The wedding was followed with a reception at Herrenhausen, the only part of Hanover's former palace still intact (the rest had been burned down during World War II).[3]

Princess Ortrud died in 1980. Ernest Augustus married again in 1981, Countess Monika of Solms-Laubach (born 1929).

His children by his first wife are:

Ancestry[edit]

Notes[edit]

External links[edit]

Prince Ernest Augustus of Hanover (1914–1987)
Cadet branch of the House of Welf
Born: 18 March 1914 Died: 9 December 1987
Titles in pretence
Preceded by
Ernest Augustus III
— TITULAR —
Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale
30 January 1953 – 9 December 1987
Reason for succession failure:
Titles Deprivation Act 1917
Succeeded by
Ernest Augustus V
— TITULAR —
King of Hanover
30 January 1953 – 9 December 1987
Reason for succession failure:
Hanover annexed by Prussia in 1866
— TITULAR —
Duke of Brunswick
30 January 1953 – 9 December 1987
Reason for succession failure:
Duchy abolished in 1918