Ernest Henry Nickel

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Ernest Henry Nickel
Born (1925-08-31)August 31, 1925
Louth, Ontario
Died July 18, 2009(2009-07-18) (aged 83)
Alma mater University of Chicago
Thesis  (1953)
Known for Nickel-Strunz classification

Ernest (Ernie) Henry Nickel (born Ernst Heinrich Nickel on 31 August 1925 in Louth, Ontario, died on 18 July 2009) was a mineralogist from Canada that emigrated to Australia. He is best known as an editor of the ninth edition of the Nickel-Strunz classification together with Karl Hugo Strunz.[1]

Life[edit]

Ernest H. Nickel received his B.Sc. in 1950 and his M.Sc. in 1951 from McMaster University in Hamilton. For his PhD he attended the University of Chicago, from which he graduated in 1953. After that he worked for the Canadian Department of Mines and Technical Surveys (CANMET). In 1971 he moved to Australia to work for the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO). He continued to work there even after retiring in 1985.[1]

Nickel was the president of the Mineralogical Association of Canada from 1970 to 1971. He was Australian representative on the old Commission on New Minerals and Mineral Names (CNMMN/ IMA) since 1974, and he was CNMMN vice-chairman on the side of the Canadian chairman Joseph (Joe) A. Mandarino (1983-1994). He created the 'Mineral database' together with Monte C. Nichols, and published over 120 papers and books. He listed with Dorian Smith the unnamed minerals in the literature, increasing the list of approved mineral species from less than 3,000 to over 4,000. He made 24 first descriptions of minerals including cuprospinel, niocalite, wodginite, carrboydite, nickelblödite, otwayite, nullaginite and kambaldaite.[1]

Nickel has received numerous honors for his work. The mineral ernienickelite (chalcophanite group) is named after him.[2]

Selected publications[edit]

  • Nickel, Ernest H.; Nichols, Monte C. (1991). Mineral reference manual. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold. ISBN 978-0442003449. 
  • Strunz, Hugo; Nickel, Ernest H. (2001). Strunz mineralogical tables: chemical-structural mineral classification system (9 ed.). Stuttgart: Schweizerbart. ISBN 978-3-510-65188-7. 

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Birch, William D. (2009). "Ernest Henry Nickel". Elements: 272. Retrieved 19 January 2013. 
  2. ^ "Ernest Henry Nickel". aspo-australia.org.au.