Ernest Dichmann Peek

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Ernest Dichmann Peek
Ernest D. Peek.jpg
Born (1878-11-18)November 18, 1878
Oshkosh, Wisconsin
Died April 22, 1950(1950-04-22) (aged 71)
San Francisco, California
Allegiance  United States of America
Service/branch United States Department of the Army Seal.svg United States Army
Years of service 1901–1942
Rank US-O8 insignia.svg Major General
Battles/wars Philippine–American War
World War I
World War II
Awards Distinguished Service Medal
Silver Star

Ernest Dichmann Peek (November 18, 1878 - April 22, 1950) was a Major General in the United States Army, who commanded the 9th Corps Area at the beginning of the World War II.

Biography[edit]

Peek was born on November 18, 1878 in Oshkosh, Wisconsin.[1] Peek graduated from the United States Military Academy on February 18, 1901 and joined the Corps of Engineers. Then he served on Philippines during the Philippine–American War, where he was assigned to the road and wharf construction units. Peek was decorated with Silver Star for gallantry in action against the Moros during this service.[2]

In 1906 he would be assigned to Yellowstone National Park to help with engineering projects. From 1912 to 1926 he would supervise improvements of the harbor on Lake Superior and was also in charge of the building of Lock and Dam No. 1, Mississippi River.

During World War I, Peek served with 21st Enginners within American Expeditionary Force in France. For his service during the war, he was awarded with Army Distinguished Service Medal and with Legion of Honour by the Government of France.[3]

Following the war he was assigned to the Panama Canal Zone. He would attend the Babson Institute in 1927 and later obtain a L.L.D. from the University of Wyoming College of Law. In 1929 he was assigned to New York City to work on rivers and harbors. He was named a brigade commander at Fort Francis E. Warren in 1937.

In 1940 he was named commander of the Ninth Corps Area. Peek retired in 1942 due to physical disability. He was the last remaining member of the Class of 1901 to serve on active duty.

Peek died on April 22, 1950 in San Francisco, California. He is buried with his wife, Ann Ryan Peek (1885 - 1971), at Arlington National Cemetery.

Decorations[edit]

Here is the ribbon bar of Major General Peek:

Bronze star
Bronze star
Bronze star
1st Row Army Distinguished Service Medal Silver Star
2nd Row Spanish War Service Medal Philippine Campaign Medal World War I Victory Medal with three Battle Clasps American Defense Service Medal
3rd Row American Campaign Medal World War II Victory Medal Officer of the French Order of the Legion of Honour Officer of the French Ordre de l'Étoile Noire

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ernest Dichmann Peek, Major General, United States Army". arlingtoncemetery.net. 2010-07-04. Retrieved 2013-03-07. 
  2. ^ "Valor awards for Ernest Dichmann Peek". militarytimes.com. 2010-07-04. Retrieved 2013-03-07. 
  3. ^ "Valor awards for Ernest Dichmann Peek". militarytimes.com. 2010-07-04. Retrieved 2013-03-07.