Ernest Louis, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt

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Ernest Louis
Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
Landgraf Ernst Ludwig von Hessen-Darmstadt.jpg
Portrait of Ernst Ludwig by Johann Christian Fiedler
Spouse Dorothea Charlotte of Brandenburg-Ansbach
Issue Dorothea Sophie
Louis VIII, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
Charles William
Francis Ernest
Friederike Charlotte
House House of Hesse-Darmstadt
Father Louis VI, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
Mother Elisabeth Dorothea of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
Born 15 December 1667
Died 12 September 1739(1739-09-12) (aged 71)
Jägersburg Castle, Einhausen

Ernest Louis of Hesse-Darmstadt (German: Ernst Ludwig) (15 December 1667, Gotha – 12 September 1739, Einhausen) was Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt from 1678 to 1739. His parents were Landgrave Louis VI of Hesse-Darmstadt and Elisabeth Dorothea of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (1640–1709).

Ernest Louis's desire to emulate the French court under Louis XIV ran his country into debt. Among those patronized in this cultural flourish was Baroque composer Christoph Graupner; also bringing into his service architect Louis Remy de la Fosse for his extensive building program. Upon his death in 1739, his country's debt was 4 million gulden, ten times the annual revenue.

Ernest Louis married Dorothea Charlotte of Brandenburg-Ansbach (1661–1705), daughter of Albert II, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach (1620–1667) on December 1, 1687. Their children were:

  • Dorothea Sophie (1689–1723)
married in 1710 Count John Frederick of Hohenlohe-Öhringen (1683-1765)
married in 1717 Countess Charlotte of Hanau-Lichtenberg (1700–1726)
married in 1720 Landgrave Maximilian of Hesse-Kassel (1689–1753)

Ernest Louis married his second wife Luise Sophie von Spiegel (1690-1751) on January 20, 1727, who was thereafter raised to the rank of countess of Eppstein. He had two daughters with her:

  • Louisa Charlotte (1727–1753), Countess von Eppstein
  • Friederika Sophia (1730–1770), Countess von Eppstein
married 1764 Baron Johann Carl Ludwig Christian von Pretlack (1716-1781)

Ernest Louis had one additional illegitimate child with Charlotte von Forstner (1686–1727):

  • Friedrich Carl Ludwig von Hohenstein zu Fürstenfeld (1711-1715)


External links[edit]

Ernest Louis, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
Born: 15 December 1667 Died: 12 September 1739
Preceded by
Louis VII
Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
Succeeded by
Louis VIII