25 October 1853|
Highnam Court, Highnam, Gloucestershire, England
|Died||15 April 1936
Highnam Court, Highnam, Gloucestershire, England
|Unit||Royal North Gloucester Militia
Royal Welch Fusiliers
|Battles/wars||Suakin Expedition (1885)|
|Awards||Officer of the Order of the British Empire (1918)|
|Spouse(s)||Evelyn Elizabeth Palk|
|Relations||Thomas Gambier Parry
Sir Charles Hubert Hastings Parry
|Other work||Author, musician, artist|
Major Ernest Gambier-Parry, OBE (25 October 1853 – 15 April 1936) was a British military officer who participated in an expedition to the Sudan to avenge the grisly death of a renowned general in 1885. However, the wounds he sustained in that campaign ended his military career. Gambier-Parry was also known for his work as an author, musician, and artist. He succeeded to the manor at Highnam Court following the death of the composer Sir Hubert Parry. In addition, he preserved and archived the art collection that had been amassed by his father Thomas Gambier Parry; the masterpieces were eventually bequeathed to the Courtauld Institute of Art.
Ernest Gambier-Parry, son of Thomas Gambier-Parry and his second wife Ethelinda Lear, was born on 25 October 1853 at Highnam Court, Highnam, Gloucestershire. His father was an artist, philanthropist, and art collector. His half-brother was the composer Sir Hubert Parry, Thomas Gambier-Parry's son by his first wife Anna Maria Isabella Clinton. Another brother was the architect Sidney Gambier-Parry. His nephew Brigadier Sir Richard Gambier-Parry modernised communications at the Secret Intelligence Service (MI6) and was the communications consultant for Operation Tracer in Gibraltar during World War II. Ernest Gambier-Parry was educated at Eton, where he studied under William Evans, the drawing master at Eton, from 1866 to 1871.
Gambier-Parry served in the Volunteers. By 1871, he had joined the Royal North Gloucestershire Regiment of Militia as a supernumerary lieutenant. He was promoted to lieutenant and, on 2 December 1874, he joined the Royal Welch Fusiliers (23rd Regiment of Foot) in that rank. Gambier-Parry became an instructor of musketry to the 2nd Battalion in 1880 and was at the Royal Citadel, Plymouth in 1881. He resigned as instructor of musketry on 22 August 1881. On 14 February 1883, he left the Royal Welch Fusiliers as a lieutenant, and joined the Devon Yeomanry, the Royal 1st Devon. On 12 February 1885, he was given the rank of captain in the army. Gambier-Parry participated as a special service officer in the Suakin Expedition of March 1885 commanded by Major-General Sir Gerald Graham VC, following the Siege of Khartoum, to avenge the murder of General Charles George Gordon in January 1885. The moments before Gordon's death and beheading were portrayed in the painting General Gordon's Last Stand (pictured) by George William Joy. The Suakin Expedition was also an attempt to change the course of the Mahdist War. During the Eastern Sudan campaign of March 1885, Captain Gambier-Parry was seriously wounded. That military campaign in the Sudan was the subject of his published work Suakin, 1885, which he penned during his convalescence. In the preface to that book, he requested "the indulgence of critics . . . on behalf of one who has carried a sword more often than a pen." He was appointed as a captain in the reserve of officers on 28 October 1885, and was subsequently promoted to the honorary rank of major on 7 May 1886 for his gallant conduct. He was invalided from the army and resigned his commission. During the First World War, he was commandant of No. 6 Red Cross Hospital in Oxfordshire, the Goring Auxiliary Hospital. Gambier-Parry was appointed Officer of the Order of the British Empire in 1918. He was the president of the Gloucester Children's Hospital that had been established by his father. He was also a Gloucestershire magistrate.
Gambier-Parry had a strong interest in the arts. Not only was he an author; he was also a musician and artist. In addition to Suakin, 1885, Gambier-Parry was the author of Annals of an Eton House with some Notes on the Evans Family, Sketches of a Yachting Cruise, Day-dreams, The Pageant of my Day, Murphy: A Message to Dog-lovers, Allegories of the Land, The Spirit of the Old Folk, Life of Reynell Taylor, and Ainslie Gore: A Sketch from Life. He was a member of the Gloucester Committee of the Three Choirs Festival. He often exhibited his paintings at the Royal Academy and other venues. Gambier-Parry assumed the role of family archivist. He was reluctant to sell the collection of paintings and other art objects that his father had collected over his lifetime. (His younger son Mark similarly attempted to avoid the attention of dealers and instead bequeathed the Gambier-Parry collection intact to the Courtauld Institute of Art.) The Gambier-Parry archive included an 1897 inventory of the estate that Ernest Gambier-Parry compiled and was used in the research of the collection for the Courtauld Institute. His inventory documented prominent members of the art world who were friends of his father and viewed the collection. They included two presidents of the Royal Academy: Sir Frederic Leighton and Sir Edward John Poynter. The former selected works from the collection in 1888 to show in the Royal Academy's Winter Exhibition. After his father's death, Gambier-Parry extended invitations to art experts to view the collection at Highnam. The visits occurred primarily in the 1910s and 1920s. Gambier-Parry documented the visits and the impressions or detailed appraisals offered by the experts. The visitors included Professor Charles John Holmes, director of the National Gallery; Sir Claude Phillips, curator of the Wallace Collection; Roger Eliot Fry; Bernard Berenson; Dr. Raymond van Marle, author of The Development of the Italian Schools of Painting, William George Constable of the National Gallery, and historian Welbore St. Clair Baddeley.
Family and later life
Gambier-Parry married Evelyn Elizabeth Palk, daughter of Lawrence Palk, 1st Baron Haldon, in 1882. He resided with his wife and children in Goring, Oxfordshire in 1891, but had moved into Highnam Court (pictured) by 1894. Following the death of his mother Ethelinda Lear in 1896, his half-brother Hubert Parry inherited the Highnam Court estate. The two brothers disagreed over the management of Highnam Court, which was in grave financial difficulty. Ernest Gambier-Parry moved out and his brother moved into Highnam Court. The two brothers remained estranged for the rest of their lives. Gambier-Parry lived in Goring prior to Hubert Parry's death in 1918, at which time he succeeded him to the estate at Highnam Court.
Ernest Gambier-Parry and his wife had two children, although neither of their sons ever married. His elder son Thomas Robert Gambier-Parry was a botanist. He also became curator of the Department of Oriental Collections at the Bodleian Library at the University of Oxford. His son Robert died in February 1935; his wife Evelyn died that same year. Major Gambier-Parry died on 15 April 1936 at Highnam Court. His younger son, Thomas Mark Gambier-Parry, succeeded to the estate at Highnam Court; Mark resided there until his death on 9 August 1966.
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- Gambier-Parry, Ernest. "1901 England Census". Census Returns of England and Wales, 1901. Kew, Surrey, England: The National Archives (as reprinted on Ancestry.com).
- David Verey; Alan Brooks (1 December 2002). Gloucestershire, Volume 2 (3, illustrated, revised ed.). Yale University Press. p. 105. ISBN 9780300097337. Retrieved 21 April 2013.
- Davies, Philip H. J (2004). MI6 and the Machinery of Spying: Structure and Process in Britain's Secret Intelligence (illustrated, reprint ed.). Taylor & Francis. p. 81. ISBN 9780714683638. Retrieved 21 April 2013.
- "Operation Tracer". discovergibraltar.com. DiscoverGibraltar.com (Click Operation Tracer – Stay Behind Cave, then Click here for general information about Operation Tracer). Retrieved 21 April 2013.
- Lionel Henry Cust. "Evans, William (1798–1877)". Dictionary of National Biography, 1885–1900, Volume 18. Wikisource. Retrieved 17 April 2013.
- "Major Gambier-Parry; British Soldier Was Also Artist, Musician and author". New York Times (as reprinted on Ancestry.com). 17 April 1936.
- The London Gazette: . 17 October 1871. Retrieved 18 April 2013.
- The London Gazette: . 5 January 1875. Retrieved 18 April 2013.
- The London Gazette: . 10 September 1880. Retrieved 20 April 2013.
- Gambier-Parry, Ernest. "1881 England Census". Census Returns of England and Wales, 1881. Kew, Surrey, England: The National Archives of the UK (as reprinted on Ancestry.com).
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- The London Gazette: . 13 February 1883. Retrieved 18 April 2013.
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- Ernest Gambier-Parry (1885). Suakin, 1885: Being a Sketch of the Campaign of this Year. K. Paul, Trench & Co. (as reprinted on Wikisource).
- "Battle Near Hasheen". West Coast Times. 23 March 2013. p. 2. Retrieved 20 April 2013.
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- "Britain's colonial adventures: The truth about Gordon of Khartoum". The Independent. 12 May 2006. Retrieved 21 April 2013.
- Ernest Gambier Parry (1885). Suakin, 1885: Being a Sketch of the Campaign of this Year. K. Paul, Trench & Co. Retrieved 20 April 2013.
- The London Gazette: . 27 October 1885. Retrieved 20 April 2013.
- The London Gazette: . 18 May 1886. Retrieved 18 April 2013.
- The London Gazette: . 7 June 1918. Retrieved 20 April 2013.
- "History of British Red Cross nurses and hospitals". www.redcross.org.uk. British Red Cross. Retrieved 20 April 2013.
- "Art Surfacing From Long Banishment". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. 14 March 1967. p. 36. Retrieved 20 April 2013.
- Tom Fenton. "Newsletter Archive: Spring 2007; The Restoration of Highnam Church". www.courtauld.ac.uk. The Courtauld Institute of Art. Retrieved 21 April 2013.
- Caitlin Silberman (June 2007). "The formation of Thomas Gambier Parry's collection". www.courtauld.ac.uk. The Courtauld Institute of Art. Retrieved 18 April 2013.
- "The development of the Italian schools of painting". library.rijksmuseum.nl. Rijks Museum. Retrieved 21 April 2013.
- "Welbore St Clair Baddeley, 1856–1945". etchings.arts.gla.ac.uk. University of Glasgow. Retrieved 21 April 2013.
- G. Parry, Ernest. "1891 England Census". Census Returns of England and Wales, 1891. Kew, Surrey, England: The National Archives of the UK (as reprinted on Ancestry.com).
- Gambier Parry, Ernest (1894). "U.K., City and County Directories, 1600s–1900s". 1894 Kelly's Directory of Gloucestershire (as reprinted on Ancestry.com). p. 14.
- Jeremy Dibble (2004). "Parry, Sir (Charles) Hubert Hastings, baronet (1848–1918)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 17 April 2013.
- "Highnam Court, Gloucester, England". www.parksandgardens.org. Parks and Gardens UK. Retrieved 17 April 2013.
- Gambier Parry, Ernest. "1911 England Census". Census Returns of England and Wales, 1911. Kew, Surrey, England: The National Archives of the UK (as reprinted on Ancestry.com).
- Anthony Boden (1 December 1998). The Parrys of the Golden Vale: background to genius (illustrated ed.). Thames Publishing. p. 230. Retrieved 20 April 2013.
- Ray Desmond, ed. (1994). Dictionary of British and Irish Botanists and Horticulturalists (2, revised ed.). CRC Press. p. 269. ISBN 9780850668438. Retrieved 21 April 2013.
- Gambier Parry, Ernest. "England & Wales, National Probate Calendar (Index of Wills and Administrations), 1858–1966". Principal Probate Registry. Calendar of the Grants of Probate and Letters of Administration made in the Probate Registries of the High Court of Justice in England (as reprinted on Ancestry.com).
- "Churcham Manors and other estates". www.british-history.ac.uk. British History Online. Retrieved 21 April 2013.
- The London Gazette: . 7 October 1966. Retrieved 22 April 2013.
- Works by Ernest Gambier-Parry at Project Gutenberg
- Works by or about Ernest Gambier-Parry at Internet Archive (search optimized for the non-Beta site)
- Suakin, 1885: Being a Sketch of the Campaign of this Year